Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane. nini futhi kanjani

  
 

 Isimo sengqondo ngezilwane kufanele sibe ngendlela 
  yokuthi lapho kuphakama umcabango: 
  "Kuzokwenzekani uma kusasa sishintsha izindawo?" 
  awuzange ube namahloni, futhi awuzange wesabe.    

 Njalo ngonyaka ngoNovemba 30, i-World Pet Day igujwa emhlabeni jikelele. Ngokokuqala ngqá, umbono wokuhlela leli holide, elisebenzayo namuhla, wabekwa phambili ngo-1931, eNgqungqutheleni Yamazwe Ngamazwe Yabalandeli Be-Movement for Nature eFlorence. Khona-ke izinhlangano ezihlukahlukene zezemvelo nezinhlangano zokongiwa kwemvelo zamemezela ukuthi zikulungele ukuhlela imicimbi eminingi ehlukahlukene ehloselwe ukugxilisa kubantu umuzwa wokuba nomthwalo wemfanelo wazo zonke izinto eziphilayo emhlabeni, kuhlanganise nezilwane ezifuywayo.  

  Ngeshwa, ngokuvamile abantu bathatha isilwane endlini ngokusekelwe ezifisweni zabo zesikhashana, ngaphandle kokuzihlupha ukutadisha ulwazi mayelana nokugcinwa kwabo, ngaphandle kokuqaphela ukuthi izilwane zidinga ukunakekelwa, uthando nothando, ingasaphathwa eyokuthi isilwane esifuywe kahle futhi sinempilo. isilwane noma inyoni idinga isikhathi esiningi nemali. 

  Imvamisa, abantu, sebephelelwe isithakazelo ezifuyweni zabo ababezithanda, baziphonsa emgwaqweni, bengenandaba nhlobo nekusasa labo nezibopho ababecabanga ukuzinakekela.  

  Isilwane, lapho sisemgwaqweni, singenakusiza ngokuphelele futhi, njengomthetho, sibulawa yindlala nezifo. Kuyenzeka futhi ukuthi uma isilwane esinothando nesilalelayo, ezimweni ezinzima zasemgwaqweni, siba nolaka futhi singaba yingozi kwabadlulayo.  

  E-Russia, leli holide liye lathuthukiswa kabanzi kusukela ngo-2000 ngesiphakamiso se-International Fund for Animal Welfare. Yize i-Pet Day ingenaso isikhundla esisemthethweni ezweni lethu, izisekelo ezahlukahlukene kanye nezishoshovu zamalungelo ezilwane zibamba imicimbi eyahlukene ngalolu suku okuhloswe ngayo ukuvikela izilwane ebudloveni, amapiki kanye nezixuku ze-flash zihlelwa ukweseka ukuthuthukiswa kwezindawo zokukhosela, kanye nezinga elikhulu. kwenziwa imibukiso yamakati nezinja.  

  Abantu abaningi ngokuhlonipha iholide elihle kangaka bathenga isilwane sabo esimnandi esimnandi noma amathoyizi angagijima futhi adlale ngawo.  

  Ukusatshalaliswa okukhethekile emazweni ambalwa, kuhlanganisa. futhi eRussia, wathola isabelo esibizwa ngokuthi "Bell". Ngalolu suku, ema-zoo amaningi, zonke izingane zikhala izinsimbi umzuzu owodwa. Inhloso yalesi senzo ukudonsa ukunaka komphakathi ezinkingeni zokuvikelwa kwezilwane.  

  Leli holide lisifundisa ukuba singanaki izinkinga zethu kuphela, kodwa futhi nezinkinga zezilwane.    

  Umgomo oyinhloko we-World Pet Day ukuthuthukisa umuzwa wokuzibophezela kubantu ngesidalwa esiphilayo esake sathathwa futhi waphinda ukhumbuze abantu ukuthi "banomthwalo wemfanelo walabo abaye babathambisa."  

  Phela, ngeshwa, abantu abaningi, abanesilwane esifuywayo, kungaba inja, ikati, izinhlobo ezingavamile zezinyoni noma izinhlanzi, abaqapheli ukuthi isilwane endlini noma efulethini, okokuqala, umthwalo omkhulu. Phela, akwanele nje ukondla noma ukuhamba isilwane sakho ngesikhathi, izilwane zidinga ukunakekelwa njalo, ukunakwa, kanye nemfundo. Kuyadingeka futhi ukunakekela impilo yesilwane sakho, vakashela udokotela wezilwane ngesikhathi, futhi wenze imigomo edingekayo. Akufanele sikhohlwe ngabantu abaseduze nawe, zama ukwenza konke okusemandleni ukuze ukugcinwa, ukuhamba nokuhamba kwesilwane sakho kungabangela ukuphazamiseka komakhelwane noma abadlulayo .

 Naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi umthetho we-Federal "On Responsible Treatment of Animals", oqukethe ulwazi olunzulu mayelana nokugcinwa kwezilwane endlini yangasese noma efulethini, awukakamukelwa, kunemithetho eminingi okufanele ilandelwe yiwo wonke umuntu ofuna unesilwane noma usuvele unaso.  

  E-Russian Federation, izinja namakati ziyisihloko sokuthengiselana komthetho womphakathi. Ngakho-ke, gcina imibhalo eqinisekisa ukuthengwa kwesilwane, kanye neminye imibhalo ehlobene nesilwane sakho. Ezimeni lapho othile ezama ukuphikisa ubunikazi besilwane, ungase udinge amaphepha okufakazela ubunikazi bakho.  

  Ipasipoti yozalo ayidingeki empilweni evamile. Kudingeka ukubamba iqhaza emiqhudelwaneni nemiqhudelwano ehlukahlukene. 

 
 

  Noma yisiphi isilwane, kungaba inja, ikati, ufudu noma inyoni, sidinga ukwelashwa kobuntu. Isigaba 245 se-Criminal Code of the Russian Federation sinikeza isijeziso kulabo abathi, ngezenzo zabo zobuxhwanguxhwangu, ukuthambekela okudabukisayo, izisusa zobugovu, ukulimaza izilwane noma ukuziletha ekufeni.  

  Noma yisiphi isilwane kumele sigcinwe endaweni yomnikazi kuphela, ngokuhambisana nezici zaso zebhayoloji, ukwanelisa izidingo zamanzi, ukudla kanye nokusebenza komzimba. Endaweni eseduze, ekamelweni lapho isilwane sigcinwa khona, kuyadingeka ukugcina ukuhlanzeka nokuhleleka. Akuvunyelwe ukugcina izilwane ezindaweni ezivamile: amaphasishi, izitebhisi, ama-attics, ama-basement, kanye nama-balconi nama-loggias, njengoba lokhu kungase kudale ukuphazamiseka komakhelwane.  

