Ukugcina uphayinaphu ekhaya. indlela yokugcina

 

Indlela yokwelula impilo yeshalofu yezithelo

Ngefomu le-hermetic, impilo yeshalofu yezithelo ezifakwe ethini icishe ifane neyanoma yimuphi omunye ujamu, inqobo nje uma igcinwe endaweni emnyama nepholile. Futhi ngemva kokuvula, kufanele uwadle ezinsukwini ezimbalwa kusengaphambili, njengoba ama-preservatives ane-oxidized.

  • ngezikhathi ezithile phenduka ngezindlela ezahlukene.

Uma isithelo singavuthiwe, asikwazi ukugcinwa ekamelweni lokushisa izinsuku ezingaphezu kwezinsuku ezintathu.

Ukuze wenze izithelo zikaswidi, umkhiqizo kufanele uqale ufakwe isiraphu kashukela, bese womiswa. Kulokhu, izithelo ezomisiwe zizolala endlini izinyanga ezingu-6-12.

Izithelo eziqandisiwe ezingavamile zingagcinwa ekhaya izinyanga ezintathu.

Uma kwenzeka ukuthi inqwaba yamaphayinaphu yakheke endlini yakho, ukonga kuyisixazululo esingcono kakhulu. Izithelo ezisemathinini zigcinwa isikhathi eside futhi zizokuvumela ukuba ujabulele ukunambitheka kwazo ngisho nasebusika.

Ukuze isithelo sivuthwe, sishiye silale endlini izinsuku ezimbalwa ekamelweni lokushisa. Yiqiniso, umkhiqizo ngeke uvuthwe ngokuphelele ekhaya, kodwa uzoba namanzi amaningi, unambitheka futhi uthambile.

Ukuze uphayinaphu ekheniwe, udinga:

Abaningi banesithakazelo endleleni yokugcina uphayinaphu ngendlela efanele isikhathi eside: izinyanga ezingu-2-3 noma ngaphezulu. Lokhu kungenzeka uma umkhiqizo uqandisiwe. Kwalokhu:

  • yinqume ibe yizicucu ezincane noma ama-cubes;
  • ikhasi, uthathe tincetu futhi ubeke endishini koqweqwe lwawo;
  • uthele ezitsheni bese ugoqa.
  • ngemva kwesikhashana, susa futhi uthumele izingcezu eziqandisiwe esikhwameni sepulasitiki;

Isithelo esingavamile asinamandla kakhulu futhi sidinga izimo ezithile okufanele zihlangatshezwe.

Ungawugcina kanjani uphayinaphu ekhaya

  • faka umlilo bese ubilisa imizuzu eyi-10,
  • Vala ngokuqinile bese uthumela efrijini.

Umkhiqizo ovuthiwe owugcina esiqandisini kufanele udliwe amasonto angu-1-1.5 kusengaphambili.

Naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi abathandi abaningi balo mkhiqizo ongavamile bathi awukwazi ukugcinwa esiqandisini, njengoba lokhu kwenza ulahlekelwe ukunambitheka kwawo kanye nezakhiwo eziwusizo, asikwazi njalo ukudla isithelo sonke ngesikhathi esisodwa. Ngakho-ke, ngemuva kwe-dessert emnandi, izinsalela zesithelo esivuthiwe kufanele zibe:

Ngaphansi kwezimo ezinjalo, umkhiqizo ungalala ekhaya cishe izinsuku eziyi-10-12.

  • faka esikhwameni sephepha esinezimbobo (lokhu kuzoqinisekisa ukuphepha kwephunga);
  • faka endaweni yesiqandisi eyenzelwe ukugcina izithelo;

Ngesikhathi esifanayo, qiniseka ukuthi igumbi linokushisa okuphezulu nomswakama, ngaphandle kwalokho isithelo ngeke nje sivuthwe, kodwa sizowohloka ngokuphelele, sibune futhi sibe mnyama.

 

Okuyisisekelo Kwesitoreji Esifanelekile

  • ikhasi isithelo;
  • faka ipuleti bese ufaka efrijini;

Gcina uphayinaphu ekhaya kahle, bese ukunambitheka kwawo okumnandi nephunga elimnandi kuzokujabulisa isikhathi eside!

Uma uthenge isithelo esingavuthiwe kakhulu emakethe noma esitolo, akufanele usidle ngaso leso sikhathi. Phela akakakuvezi ngokugcwele lokho akuthandayo.