  Ngisho noma uqinisekile ukuthi inja yakho iyisidalwa esinomusa kunabo bonke emhlabeni, udinga ukuyihamba nge-muzzle kuphela. Akuvunyelwe ukuhamba ngezilwane ezindaweni zezingane, ezinkundleni zemidlalo, hhayi endaweni yezikhungo zezempilo, izinkulisa, izikole, noma ezinye izikhungo zemfundo. Ungalinge uvumele isilwane sakho ukuthi sihambe sizimele, ngisho noma uhlala endaweni ezimele. Isilwane esingaphelezelwa muntu endaweni yomphakathi singabanjwa futhi maningi amathuba okuthi ngeke uphinde usibone isilwane sakho esifuywayo.  

  Abanikazi kudingeka bahlanze ngemva kokuba izilwane zabo ezifuywayo imikhiqizo yomsebenzi wabo obalulekile ishiywe emgwaqweni. Ungathembi izingane ukuthi zihamba nezinja ezinkulu. Ngeshwa, ingane ayikwazi ukubhekana nenja ngaso sonke isikhathi.  

  Lapho uwela umgwaqo, uhamba eceleni komgwaqo, isilwane kufanele sigcinwe ku-leash. Uma isilwane esifuywayo sisincane futhi sisinda futhi udinga ukusihambisa ngezithuthi zomphakathi, sibeke esikhwameni esithwalayo. Izilwane ezinkulu kufanele zibe phezu kwentambo futhi ziboshwe.  

  Khumbula ukuthi unesibopho ngokugcwele isilwane sakho, futhi uma kubangele umonakalo impahla yomuntu wangaphandle, ngisho noma ngephutha ibala izingubo, kumuntu wangaphandle, okwenzeka kaningi, umnikazi unesibopho ngokugcwele umonakalo. Ngaphezu kokukhokhela ukulahlekelwa kwezinto ezibonakalayo, inhlawulo yokuphatha ingase futhi ibekwe.  

  Umnikazi wenja kufanele ngaso sonke isikhathi aqinisekise ukuphepha kwabanye. Ngisho noma isilwane sicasulwe ukuba sibe nolaka, umnikazi uyoba necala ngokugcwele. Ngaphezu kwalokho, umthetho uvimbela abanikazi ekusebenziseni izinja zabo njengesivimbeli futhi bazibeke ngamabomu komunye umuntu.  

  Vakashela udokotela wezilwane ngesikhathi esifanele futhi ngendlela evamile, yenza imigomo edingekayo yezilwane ezifuywayo (ikakhulukazi ukugoma amarabi), ngakho ngeke uvikele impilo yesilwane sakho kuphela, kodwa futhi nempilo yabantu abaseduze naye. Uma kusolwa ukuthi isilwane siyagula, kufanele sikhishwe sodwa ngokushesha futhi siyiswe kudokotela wezilwane ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka ukuze sihlolwe.   

  Odokotela bezilwane abaningi batusa ukuthi ukhiphe izilwane ezifuywayo. Ngokwemiphumela yeminyaka eminingi yokubhekwa kodokotela bezilwane, ingozi yezimila ezimbi zesibeletho, ama-neoplasms we-mammary glands, ama-ovari e-polycystic, kanye nezinye izifo ezihlobene "nokuphelelwa yisikhathi" kwesistimu yokuzala kanye / noma isikhathi eside- ukusetshenziswa kwesikhathi eside kwezidakamizwa ze-hormonal kunciphisa esilwaneni esizinzayo. Ngakho, ngemva kokuhlinzwa, ukuphila kwekati noma inja kuyoba nempilo futhi, okubaluleke kakhulu, isikhathi eside. Ngendlela, ngokubulala inzalo isilwane, wenza okuhle esilwaneni sakho, nasekuhleni komphakathi, ngoba kungcono ukuvala inzalo ikati elilodwa noma inja kanye kunokuba uthole isixuku esikhulu semidlwane noma amakati esikhathini esizayo, okuyinto izinga eliphezulu lokungenzeka lizongena ezinhlwini zezilwane ezingenamakhaya ezineshwa.     

  Uma kungazelelwe isilwane sakho silume noma yimuphi wabantu noma ezinye izilwane, khona-ke iqiniso lokulunywa kufanele libikwe ezikhungweni zezilwane zikahulumeni futhi, uma kunesidingo, isilwane kufanele siyiswe kulezi zikhungo ukuze sihlolwe. Uma udokotela wezilwane ebona kudingekile ukuthi abeke isilwane endaweni yodwa, ungaphazamisi lokhu. 

 

Isihloko esithi “Bathi amakati eza ngesizathu…”
Indaba “Yisho igama ngekati”

usuku lwezilwane emhlabeni
I-Russia ibambe ngokuqinile endaweni yesibili emhlabeni ngemuva kwe-United States ngokwenani lezilwane ezifuywayo (Isithombe: U-Alena Haurylik, onelayisensi yakwa-Shutterstock.com)

I-Russia ibambe ngokuqinile endaweni yesibili emhlabeni ngemuva kwe-United States ngokwenani lezilwane ezifuywayo (Isithombe: U-Alena Haurylik, onelayisensi yakwa-Shutterstock.com)

Ngakho-ke, usuku lwanamuhla lubekwe ukuze kwandiswe ukuqwashisa komphakathi ngesidingo sokuvikela imvelo, ukwandisa umsebenzi ekuvikelweni kwezilwane.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, lokhu akusebenzi nje kuphela ekuvikelweni kwezilwane zasendle, kodwa nasezifuywayo, njengoba kuye kwaba nezibonelo ezengeziwe zokuphathwa ngonya kwazo eminyakeni yamuva. Emazweni amaningi aseNtshonalanga Yurophu, izilwane ezifuywayo zibhekwa njengengxenye yomndeni futhi zinamalungelo afanayo namanye amalungu omndeni.

I-Russia ibambe ngokuqinile endaweni yesibili ngemuva kwe-USA emhlabeni ngokwenani lezilwane ezifuywayo. Kuwo wonke umndeni wesithathu waseRussia uhlala "abafowabo abancane".

Eminyakeni yamuva nje, imicimbi enikezelwe kuSuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane ibibanjwe emazweni angaphezu kwama-60 emhlabeni jikelele.

Izinto ezihlobene ku-Calend.ru Magazine:

Infographics - iphosta "Okthoba 4 - Usuku Lwezilwane Lomhlaba Wonke"

Umndeni wesithathu ezweni lethu unezilwane ezifuywayo eziyintandokazi.

Ngalolu suku, izinhlobonhlobo
zamathuba zibanjwe phambi kwakho.
Wayephatha izenzo ezinhle njengezihlobo zakhe. KODWA

Abasebenzi
bezikhova, izingwejeje, njll. Amapaki alashwe futhi
nje aqukethe izilwane, lezi iziqhingi zokusindisa lezo zinhlobo zezilwane,
uSt. Francis wase-Assisi, i
-cryopreservation yemikhiqizo yokuzala, ukufukamela okwenziwa kanye nokudla
kokulimala okudlule bayakwazi ukuhlala endle ngaphandle kosizo lomuntu.