Ungawugcina kanjani uphayinaphu ovuthiwe

Izinga lokushisa elifanele lokugcina isithelo ekhaya ngu-7.5-8°C. Emazingeni okushisa aphansi, izoba yiqhwa futhi ilahlekelwe ukunambitheka kwayo okumangalisayo. Uma izinga lokushisa esiqandisini lingaphezu kuka-8 ° C, lizovele livuthwe futhi liwohloke.

Sicela uqaphele: uma amabala ansundu evela esikhumbeni sesithelo, akufanelekile ukusetshenziswa.

Umswakama ekamelweni lapho uzogcina khona umkhiqizo akufanele udlule u-90%. Uma kungenjalo, isikhunta sizoqala kuwo, okuzoholela nakanjani ekubuneni komkhiqizo.

Uphayinaphu yisithelo esimnandi nesinempilo ngendlela emangalisayo esiqukethe amavithamini amaningi. Kodwa-ke, ukuze igcine izimfanelo zayo ezizuzisayo futhi ingawohloki, udinga ukwazi ukuthi ungagcina kanjani uphayinaphu ngendlela efanele ekhaya. Phela, kuphela uma igcinwe kahle, ukuyidla kuyozuzisa umzimba wakho.

Uma isithelo singakavuthwa ngokugcwele

  • uthele isiraphu kashukela ngesilinganiso esingu-250 g ushukela ogqamile ngesigamu ilitha lamanzi bese uvumela ukuthi uphuze amahora angu-12 ekamelweni lokushisa;

Abaningi banentshisekelo yokuthi ungagcina kanjani uphayinaphu unyaka wonke. Ingomiswa. Phakathi nenqubo yokomisa, yiqiniso, ezinye zezingxenye eziwusizo zizolahleka. Nokho, ngisho noma omisiwe, izohlala imnandi futhi izoba idessert enhle futhi ithathele indawo amakhekhe namakhekhe angenampilo endabuko.

Ungawagcina kanjani amaphayinaphu amasha ngaphambi koNyaka Omusha ukuze angawohloki

Yiziphi izithelo ezibekwe ngokwesiko etafuleni likaNcibijane? Yiqiniso, ama-tangerines. Kodwa kule minyaka embalwa edlule, esinye isivakashi sangaphandle sengeziwe kubo - uphayinaphu. Ukuphatha okunenjongo.Kodwa kuyinhlamba kakhulu uma, ukuyisika kahle phambi kwezivakashi, futhi yilokho kanye abavakashi abavame ukukwenza, ngoba kukhonzwa etafuleni, kuvela ukuthi isithelo asivuthwanga, noma sibi nakakhulu, sonakalisiwe. , ibolile. Ngakho-ke, kufanele ufunde kusengaphambili ukuthi ungagcina kanjani uphayinaphu ekhaya kuze kufike uNyaka Omusha, ukuthi ungakhetha kanjani isithelo esifanele, futhi yiziphi izinyathelo ezingathathwa uma isithelo siqala ukuwohloka.

Okuqukethwe:

  • Ukukhetha okulungile
  • Ungawugcina kanjani uphayinaphu endlini
  • Isitoreji esibandayo
  • Isiqandisi sokugcina
  • Ukongiwa kwemvelo

Ukukhetha okulungile

Ungawagcina kanjani amaphayinaphu amasha ngaphambi koNyaka Omusha ukuze angawohloki

Ngaphambi kokukhetha indlela yokugcina izithelo zakwamanye amazwe, kufanele uqale ukhethe isithelo esifanele. Uma uhlela ukuyidla ngokushesha, kufanele ivuthiwe. Ukunquma ukuthi uphayinaphu usuvuthiwe kulula. Udinga nje ukucindezela umunwe wakho esikhumbeni. Uma i-springy kancane, khona-ke ukuvuthwa kujwayelekile. Uma i-dent ingashabalali isikhathi eside, noma uma ijusi iqala ukuvela kuyo nhlobo, khona-ke isithelo sivuthwe ngokusobala.

Ngokuvamile, uphayinaphu ongavuthiwe utholakala ngokuthengiswa. Lo mkhiqizo uyabola, futhi ulethwa kude, ngakho-ke izithelo zivame ukuvunwa zibe luhlaza ukuze zivuthwe endleleni, ngesikhathi sokuthengisa noma kakade ekhaya kusuka kubathengi.