 Abantu abaningi, izakhamuzi
seziphenduke enye yezinhloso zokusungulwa kwe-zoo. Ukuze kuzuzwe umgomo kuma-zoo
, impucuko isibeke onqenqemeni
lokudala
imisebenzi ephezulu yezilwane ezifuywayo zezingane nentsha, iheha ukunaka kwabantu abadala. Iminyuziyamu

Ukwaziswa kwalungiswa nguchwepheshe wezindlela

i-hype emakethe yezilwane kanye nokuvikelwa kwezihlobo zasendle.

imbangela - ukuvikelwa kwezilwane emhlabeni wethu. Qala kancane: wamukelekile
ekubuyiseleni izilwane kanye nezinyoni zikhishwa esizeni

 Ngenhloso yokudala uSuku Lomhlaba
lokuphatha izilwane ezifuywayo ngenhlonipho, ucwaningo luye lwabonisa ukuthi kuzo zonke

Medvedkova Elena Viktorovna

ukuvimbela ukushabalala kwezinhlobo zezilwane ezingavamile.

okulethwe umuntu onqenqemeni lokushabalala. Ukongiwa kwezinhlobonhlobo zezinto eziphilayo zezinyoni ezingavamile nezisengozini yokushabalala
, inyanga, izinkanyezi, amanzi anezimo zabo
zokuphila ezithokomele ekuthunjweni, ukukhuthazwa kokuphathwa kobuntu
kuyingxenye ebalulekile ye-biosphere yeplanethi yethu. Kanye nezitshalo, izilwane zidlala indima eyingqayizivele ekufudukeni kwamakhemikhali
"abafowethu" kanye "nodade". Kuzo zonke izidalwa
zizoba nomthelela omuhle esithombeni sakho nasesithombeni senhlangano yakho, kanye ne-
Smolensk Zoo.

le nkinga.

Ukuzulazula:
ukuthi ukunakekelwa njalo kwesilwane kunganikeza "umqaphi" ukwaneliseka okujulile
kokuvikela izilwane ezikhona.

ihansi, i-laysan teal kanye nenani lezinye izinhlobo ezisengozini yokushabalala. Isibonelo sokusebenza kanzima

Omunye wemisebenzi yama-zoo
izifo. Iningi lalezi zilwane liyafa. Ngakho-ke, umsebenzi wama-zoo,
ukushushumbiswa kwempahla ephilayo. Phela, ukushushumbiswa
nokwelashwa kwezilwane zasendle ezilimele. Njalo ngonyaka, izilwane ezinekusasa elinzima, ezilimele futhi ezidinga ukuvikelwa nokunakekelwa, zingena e-Smolensk Zoo. Phakathi neminyaka embalwa edlule, i-zoo iye yavakashelwa yizi: 2 golden eagles, 1.
Kusukela ekuqaleni
, kusetshenziswa izindlela zesimanje ezinjengokufakwa kwembewu yokwenziwa,
izilwane ezinjengezinyathi, ihhashi lika-Przewalski, i-Arabian, noma i-oryx emhlophe, isiHawaii
zigcinwa ngaphakathi. ngokuhambisana namazinga amisiwe athuthukiswe
ngenhlalakahle yezilwane. Ngakho-ke, ngokwesibonelo, ungabamba noma ubani wena

OCTOBER 4 - USUKU LOMHLABA WONKE LOKUVIKELA IZILWANE.

Ngakho-ke, ngenxa yokuzalanisa okuthunjiwe, amaqembu
agciniwe entuthuko enjalo yezobuchwepheshe adalwe.

Enye indlela yokubhekana nenkinga yokuvikela wuhlelo
Lokubhekelela Izilwane, okuhloswe ngalo ukuthi

Usuku Lomhlaba Wonke Lwezilwane lugujwa ngo-Okthoba 4 hhayi
izilwane. Isizathu sokwakhiwa kwalolu hlelo kwaba ukuthuthukiswa kobudlelwane obuvumelanayo phakathi komuntu nemvelo. Asikho isidingo sokuchaza,
izihlobo azikwazi ukuxhashazwa, kufanele zithandeke futhi
zihloselwe ukuzalanisa izinhlobo zezilwane ezingavamile, zikhuthaza ukususwa
kwezilwane, imidlalo, imibuzo, amakilasi amakhosi ezingane abanjwe. Inhlonipho emasinema
. Ngokusho kongcwele, izimo zengqondo
zamazwe aseNtshonalanga Yurophu hhayi kuphela, zikholelwa ukuthi izilwane ezifuywayo
azihleliwe, lolu wusuku lwengelosi nokufa
kokhozi olunomsila omhlophe, i-cormorant engu-1, ama-storks amhlophe angaphezu kuka-20, izimpungushe, izinja ze-raccoon. ,
uhlobo lokuncikelana.

Njengamanje, esinye sezizathu zokushabalala kwezinhlobo zezilwane
ukukulethela izikhathi eziningi ezijabulisayo ekuxhumaneni nezigceme zakho. Okwengeziwe
Yibo abathola indawo yokukhosela ephephile ngaphakathi kwezindonga ze-zoo futhi babe unyaka wokufunda
/ we-Archive
/ 2012-2013

Isakhamuzi ngasinye sedolobha laseSmolensk singaba neqhaza ekuxazululeni inkinga ye-
zoo.” Banxusa izakhamuzi zaleli dolobha: “Ukuhlanganyela
nezilwane ezitholakala emhlabeni wonke kuwukwakhiwa kwama-zoo. Ama-zoo ayizikhungo eziyingqayizivele,
kunezinhlobo zezilwane ezingaphezu kwezigidi ezingu-1.8.

amalungu omndeni futhi abanamalungelo angekho ngaphansi kunabanye. Izakhamuzi zaseRussia nazo
zithola amanye ama-zoo.

/Izindaba
ezazalwa eminyakeni engaphezu kuka-800 edlule. Wabona yonke imvelo njengomfanekiso womdali wakhe futhi waqamba izilwane,
izakhi. Njengamanje,
imbulunga nokuchuma kwe-zoo yedolobha lethu. Noma ubani angaba umbambiqhaza kulolu hlelo. Ngenxa yalokho
, labo abaphupha ngokutholwa bangatholakala kuwebhusayithi ye-zoo: www.smolzoo.ru esigabeni esithi "For philanthropists".