Ukuze uthole isitoreji sesikhathi eside, isithelo sombala ophuzi-ophuzi sifanelekile, esinezilinganiso zobukhulu obufanayo, sinciphisa ukuya phezulu.

Uma ukhetha uphayinaphu ovuthiwe esitolo, uhlole ngokucophelela. Akufanele kube namachashaza, ama-dents noma imifantu kuwo. Olunye uphawu oluhle amaqabunga aluhlaza anamanzi. Uma enamabala kuzo, uma omile noma abunile ngisho nengxenye, akufanele uthathe lena.

Iphunga likaphayinaphu lizwakala ebangeni lika-10-20 cm, kuye ngokuvuthwa kwesithelo. Uthambile futhi uzacile. Uma iphunga ligcwele kakhulu, lokhu kubonisa ukuvutshelwa, osekwenzeka ngaphakathi ngaphakathi.

Ngaphambi kokuba wenze ukukhetha kokugcina, udinga ukucofa isandla sakho phezulu, njengasesigubhu. Umsindo we-sonorous ubonisa ukuthi i-pulp ngaphakathi isivele yomile, umsindo ohlabayo ubonisa ukuthi uphayinaphu usuvuthiwe futhi usuqalile ukubola, futhi oyisithulu ubonisa ukuthi yilokho kanye okudingekayo.

Ungawugcina kanjani uphayinaphu endlini

Ungawagcina kanjani amaphayinaphu amasha ngaphambi koNyaka Omusha ukuze angawohloki

Ekhaya, uphayinaphu uvuthwa ngokushesha. Kuthatha izinsuku ezingu-2-5 ukuze zithole ukunambitheka okucebile nephunga elimnandi. Kodwa kulokhu kushisa, ingabola ngokushesha. Ukuze ugweme lokhu, kuyadingeka ukubeka umbungu kude nokukhanya kwelanga, endaweni enomoya omuhle.

Qiniseka ukuthi uyiphendulela ohlangothini noma phezulu uye phansi okungenani kabili ngosuku.

Uma kukhona amaphayinaphu amaningana, awakwazi ukuncika komunye nomunye. Kufanele okungenani kube ngu-10 cm phakathi kwabo.

Uma uthenge isithelo esivuthiwe, ungasifaki esiqandisini. Lapho izolahlekelwa ngokushesha ukunambitheka kwayo, ibe amanzi.

Uma izithelo ezivuthiwe zidinga ukugcinwa isikhathi eside kunezinsuku ezingu-5, kufanele ziboshwe ngefilimu yokudla noma ngesikhumba bese zifakwa esiqandisini. "Emaphaketheni" yenza izimbobo ezimbalwa zokungenisa umoya futhi uvule uphayinaphu njalo.

Isitoreji esibandayo

Ungawagcina kanjani amaphayinaphu amasha ngaphambi koNyaka Omusha ukuze angawohloki

Uma uphayinaphu usuvuthiwe, ungagcinwa esiqandisini kuze kube amasonto amabili. Uma isithelo singavuthiwe, isikhathi sikhuphuka ngezinsuku eziyi-10-14.

Izinga lokushisa elilungile lezithelo esiqandisini lingama-6-8 degrees. Okusho ukuthi, kufanele kube ishalofu elikude kakhulu nefriji. Kuhle kakhulu uma isiqandisi sinezingxenye ezikhethekile zokugcina izithelo. Izimo zakhona zinhle.

Emazingeni okushisa aphezulu, inyama izoqala ukubola, futhi emazingeni okushisa aphansi izoba yiqhwa futhi ibe namanzi kakhulu. Kusuka kuphayinaphu ovuthiwe, ungalungisa i-tincture yokulahlekelwa isisindo.

Uma kungeyona yonke uphayinaphu edliwe ngesikhathi seholide, kufanele futhi igcinwe esiqandisini, ehlanganiswe ngaphambili ngefilimu yokudla. Ngakho-ke ingagcina izakhiwo zayo cishe izinsuku ezingama-3-4.