Izilwane
ezifisa ukulondoloza eMhlabeni wethu zonke izinhlobo zezilwane ezikhona,
i-National Park "Smolensk Poozerye". Nokho, akuzona zonke izilwane ngemva
waphinda ucabange
abasha, futhi, ekugcineni, reintroduction (ukubuya kwezilwane nature). Ngakho -ke
funda kabanzi mayelana nokuqukethwe kohlelo, mayelana nokuthi ungaba kanjani umnakekeli, ngezilwane,
Usuku Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane. Ekhulwini lama-20
, ukuboniswa kwamadokhumentari namafilimu afakiwe mayelana nezilwane nakho kuyahlelwa.

I-Smolensk Zoo! Sikulindile nezilwane ezifuywayo. Shesha ukwenza okuhle!”

ukushabalala kwezinkulungwane zezinhlobo zezilwane. Nsuku zonke, izinhlobo eziningana zezilwane nezitshalo ziyanyamalala ebusweni boMhlaba. Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane luyisenzakalo esibucayi
sezinkinga zokuvikela imvelo, ukwandisa umsebenzi womphakathi ensimini.Leli
 holide lenzelwe wonke umuntu,
ukuvikelwa kwezilwane ukufeza isimo sengqondo esibucayi kakhulu somphakathi
ngomuntu ngemvelo kufanele igqokwe.

Ezingxenyeni ezintathu kwezine zekhulu leminyaka emhlabeni wonke, ngo-Okthoba 4,
izinhlelo ze-World Exhibition ziyahlelwa, izivakashi ziyaziswa ngezinhlobo ezingavamile,
izilwane azihlaliswa zodwa zezilwane futhi zingaba nezinhlobonhlobo
zezilwane ezincelisayo. Ngasikhathi sinye, lokhu akuwona
umsebenzi ekuxazululeni le nkinga ukuzalaniswa ngempumelelo kwama-tiger python, izinyoka ze-woodine zasebukhosini, izinyoka kanye ne-hybrid yenyoka yaseTexas ngabasebenzi
abaphethe izindlela zokugcina amaqembu ezilwane ahlukahlukene: kusuka ezinambuzaneni kuya ezinkulu.
izilwane ze-Smolensk Zoo. Ngesisekelo se-Smolensk Zoo, isanda kuqala ukusebenza
njengokuthi "ukuveza", kuyilapho kwakhiwa izimo ezilungile kubo.
ukuqaphela ukuthi wenza igalelo lakhe ekuvikelweni kwezilwane zabo bonke

Izinombolo

Ezweni lobuchwepheshe obuphezulu, azikho izidalwa ezingenakuzisiza kunezilwane: zasendle noma ezifuywayo - ukuphila kwazo kuncike kakhulu kumuntu, imisebenzi yakhe kanye nokungena okungenangqondo emvelweni. Usuku Lokuvikela Izilwane luklanyelwe ukusikhumbuza ngomthwalo esinawo ngokuphathelene nezinye izakhamuzi zomhlaba.

  1. OCTOBER 4 - USUKU LOMHLABA WONKE LOKUVIKELWA KWEZILWANE [Insiza ye-elekthronikhi]: URL: https://i0.wp.com/wwf.ru/resources/news/arkhiv/4-oktyabrya-vsemirnyy-den-zashchity-zhivotnykh/

Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane luhlanganisa zonke izinto eziphilayo nezinselele eziyingqayizivele zohlobo ngalunye. Leli holide livela emazweni amaningi - uthando nenhlonipho kubafowethu abancane akuxhomekile eminyakeni yobudala, ubulili, ibala lesikhumba, izici ze-ethnographic kanye nenkolo.

Emazweni amaningi emhlabeni wonke, kuphakanyiswa izindaba ezibalulekile ngenkuthalo, njengokulondolozwa kwezilwane ezisengozini yokushabalala, ukucindezelwa konya kwezilwane ezifuywayo, ikhambi elinobuntu lenkinga yezilwane ezingenamakhaya, nokuthuthukiswa kwezimo zama-zoo, izinkulisa nezindawo zokukhosela. .

Usuku Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane luyingxenye yezemvelo. Emhlabeni wonke, kuba nemicimbi ehlukahlukene yokusiza abaswele, yokufundisa ukuze kuhlonishwe yena. Izindawo zokukhosela zamakati nezinja zihlela imibukiso lapho ungangenisa khona isilwane esifuywayo emndenini. Kunezifundo ezinezihloko ezikoleni, lapho zichaza khona ukubaluleka kokunakekela abafowethu abancane. Imitholampilo yezilwane ibamba izinsuku ezivulekile namakilasi amakhulu abanikazi bezilwane ezifuywayo, khuluma ngezici zokunakekelwa, ukuphakela kanye nokwelashwa, ukubaluleka kokugoma. Izinhlangano ezisiza umphakathi zihlela imikhankaso ehloselwe ukuqoqa izimali zokusiza izilwane ezisengozini yokushabalala. Ezinye izinkampani zineholide elithi "Letha Umngane Wakho Ongcono" ngalolu suku, okuvumela abasebenzi ukuthi balethe izilwane zabo ezifuywayo.

Njalo ngonyaka, uSuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane lugujwa ngo-Okthoba 4. Kugujwa eRussia nakwamanye amazwe ayishumi nambili. Ngo-2022, imicimbi yokuphromotha neyokusiza abantulayo enikezelwe kulolu suku izobanjwa emhlabeni wonke.

  • Izinhlobo ezingu-34 000 zezitshalo nezilwane zisengozini yokushabalala.
  • Njalo ngehora (ngokwe-WWF) izinhlobo ezi-3 zezilwane ziyanyamalala ebusweni boMhlaba (1).
  • Amazwe angama-70+ asingathe imicimbi yoSuku Lwezilwane Lomhlaba.

Lugujwa nini Usuku Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane e-Russia nasemhlabeni

Umbono waleli holide waqala wahlongozwa umlobi waseJalimane kanye cynologist Heinrich Zimmermann ngo-1925. Usuku Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane lwabanjwa eBerlin ngoMashi 24 iminyaka eminingana, lwabe seludluliselwa ku-Okthoba 4. Usuku alwenzanga ngephutha - lolu wusuku lwenkumbulo ye-Catholic St. Francis of Assisi, umsunguli we-oda likaFrancisca kanye nosanta ongumvikeli wemvelo nezilwane. Inganekwane ithi uSt. Francis wakwazi ukukhuluma nezilwane, yingakho evezwa enkampanini yabo emidwebeni eminingi nasezithonjaneni.
Kamuva, ngo-1931, kuCongress of World Organizations for the Protection of Animals, eyayiseFlorence, uZimmerman wahlongoza ukuba lolu suku lwenziwe emhlabeni wonke. Kusukela lapho, isibalo samazwe abambe iqhaza kulo mgubho silokhu sikhula njalo. I-Russia yaqala ukugubha lolu suku olubalulekile ngo-2000.

Imicimbi ekhethekile iba kuma-zoo emhlabeni jikelele. Ngokwesibonelo, e-Leningradsky, kuba nemicimbi yokufundisa, lapho kukhulunywa khona ngokubaluleka kwama-zoo ukuze kulondolozwe izilwane ezingavamile nezisengozini. Kwabanye, izenzakalo empilweni yezakhamuzi zivame ukuhlelwa ukuthi zihambisane nalolu suku - ukukhululwa kwezilwane eziphulukisiwe endle, ukubona amabhere ebusika, ukubonakaliswa kokudla.

  1. Inhlangano esiza abantulayo okuhloswe ngayo ukusiza izilwane yavela eRussia esikhathini eside ngaphambi kwesiphakamiso sokumisa iholide. Kusukela ngo-1865, iNhlangano Yokuvikela Izilwane ikhona ezweni lakithi - imisebenzi yayo yayiqondiswa abafazi bezicukuthwane kanye nezikhulu eziphezulu.
  2. Ngokwenani lamakati afuywayo ahlala emindenini yaseRussia, iRussian Federation ithatha indawo yesithathu emhlabeni (amakati ayizigidi ezingu-33.7), kanti eyesihlanu ngokwenani lezinja (izigidi ezingu-18.9).
  3. Ngaphezu kwe-Red Book yaseRussia (lapho kufakwe khona izinhlobo ezingaphezu kuka-400 zezilwane), izifunda zeRussian Federation zinezincwadi zazo ezibomvu. Umsebenzi wokubuyekeza ulwazi kuzo uyaqhubeka.

Wonke umuntu angaba negalelo ekwenzeni ngcono izimpilo zezilwane. Iminyango yezindawo zokukhosela ihlale ivulekile kulabo abakulungele ukuba ngamavolontiya, banikele ngemali, bathenge ukudla noma bathathe esinye sezilwane ezifuywayo. Into esemqoka ukuthi ungakhohlwa ukuthi unomthwalo wemfanelo walabo oye wabathambisa.

Kubalulekile ukuqaphela ukuthi leli iholidi lamazwe ngamazwe, ngoba uthando nokuhlonipha abafowethu abancane akuxhomekile eminyakeni yobudala, ubulili, ibala lesikhumba kanye nenkolo yabantu.

Kamuva, ngo-1931, kuCongress of World Organizations for the Protection of Animals, eyayiseFlorence, uZimmerman wahlongoza ukuba lolu suku lwenziwe emhlabeni wonke. Kusukela lapho, isibalo samazwe abambe iqhaza kulo mgubho silokhu sikhula njalo. I-Russia yaqala ukugubha lolu suku olubalulekile ngo-2000.

Imicimbi enhlobonhlobo yokupha kanye neyokufundisa yenziwa emhlabeni jikelele ukuhlonipha leli holide. Izindawo zokukhosela zamakati nezinja zihlela imibukiso lapho ungangenisa khona isilwane esifuywayo emndenini. Izifundo ezinezihloko zenziwa ezikoleni, lapho ukubaluleka kokunakekela abafowethu abancane kuchazwa ezinganeni. Imitholampilo yezilwane ibamba izinsuku ezivulekile namakilasi amakhulu abanikazi bezilwane ezifuywayo, khuluma ngezici zokunakekelwa, ukuphakela kanye nokwelashwa, ukubaluleka kokugoma. Izinhlangano ezisiza umphakathi zihlela imikhankaso ehloselwe ukuqoqa izimali zokusiza izilwane ezisengozini yokushabalala. Ezinye izinkampani zineholide elithi "Letha Umngane Wakho Ongcono" ngalolu suku, okuvumela abasebenzi ukuthi balethe izilwane zabo ezifuywayo emsebenzini.

Wonke umuntu angaba negalelo ekwenzeni ngcono izimpilo zezilwane. Iminyango yezindawo zokukhosela ihlale ivulekile kulabo abakulungele ukuba ngamavolontiya, banikele ngemali, bathenge ukudla noma bathathe esinye sezilwane ezifuywayo.

Njalo ngonyaka, uSuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane lugujwa ngo-Okthoba 4. Ngalolu suku, izindaba zokongiwa kwezilwane ezisengozini yokushabalala, ukucindezelwa konya ezifuyweni ezifuywayo, isixazululo esinobuntu senkinga yezilwane ezingenamakhaya, nokuthuthukiswa kwezimo zama-zoo, izinkulisa kanye nezindawo zokukhosela.

Usuku Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane lugujwa eRussia nasemazweni angaphezu kuka-70 emhlabeni jikelele. Ngo-2021, bazosingatha amaphromoshini nemicimbi yokupha esiza abantulayo kuze kube yilolu suku.

Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane lugubha iminyaka engama-90 kulo nyaka. Lo mgubho wemvelo uhlanganisa zonke izidalwa eziphilayo kanye nezinselele eziyingqayizivele zohlobo ngalunye. Phela emhlabeni wobuchwepheshe obuphezulu azikho izidalwa ezingenakuzisiza kunezilwane. Izilwane zasendle noma ezifuywayo - impilo yabo incike kakhulu kumuntu, imisebenzi yakhe kanye nokungena okungenangqondo emvelweni. Umuntu kufanele acabange nje ukuthi izinhlobo ezingu-34 000 zezitshalo nezilwane zisengozini! Futhi njalo ngehora, ngokusho kwe-WWF, izinhlobo ezi-3 zezilwane ziyanyamalala ebusweni boMhlaba. Usuku Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane luhloselwe ukukhumbuza isibopho isintu esinaso kwezinye izakhamuzi zomhlaba.

Into eyinhloko ukungakhohlwa ukuthi uMuntu nguyena kuphela ohlala emhlabeni ohlakaniphile onomthwalo wemfanelo kwezinye izidalwa eziphilayo.

Amasiko NgoSuku Lokuvikela Izilwane

Imicimbi ekhethekile iba kuma-zoo emhlabeni jikelele. Ngokwesibonelo, e-Leningradsky, kuba nemicimbi yokufundisa, lapho kukhulunywa khona ngokubaluleka kwama-zoo ukuze kulondolozwe izilwane ezingavamile nezisengozini. Kwabanye, izenzakalo empilweni yezakhamuzi zivame ukuhlelwa ukuthi zihambisane nalolu suku - ukukhululwa kwezilwane eziphulukisiwe endle, ukubona amabhere ebusika, ukubonakaliswa kokudla.

Umbono waleli holide waqala wahlongozwa umlobi waseJalimane kanye cynologist Heinrich Zimmermann ngo-1925. Usuku Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane lwabanjwa eBerlin ngoMashi 24 iminyaka eminingana, lwabe seludluliselwa ku-Okthoba 4. Usuku aluzange lukhethwe ngenhlanhla - lolu usuku lwenkumbulo kaSt. Francis wase-Assisi, umgcini wendalo nezilwane. Inganekwane ithi uSt. Francis wakwazi ukukhuluma nezilwane, yingakho evezwa enkampanini yabo emidwebeni eminingi nasezithonjaneni.