Isiqandisi sokugcina

Ungawagcina kanjani amaphayinaphu amasha ngaphambi koNyaka Omusha ukuze angawohloki

Uphayinaphu oqandisiwe awugcinwa unomphela, kodwa uzolala ngokuthula izinyanga ezintathu ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa ukunambitheka kwawo nephunga. Kuphela kuleso sitoreji sesikhathi eside kufanele kulungiswe kuqala:

  1. Sika amaqabunga.
  2. Sika isithelo ngokuqondile ngesikhumba sibe yiziyingi noma ngaphambi kokucwecwa.
  3. Beka ebhodini lokusika, qhwa.
  4. Faka emaphaketheni eqhwa.

Defrost ngaphambi kokusetshenziswa. Ukubanda futhi kuzoshintsha uphayinaphu ube ugaxekile olufana ne-purée.

Ukongiwa kwemvelo

Ekupheleni kwentwasahlobo nehlobo, ukudayiswa kuvame ukungabi sesimweni. Lawa ngamaphayinaphu amancane asaluhlaza. Izindleko ngalesi sikhathi sonyaka zezithelo zakwamanye amazwe ziphansi kakhulu, ngakho-ke abasikazi abasebenzayo bazama ukuqoqa ukudla kusenesikhathi.

Izithelo ngeke zilale esiqandisini noma efrijini kuze kufike uNyaka Omusha, ngakho-ke kungcono ukuzigcina.

Ukuze wenze lokhu, hlambulula uphayinaphu emaqabunga, unqume ikhasi, uthathe tincetu bese ufaka epanini lokubhaka. Lungiselela isiraphu esekelwe ilitha lamanzi 500 gr. ushukela, uthele izingcezu zezithelo phezu kwabo, ushiye amahora angu-12 ekamelweni lokushisa. Beka emlilweni omncane, ulethe ngamathumba, ubilise imizuzu engu-10. Beka ezitsheni ezingenalutho bese ugoqa.

Gcina uphayinaphu okheniwe egumbini elingaphansi kanye ne-pantry. Ngemva kokuvula, yidla phakathi kwezinsuku ezintathu.

Manje uyazi ukuthi ungagcina kanjani uphayinaphu kuze kube unyaka omusha. Hlola izithelo njalo. Uma zithambile, zidle ngokushesha. Futhi uma ngokuzumayo uqaphela amabala okubola noma isikhunta, phonsa ngokushesha. Ngisho nezilwane nezinyoni ezinjalo akufanele zinikezwe. Kukhona ingozi yokuba nobuthi obunzima.

Ukuphila kweshelufu likaphayinaphu kuncike ekutheni isithelo siphelele noma siqotshiwe. Uphayinaphu ohlutshiwe uhlala umusha izinsuku ezimbalwa. Kufanele igcinwe kuphela esiqandisini. Emazingeni okushisa asekamelweni, isithelo siyaphela ngokushesha futhi sibe namanzi amancane.

  • ukuqanda.

Uphayinaphu wonke akufanele ugcinwe elangeni. Ikhasi elivela ekushiseni lizokoma ngokushesha, futhi umphumela uzoba ukubola kwesithelo noma ukwehla okuphawulekayo kwe-juiciness. Uma ugcina uphayinaphu, ungasebenzisa izikhwama eziqinile ezinezimbobo ezenziwe ngaphambilini. Ngakho-ke, kungenzeka ukugcina umswakama womoya odingekayo futhi udale izimo ezifanele zokugcina isithelo.

Ezingeni lokushisa lasekamelweni, uphayinaphu ungagcinwa isikhathi esingekho ngaphezu kwezinsuku ezimbili. Ngemuva kwalesi sikhathi, izithelo kufanele zidliwe. Uma kungenjalo, i-ananas izolahlekelwa izici zayo zokunambitha futhi iqiniso lokuqala kokubola alinqunywanga. Unganquma izinga lokuvuthwa kukaphayinaphu ngephunga. Uma iphunga elingaphandle (ukubola, isikhunta, umswakama) libonakala ephunga, isithelo sesivele siqala ukuwohloka.

  • izimo zegumbi;

Ungagcinwa isikhathi esingakanani uphayinaphu

Uphayinaphu ongavuthiwe ungagcinwa ekamelweni lokushisa, kodwa kungabi ngaphezu kwezinsuku ezi-3. Esiqandisini, izithelo ngeke zivuthwe, futhi ukugcinwa isikhathi eside ngaphandle kwendawo ebandayo kuzodala ukuvuthwa ngokweqile kanye nezimpawu ezengeziwe zokubola.

Izindlela zokugcina uphayinaphu:

Iqandiswe emazingeni okushisa angaphansi kuka-0 degrees, uphayinaphu ungagcinwa izinyanga ezintathu. Ngaphambi kokuqhwaza, isithelo sinqunywa sibe izingcezu ezincane bese sipakishwa ezikhwameni zepulasitiki. Isikhumba singashiywa noma sikhishwe. Uma iqhwa, ukunambitheka kukaphayinaphu akulahleki, futhi emazingeni okushisa asuka ku-0 kuye ku-+6 degrees, ukunambitheka kugcwala kancane.

Uma, lapho uthenga uphayinaphu, kwaziwa ukuthi ezinsukwini ezizayo ngeke udliwe, ngakho-ke kungcono ukuthenga izithelo ezingavuthiwe. Ngakho ungakwazi ukunweba impilo yeshalofu futhi ungakhathazeki ngokuphepha kokunambitha.

Uma uphayinaphu ugcinwa nezinye izithelo, khona-ke kuyadingeka ukulawula izinga lokuvuthwa kwazo zonke izithelo. Eduze kwezithelo ezivuthiwe, uphayinaphu uzowohloka ngokushesha, futhi eduze nezithelo ezingavuthiwe, uzohlala umusha isikhathi eside. Uma isithelo sisondelene nezithelo ezonakele, khona-ke amabhaktheriya azobangela ukubukeka okusheshayo kokubola nokubunjwa kuphayinaphu.

Uphayinaphu uyingxenye yezithelo zasezindaweni ezishisayo ezingajwayele ukugcinwa isikhathi eside futhi ziyakwazi ukushintsha kwezinga lokushisa. Ukuze kulondolozwe ukusha kwesithelo, kusetshenziswa isiqandisi, lapho uphayinaphu ufakwa khona endaweni ekhethekile eklanyelwe ukugcina imikhiqizo yalesi sigaba.

  • ukupholisa esiqandisini;

Akunconywa ukugcina uphayinaphu esiqandisini usebenzisa ifilimu yokudla. Kungcono ukupakisha izithelo ezikhwameni zephepha. Le ndlela izokwandisa kancane impilo yeshalofu yephayinaphu futhi igcine izakhiwo zayo zokunambitha. Lapho iqhwa, isithelo sigcinwa kahle, kodwa ukunambitheka okucebile kuyalahleka. Uphayinaphu kufanele uthole inani elanele le-oxygen, ngakho-ke indlela yokugcina ezitsheni noma kwezinye iziqukathi ezivaliwe nayo ayifanelekile kuwo.

Esiqandisini, isikhathi esiphezulu seshelufu sikaphayinaphu singaba yizinsuku eziyi-12. Indima ekhethekile kuleli cala idlalwa ngokudalwa kombuso wokushisa odingekayo - kusuka ku-+7 kuya ku-+8 degrees. Le nkomba ichazwa esiqandisini sezindawo ezihloselwe ukugcina imifino noma izithelo. Emazingeni okushisa aphezulu, uphayinaphu uzovuthwa ngokweqile, futhi ezingeni lokushisa eliphansi, uzobola.

uphayinaphu omisiwe

Uphayinaphu omisiwe uwuhlobo lukaswidi, kodwa ukunambitheka kwalawa maswidi kusikhumbuza uphayinaphu.

Kuyoba kuhle kakhulu ngaphansi kwezimo ezinjalo uma kungathathi isikhathi esingaphezu kwesonto ukuvuthwa, futhi mhlawumbe cishe izinsuku ezintathu; uma uyidinga ngokushesha, udinga ukusika amaqabunga kuphayinaphu bese uyibeka phansi. I-accelerator eyaziwayo yokuvuthwa kwezithelo eziningi i-ethylene. Ngokwemvelo, ayikho indawo yokuthatha leli gesi (i-hydrocarbon elula kunazo zonke i-unsaturated C 2 H 4 ) ekhaya, kodwa ezinye izithelo, kuhlanganise namapheya nama-apula endabuko eRussia, zikhipha ngamanani amancane ngesikhathi sokugcina. Ngakho-ke, ngokuvuthwa kwekhwalithi ephezulu yephayinaphu, ungayibeka eduze kwabo. Ngezikhathi ezithile, ukuphepha kukaphayinaphu kufanele kubhekwe: inqubo yokuvuthwa kanye nokonakala okulandelayo kungahamba ngenani elingalawuleki.