USanta Francis wase-Assisi, umgcini wezilwane kanye nabalondolozi bemvelo.  Umdwebo ka-Giotto di Bondone "Intshumayelo Ezinyonini"

Kunezinsuku eziningi emhlabeni, okuhlanganisa amazwe ngamazwe kanye nokwamukelwa ngokusemthethweni, ezihlobene nezindaba zezilwane. Incazelo ka-Okthoba 4 iwukuthi Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane alugxili kunoma yisiphi isici noma inkinga yohlobo olulodwa. Usuku ludinga ukubhekwa kwayo yonke indaba: ukuhlukunyezwa kwezilwane ezifuywayo, ukusetshenziswa kwezilwane kwezolimo, izilwane zaselabhorethri, izilwane ezingavamile nezisengozini, njll. Leli holide likhuluma ngomsuka wenkinga: izilwane ziyizidalwa eziphilayo nezinozwela, futhi zifanelwe. ukuphila impilo ejabulisayo.

Yiqiniso, akubona bonke ososayensi abavumayo, ngisho nenkulumo ethi “amalungelo ezilwane” ngokwayo iyagxekwa. Abukho ubunye phakathi kwabavikeli-izishoshovu ngokwabo. Ngenkathi abanye befuna i-radical veganism, abanye bavele bafune ukwelashwa okunobuntu kwezilwane. Indlela eyodwa noma enye, abanikazi bezilwane ezifuywayo abajwayelekile nabo banentshisekelo esihlokweni. Bavumelana ngento eyodwa: akekho, noma umuntu noma isilwane, okufanele ahlupheke ngokweqile.

Isikhwama sesikulungele ukunikeza izeluleko zokuthi singalugubha kanjani lolu suku. Yebo, kuhle kakhulu ukwenza umnikelo kubakhulumeli bezilwane bendawo, noma, ngokufanelekile, uvolontiye ngokwakho. Kodwa ungakwazi futhi ukushicilela okuthunyelwe ezinkundleni zokuxhumana, ubeke i-logo yoSuku esithombeni sakho, ube nephathi encane ngokudla kwemifino. Abafundi bangeza emtatsheni wezincwadi wethu futhi bajwayelane nencwadi ejabulise umhlaba wesayensi nabantu abajwayelekile ngokufanayo: Inkululeko Yezilwane KaPeter Singer.

Izinyathelo zokuqala ezisebenzayo zokuvikela izilwane zathathwa e-UK. Ngisho nangaphambi kwekhulu le-19, amacala okuphathwa ngonya kwezilwane ayesaziwa, kodwa wonke aphelela ngeze. Umthetho wawuthatha isilwane njengempahla, futhi inhlawulo yayingatholwa kuphela uma ummangalelwa “elimaza” umnikazi wesilwane. Futhi kuphela ngo-1821, ngemizamo kaRichard Martin, owaziwa ngokuthi "uDick Human", umthetho wokuhlukunyezwa kwezilwane waphasiswa. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, uMartin wafaka enkantolo umuntu wokuqala emhlabeni owatholwa enecala lokuphatha abafowabo abancane ngonya, umthengisi owashaya kanzima imbongolo yakhe. Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi phakathi nenqubo, imbongolo ngokwayo yenza "njengofakazi" - abahloli bamangala ngesimo sesilwane, futhi bakhipha isinqumo ngazwi linye.

Incwadi iyatholakala naku-inthanethi kuwebhusayithi yomshicileli.

Umdwebo obonisa inqubo yomlando manje ulenga endlunkulu ye-Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals.

UHeinrich Zimmermann, intatheli yaseJalimane eyazalelwa ePoland, umsunguli weThe Day (1887-1942).

Yona kanye inkinga yobuhlobo phakathi komuntu nezilwane icishe ibe umlando omude njengaleyo yesintu. Lapho ezinye izinkolo zibheka konke ukuphila okusemhlabeni njengokubalulekile ngokulinganayo, ezinye zenza izilwane, noma, ngokuphambene, zaqaphela ilungelo lomuntu lokuba nazo. Imibuzo yokuthi izilwane zinomphefumulo yabuzwa izazi zemfundiso yenkolo zenkathi ephakathi, futhi izazi zefilosofi nabacabangi beNkathi Entsha zazithinta ngokuqondile izindaba zokuziphatha nezimiso zokuziphatha ngokuphathelene nabazalwane abancane.

Usuku Lomhlaba Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane lokuqala uHeinrich kanye nabantu bakhe abanomqondo ofanayo lwahlelwa ngoMashi 24, 1925. Kusukela ekuqaleni, intatheli yaphakamisa u-Okthoba 4 njengosuku, kodwa ukuphela kosuku lapho iSigodlo Sezemidlalo saseBerlin sasikhululekile sawela ngoMashi. Isakhiwo esinjalo esimangalisa sasidingeka, njengoba abantu abayizinkulungwane ezingu-5 babambe iqhaza emikhosini. U-Zimmerman ukwazile ukubamba umcimbi ngo-Okthoba eminyakeni emine kamuva. Ekuqaleni, leli holide lalaziwa eJalimane, e-Austria, eSwitzerland naseCzechoslovakia, kodwa umsebenzi wokuzikhandla wezishoshovu waholela ekubeni ngo-1931 kuqashelwe njengezwe lamazwe ngamazwe. Abahlanganyeli beNgqungquthela Yabavikeli Bezilwane eFlorence basisekele ngazwi linye lesi siphakamiso. Ngeshwa, ngokuphakama kwamaNazi, impilo kaZimmerman yafinyezwa kabuhlungu.

Ithathwe ku-www.worldanimalday.org.uk. Umthombo wesithombe animalspace.net

Ukuvikelwa kwezilwane ngokuvamile kwenziwa amavolontiya.

Imiphakathi efanayo isidaliwe futhi iyadalwa emhlabeni wonke. Abanye bahileleke ekusindiseni izinhlobo ezithile zezilwane ezisengozini, abanye banakekela izilwane ezingenamakhaya, bavumelana nokuvinjelwa kokuhlolwa kwezilwane, njalonjalo. Ezimweni eziningi, lezi izinhlangano ezingenzi nzuzo ezikhona ngeminikelo. Izisekelo ezinjalo kanye nezinhlangano zomphakathi zivame ukusekela amaphrojekthi amavolontiya ngamanye, izindawo zokukhosela izilwane kanye nezinye izinhlelo.

 

 

Enye yalezi zinhlangano, iBritish Naturewatch Foundation, isebenzisane eduze nezakhamizi ezinakekelayo kanye namaphoyisa aseBrithani ukusiza ukuhlonza nokuphenya amacala onya ezilwaneni. Le nhlangano nayo inentshisekelo ngoba yiyona “eyethule” Usuku Lwezilwane Lomhlaba Ku-inthanethi futhi yakha iwebhusayithi yeholide.

Umhla zizi-4 kuMfumfu ugujwa minyaka yonke njengoSuku Lwezilwane Lomhlaba. Ngokomlando, lolu suku usuku lokufa kukaSt. Francis, umsunguli wohlelo lwezindela lwegama elifanayo, kanye nosanta ongumvikeli wezilwane nendawo ezungezile. Ngokusemthethweni, leli holide alimukelwa ezingeni lamazwe ngamazwe, kodwa lisakazwa kabanzi phakathi kwezinhlangano zokuvikela izilwane emhlabeni jikelele.

Umbhali wesiko lokugubha usuku lwaminyaka yonke lokuvikelwa kwezilwane angabhekwa njengendabuko yaseWarsaw, uHeinrich Zimmermann, intatheli yaseJalimane, umshicileli kanye nesishoshovu samalungelo ezilwane. U-Heinrich washicilela umagazini othi Mensch und Hund (Umuntu Nenja), ozinikele ekunakekeleni izilwane ezifuywayo, lapho ekhuthaza khona imibono yakhe ngentshiseko.

AbaseBrithani baphinde benza umphakathi wokuqala wokuvikela izilwane - iRoyal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals. INdlovukazi uVictoria, ophikisana ne-vivisection, yanikeza lesi simo emphakathini. Umphakathi usekhona, futhi awukaze uyeke imisebenzi yawo. AbaseBrithani, abaziwa ngokuthanda izilwane ezifuywayo, abazange bakhohlwe ngabo ngisho nangezikhathi zezimpi zomhlaba. Phakathi neMpi Yezwe Yokuqala, umphakathi waqoqa izimali zemithi yezilwane zamahhashi ezinkundleni zempi, futhi phakathi neMpi Yezwe Yesibili, amavolontiya ngesikhathi kuqhunyiswa amabhomu eLondon ahlenga izilwane ezazikhohliwe nezilahlekile emanxiweni. Zingaphezu kuka-10 000 izilwane ezifuywayo okuthiwa sezitakuliwe. Ngisho nanjengengxenye yamakhompiyutha e-Lend-Lease ehlangene, izinsiza zokunakekela amahhashi ezilungiselelwe amalungu omphakathi zanikezwa i-USSR.

Uguquko lwangempela lwafika ngeminyaka yawo-1970 ngokushicilelwa kwalokho okuvame ukubizwa ngokuthi ibhayibheli lenhlangano yamalungelo ezilwane: Ukukhululwa Kwezilwane nguPeter Singer. Umbhali udweba ukufana okuqondile phakathi kokuxhashazwa kwezilwane kanye nokubandlululwa okusekelwe embala wesikhumba, futhi uchitha izinga lobuhlakani njengomngcele phakathi kwesilwane nomuntu, kuqhathaniswa nezimfene nezinsana. Le ncwadi yabangela isiyaluyalu esikhulu nokwanda kwesithakazelo kososayensi kule nkinga. Kuye kwabhalwa okwengeziwe ngamalungelo ezilwane eminyakeni engu-20 ezayo kunaseminyakeni engu-2000 ngaphambili.

UPeter Singer, umsabalalisi kanye nesazi sefilosofi, umbhali wencwadi ehlonishwayo

I -35% yazo zonke izinhlobo zezilwane zasolwandle sezivele zanyamalala ebusweni boMhlaba ngaphandle komkhondo ...
Umqondo wokubamba uSuku Lwezilwane usugxile emhlabeni jikelele. Ngakho-ke, ngo-2008, izenzakalo ezihlukahlukene ezinikezelwe kulolu suku zase zivele emazweni angu-66 omhlaba. Imibono eminingi yezazi zemvelo ithole ukwenziwa ngokusemthethweni. Ngokwesibonelo, ngo-1986 uMkhandlu WaseYurophu wamukela iSivumelwano Sokuvikelwa Kwezilwane Ezihlolwayo, nango-1987 Sokuvikelwa Kwezilwane Ezifuywayo.

Ungashiya amazwana akho kuphela ngemva kokugunyazwa.
Eminyakeni engu-25 edlule, ukuhlukahluka kwebhayoloji Yomhlaba kwehle ngo-1/3 ...

I-Belarus ayilugubhi ngokusemthethweni uSuku Lwezilwane Lomhlaba. Esikhundleni salokho, izwe lasungula i-World Day for Biological Diversity, egujwa ngoMeyi 22 ngohlelo loMnyango Wezemvelo.

  • Ikhalenda lamadethi emvelo»>
  • Emakhulwini amaningi eminyaka adlule, kwakuhlala uFrancis wase-Assisi, umsunguli wohlelo lwezindela, owasiza abahluphekayo nabashushiswayo, kuhlanganise nabafowethu abancane, izilwane nezinyoni. Ngokusho kwezinganekwane ezisekhona nanamuhla, uFrancis wayenekhono elimangalisayo lokuxhumana nezilwane zasendle, ezingagcini nje ngokumlimaza, kodwa futhi zalalela indela, futhi zamvikela. /
    UFrancis wase-Assisi unxuse amakholwa ukuthi ukulimaza izilwane futhi kwenziwe ekuvikelweni kwazo. Ongcwele wayekholelwa ukuthi imvelo ngokwayo ibaluleke kakhulu futhi ayincikile kumanani ahlanganiswe ngumuntu. NguFrancis ohlonishwa ngokuthuthuka kwesayensi efana nezimiso zokuziphatha kwezemvelo, efunda izindinganiso zangaphakathi zezilwane zasendle kanye nokuhlonipha zonke izinto eziphilayo.

    Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane, noma uSuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane luwusuku oluklanyelwe ukudonsa ukunaka komuntu ... ">
    Amanzi

    Kusukela ngo-2000, uSuku Lomhlaba Lokuvikelwa Kwezilwane belugujwa eRussia ngohlelo lwe-International Fund for Animal Welfare kanye ne-WWF Russia. Ngalolu suku, izenzo nezenzakalo zobuntu ziqhutshwa ezifundeni eziningi zezwe okuhloswe ngazo ukufundisa abantu ngesimo sengqondo esinakekelayo nesinomthwalo wemfanelo kubafowethu abancane, ukudonsela ukunaka ekuxazululeni izinkinga zezilwane ezingenamakhaya, kanye nokulahla unya ezilwaneni. Minyaka yonke ngosuku olwandulela lolu suku, kuklonyeliswa uMklomelo kaSt. Francis, oklonyeliswa ngezinkonzo ezivelele emkhakheni wokuvikelwa kwemvelo.UFrancis wase-Assisi ngesikhathi esaphila wamenyezelwa njengomvikeli wazo zonke izilwane emhlabeni, futhi emakhulwini eminyaka kamuva, usuku lokufa kongcwele (owafa ngo-Okthoba 4, 1226) lwamenyezelwa njengezilwane zoSuku Lokuvikela emhlabeni wonke.