Iphayinaphu elomile liwuswidi noma, uma lomisiwe ngokungezwa ushukela, izithelo eziwuswidi: lokhu kuwumkhiqizo “owumfundamakhwela”. Futhi lapho iqhwa, uphayinaphu awulahlekelwa yinoma yikuphi ukunambitheka noma iphunga, i-pulp izohlala inamanzi afanayo, ijusi kuphela elizogeleza kakhulu.

uphayinaphu ethinini

Uma ukheniwe, uphayinaphu uqala ukuthululwa isiraphu kashukela, bese iba mnandi kakhulu.

Ngaphambi kokuyithumela efrijini, kungcono ukulungisa isithelo, ngoba kuzoba nzima kakhulu ukusika yonke eqandisiwe kamuva, futhi ukulahleka kwejusi ngesikhathi sokusika kuzoba kukhulu kakhulu. Uphayinaphu uyagezwa, uhlutshiwe futhi usikwe izingcezu zosayizi olungele ukusetshenziswa kamuva. Songa esikhwameni sepulasitiki bese usithumela efrijini. Esikhundleni sesikhwama, ungathatha isitsha sokudla sepulasitiki sobukhulu obulula.

Uphayinaphu esikhwameni

Uma ufaka uphayinaphu nje esikhwameni, i-condensate ephuma kuyo ingaholela ekuboleni, ngakho-ke kufanele uqale ugoqe isithelo ngephepha.

Ungesabi la mazwi, uphayinaphu kunoma yiluphi uhlobo esihlwabusayo kakhulu, ayilahlekelwa iphunga layo, kodwa-ke, ufuna ukujabulela umkhiqizo omusha. Futhi uphayinaphu oqandisiwe kuphela uhlala ufana nesithelo esisha. Ngasikhathi sinye, amavithamini (kuhlanganise ne-ascorbic acid) kanye nento ebhekele ukunambitheka nephunga layo, i-bromelain, cishe ilondolozwe ngokuphelele.

Ungawugcina kanjani uphayinaphu isikhathi eside

Uphayinaphu nezinye izithelo

Umakhelwane onama-apula uvumela uphayinaphu ukuthi ufinyelele esimweni esivuthiwe ngokushesha

Uthole iziqu e-Faculty of Chemistry yaseMoscow State University ngo-1981. Umuntu okhethwe kwi-Chemical Sciences, Uprofesa Ohlangene.

Izinhlobo zama-dessert zinezikali ezinkulu, futhi izibonelo ezinezikali ezincane cishe zinenhloso "yobuchwepheshe" yokulungisa izitsha ezihlukahlukene: zinokunambitha okumuncu.

Izindlela zokucubungula ezijwayelekile zilula: ukomisa, ukuqhwaza noma ukucwilisa.

uphayinaphu oqandisiwe

Ukuze kube yiqhwa, uphayinaphu ungasikwa ube yizicucu zanoma yisiphi isimo esikahle nosayizi.

Yiqiniso, ukuze uphayinaphu unikeze injabulo, kufanele uqale ukhethe okulungile. Ngaphandle kokucabangela wonke amasu aziwayo lapha (thinta, ukuchoboza, ukuhogela), sikhumbula kuphela ukuthi amaphayinaphu, njengazo zonke izithelo, anezinhlobonhlobo ezihloselwe izinhloso ezithile.

Uphayinaphu yisithelo sasezindaweni ezishisayo esingafanele ukugcinwa isikhathi eside, kodwa ngokuvamile kungenzeka ukusigcina sisisha amaviki ambalwa. Uma kudingeka isitoreji eside, ukuqandisa kuyasiza, ngemva kwalokho ubumnandi bokudla isithelo esinephunga elimnandi alikho ngaphansi kokudla lokhu kudla okumnandi kusha.