    Izinhlobo ezi-3 zezilwane ziyanyamalala ebusweni bomhlaba njalo ngehora...

    Amaholide e-Eco-
    Okthoba 4 - Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane
    Amaphesenti angama-70 ezinhlanzi emhlabeni wonke asengozini yokushabalala ngenxa yokudoba ngokweqile ...
    1/4 yazo zonke izinhlobo zezitshalo nezilwane zeplanethi yethu izophela esikhathini esizayo esiseduze . .. Cabanga Ngemibhalo:
    Ikhaya https ://i0. wp.com/i0.wp.com/www.wildlife.by/node/19108


    Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane, noma uSuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane, usuku oluklanyelwe ukudonsela ukunaka kwabantu ezinkingeni zabo bonke abakhileyo emhlabeni. Isinqumo sokugubha lolu suku senziwa ngo-1931 eFlorence (Italy) eNgqungqutheleni Yomhlaba Wonke yabasekeli benhlangano yokuvikela amalungelo emvelo. Usuku ngokwalo nalo alukhethwanga ngenhlanhla: emazweni amaningi, u-Okthoba 4 wuSuku lukaSt. Francis, usanta ongumvikeli wezilwane, ongomunye wabangcwele abahlonishwa kakhulu eSontweni LamaKatolika.

    Imvelo yoMhlaba igcwele izinhlobonhlobo zezilwane. Inani lezinye izinhlobo zezilwane likhulu kangangokuthi zisengozini yokushabalala. Kungaholela ezinqubweni ezingenakuhlehliswa ezithinta kabi imvelo yendawo ethile noma iplanethi yonke. Ukuze kuvinjwe lezi zenzakalo kudinga iholidi lamazwe ngamazwe.

    Okuqukethwe yi-athikili
    1. Uma bebungaza
    2. Ubani ogubhayo
    3. Umlando namasiko eholide

    Uma bebungaza

    Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane lugujwa minyaka yonke ngo-Okthoba 4. Akubalwa njengeholide likazwelonke e-Russia, kodwa izwe lisekela amaphromoshini ahlobene nosuku. Leli holide lasungulwa engqungqutheleni yamazwe ngamazwe yenhlangano yokuvikela imvelo ngo-1931 e-Italy.

    Ezifundeni eziningi kunemicimbi efanayo: Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane Ezingenamakhaya, olugujwa ngoMgqibelo wesithathu ka-Agasti, kanye noSuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane Ezifuywayo, olugujwa minyaka yonke ngoNovemba 30.

    Ubani ogubhayo

    Bonke labo abenza imisebenzi yezemvelo babamba iqhaza ezenzakalweni zeRussian Federation. Phakathi kwabo kukhona abezemvelo, odokotela bezilwane, izinhlangano zomphakathi, izinhlaka zikahulumeni, amalungu eWorld Wildlife Fund (WWF). Imikhosi iphathwa abanikazi bezilwane ezifuywayo, labo iholidi elivame ukuhlelwa ngokuphatha kanye nokuphatha. Lo mcimbi ubhekwe othisha nabafundi bezikhungo zemfundo ezigxile ekuvikelweni kwemvelo.

    Umlando namasiko eholide

    Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane lwaqala ngo-1931. Idolobha lase-Italy iFlorence seliphenduke inkundla yengqungquthela yamazwe ngamazwe yabasekeli benhlangano yokuvikela imvelo. Abahlanganyeli banqume ukusungula umcimbi ongenakulibaleka ngo-Okthoba 4.

    Idethi ekhethiwe inencazelo engokomfanekiso. Kunikezelwe osukwini lwenkumbulo kaFrancis wase-Assisi, othathwa njengosanta ongumvikeli wezilwane ngokwesiko lamaKhatholika. Isithombe sakhe siwukubonakaliswa kobubele, isihe nokuthobeka. Indoda eyayilandela ngokuqinile imfundiso yobuKristu yasungula uhlelo (ubuzalwane) futhi yaluqamba ngegama layo.

    Ngokwesiko elimisiwe, ngo-Okthoba 4, abezemvelo bahlela izenzo zemfundo. Kuhlelwa izingqungquthela, izingqungquthela nemibukiso ngaleli holide. Kunemibiko ekhuluma ngeqhaza elibalulekile lezilwane empilweni yeplanethi. Kuhlongozwa izinyathelo zokuvikela izilwane ezisengozini, kuxoxwa ngezikweletu. Imibono eyiphutha mayelana nezici zokuphulukisa zezingxenye zomzimba zezidalwa iyagxekwa. Ukufa kwabo kuhlobene kakhulu nokuqagela okunjalo.

    Ukunakwa okukhethekile kukhokhwa emsebenzini ochazayo nabaphathi bamabhizinisi akhiqiza imikhiqizo yokudla. Izishoshovu zenza izixuku ezikhanyayo (izenzo ezihlelwe kusengaphambili zeqembu labantu). Banxusa abakhiqizi ukuthi baphathe ngendlela enobuntu ekondlekeni, ekunakekeleni nasekuhlatshweni kwemfuyo nezinkukhu. Enye inhloso yalesi senzo wukudonsela ukunaka komphakathi ezinkingeni ezikhona.

    Ngobusuku bangaphambi kweholidi, kuba nezimpikiswano eziveza ukuphikisana ezimisweni zokuziphatha zezingxenye ezihlukahlukene zomphakathi. Ziholela emiphumeleni ethelayo, njengoba kwenzeka esimweni sokuvinjelwa emazweni amaningi wokukhiqizwa kwe-foie gras. Abezindaba basakaza izinhlelo ezimayelana nokuvikelwa kwemvelo. Iziza zikhuluma ngama-cynologists, odokotela bezilwane, impilo yezigceme zabo. Izinhlangano ezisiza umphakathi ziyaziphendulela ngokuchitha izibonelelo. Emazweni aseNtshonalanga, abantu abavelele kwezamasiko, ezobuciko, babonisa izihlabani zebhizinisi eziqopha amavidiyo adonsela ukunakekela enkingeni yabafowethu abancane.

    Usuku Lomhlaba Lwezilwane lwango-2022 luphawulwa ngezinkulumo zomphakathi, lapho wonke umuntu angabamba iqhaza kuzo. I-Russia ingelinye lamazwe lapho ukunyakaza kwemvelo kuthola khona ukuthandwa kuphela. Umthetho uhlinzeka ngesibopho sezomthetho sonya ezilwaneni ezifuywayo. Umbuso uthatha izinyathelo ezinganele ukwakha izindawo zokukhosela futhi ulwe nezinja ezilahlekile.

    Funda ~3 min.


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