Ukwengeza, uphayinaphu ungatholakala uma udayiswa, usulungele ukudliwa futhi ungakavuthwa. Ngokwemvelo, cishe zonke izithelo zasezindaweni ezishisayo ezithunyelwa kwamanye amazwe zisuswa ngezinga elithile noma ezingavuthiwe: zinesikhathi eside sokufika kwamanye amazwe. Kulula ukugcina uphayinaphu ongavuthiwe ekhaya kunowawuvuthiwe, lokhu ngokuvamile kwenziwa esiqandisini. Futhi uma iphunga elithile elikhangayo lisakazeka esithelweni, kungcono ukuthi ungasigcini, kodwa usike futhi uzijabulise ngaso leso sikhathi.

Iphayinaphu ekheniwe igcinwa kuze kube unyaka, yomisiwe - izinyanga eziyisithupha, futhi iqhwa - ngaphansi, kodwa izoba "cishe ibe yinto entsha." Uphayinaphu osemathinini ufana kakhulu ekunambithekeni nasekuhogeleni isiraphu entsha, ehlwabusayo nemnandi, kodwa ukudla okusemathinini kuwukudla okusemathinini.

Ugcinwa isikhathi esingakanani uphayinaphu ekhaya

Uma ungafaki uphayinaphu ovuthiwe esiqandisini nhlobo, khona-ke udinga ukuwudla kungakapheli kusasa, isikhathi esingaphezu kwezinsuku ezimbili lapho ugcinwe endaweni emnyama enomoya, uzogcina izakhiwo zayo ezinhle kakhulu. Mhlawumbe ngeke kubi nakancane ngisho nangezinsuku ezingu-3-4, kodwa ukunambitheka ngeke kusafana, futhi izinqubo zokubola kwezicubu, ezihambisana nokubola kwezingxenye zomuntu ngamunye ze-fetus, sezizoqala. Yiqiniso, lokhu kusebenza kulezo zibonelo ezazingakavuthwa ngokuphelele lapho zithengwa. Uma uphayinaphu uhlanjululwa futhi unqunywe zibe yizicucu, awukwazi ukugcinwa ngaphandle kwesiqandisi ngisho namahora amathathu; esiqandisini, izingcezu zizolala phansi izinsuku ezimbalwa, kodwa uma zingamboziwe, zizokoma futhi zingadli.

Esimweni saso esivamile, okungukuthi, ngesimo sesithelo esingenaqhwa, uphayinaphu awukwazi ukugcinwa isikhathi eside: kulokhu ufana namajikijolo aziwa kakhulu kithi, njengama-raspberries noma ama-strawberries. Empeleni, okuthile okunambithekayo nephunga elimnandi kubenza bahlobane. Ukugcina isikhashana, kufanele kufakwe ngokushesha esiqandisini, endaweni yesithelo, lapho izinga lokushisa liyi-6-9 ° C. Ngaphansi kwezimo ezinjalo, isithelo, uma singakavuthwa ngaphambi kokuthenga, sizohlala 10-12 izinsuku. Emazingeni okushisa aphezulu, ukuvuthwa kuzoqhubeka, futhi kuzowohloka "kusukela ekugugeni", futhi ekushiseni okuphansi okuhle, lesi sakhamuzi sasezindaweni ezishisayo sizoqala ukubola.

Ungawugcina kanjani uphayinaphu ekhaya

Kodwa ngisho nasesiqandisini akudingeki ukuthi ubeke uphayinaphu kanjalo: iphakheji elincane liyadingeka, ngaphandle kwalokho lizodlulisela yonke iphunga layo kumakhelwane walo eshalofini, futhi hhayi njalo iphunga elimnandi lizoqoqwa kubo ekuphenduleni. Okungenani, kufanele ihlanganiswe ngezingqimba eziningana zephepha elihlanzekile, bese ifakwa esikhwameni sepulasitiki esivaliwe. Kuvalwe ngokuxekethile: uma umswakama ungaphezu kuka-90%, isithelo singase sikhuntile. Ngezikhathi ezithile, iphakheji kufanele iguqulwe, ivumele uphayinaphu ukuba ulale ezinhlangothini ezahlukene. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, bheka iphepha: uma limanzi kakhulu, libuyisele esikhundleni. Buka isithelo ngokwaso: uma kuvela amabala amnyama, awukwazi ukusigcina isikhathi eside. Sika amabala udle okusele. Izithelo eziningana azikwazi ukufakwa esikhwameni esisodwa.

Ungavuthwa kanjani uphayinaphu ekhaya

Kuyaziwa ukuthi amafriji anamazinga okushisa amancane ahlukene (ngokuvamile ukusuka ku -6 kuya ku -24 ° C ), akukho mehluko omkhulu wephayinaphu: izakhiwo zayo zokudla okunomsoco zizohlala zingashintshile kunoma yikuphi ukushisa okungalungile kwezinyanga ezintathu kuya kwezine. Futhi akufanele nanini ukuthi uphayinaphu uncibilike ngokuphindaphindiwe.

Eqinisweni, azikho izindlela zokupheka zokugcina uphayinaphu omusha isikhathi eside: azikho izinhlobo ezilula ezifana, ngokwesibonelo, ama-apula. Ukuze ugcine isikhathi eside (ngaphezu kwamasonto amabili), kuzodingeka wenze okuthile ngephayinaphu.

Uma uphayinaphu uthengwa ungakavuthwa futhi kufanele udliwe ezinsukwini ezimbalwa, udinga ukulinganisa kahle phakathi kokuvuthwa nokungonakali. Akufanele ifakwe ngokushesha esiqandisini, kufanele ivunyelwe ukuzama ukuvuthwa ekamelweni lokushisa kanye nomswakama ongaba ngu-80%. Umswakama owedlulele ungaholela ekuboleni, ukwehlisa - ukomisa. Lapho ugcina, udinga ukuyibeka egumbini elinomoya omncane futhi ngezikhathi ezithile uyiguqule ngezindlela ezihlukene, futhi lapho uthenga amakhophi amaningana, ungawabeki eduze komunye nomunye nakunoma yiziphi izindonga.

Iphayinaphu isithelo esishisayo, eRussia bambalwa abantu abazama ukuyikhulisa: kungenzeka ngokomthetho, kodwa kunzima. Ngenhlanhla, namuhla ungakwazi cishe njalo ukuthenga esitolo. Yiqiniso, umkhiqizo uyabola, futhi ugcinwa isikhathi esifushane kakhulu. Indlela yokulondoloza kahle uphayinaphu ukuze ngesikhathi sokusetshenziswa kube "kujusi ngokwawo"?

Lesi sithelo esinamanzi esingavamile sivame ukuthengwa kusengaphambili, kulungiselelwa idili lomkhosi. Uma wazi ukuthi ungagcina kanjani uphayinaphu kahle, ungathola ukudla okumnandi ngosuku olufanele, ugweme isikhunta kanye nokonakala komkhiqizo.

Izingcezu zikaphayinaphu omusha osikiwe

Okuqukethwe

  1. Yimuphi uphayinaphu ofanelekile
  2. Imigomo nemibandela yokugcina
  3. Kuyohlala isikhathi esingakanani esiqandisini
  4. Kuyohlala isikhathi esingakanani efrijini
  5. Ukuze isithelo sivuthwe

Yimuphi uphayinaphu ofanelekile

Ukugcina, izithelo ezivuthiwe kuphela, ezingalimele zingasetshenziswa. Ukunquma ukuthi uphayinaphu uvuthwe kangakanani, kuyadingeka ukuhlola ukuthobela kwawo izici ezilandelayo:

  • Umbala. Isithelo esingakavuthwa sinombala oluhlaza okotshani, esivuthwe ngokugcwele sihlukaniswa nombala ophuzi ngokulinganayo.
  • Ukunwebeka kwesikhumba. Lapho ucindezela esikalini sikaphayinaphu ovuthiwe, ikhasi libuyela ngokushesha esimweni salo sasekuqaleni.
  • Amahlamvu. Esithelweni esingavuthiwe, azihlukani nesisekelo; kwesivuthiwe, zingasuswa, kepha zisagcina i-tint eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Amaqabunga avuthiwe aphuzi futhi omile.
  • Iphunga. Imbewu evuthiwe yekhwalithi ephezulu inephunga elimnandi lezithelo, lapho ivuthwe ngokweqile ikhanya kakhulu futhi ibukhali, cishe ayinalo iphunga eliluhlaza.
  • Umbala wenyama. Esibonelweni esivuthiwe, inophuzi ocebile, umfaniswano, i-degree ephansi yokuvuthwa, i-paler umthunzi we-pulp. Izinhlobo ezivuthiwe nezimoshekile zihlukaniswa ngesakhiwo samanzi namabala omthunzi omnyama.

Lapho ukhetha i-specimen efanelekile, kufanelekile ukucatshangelwa ngokucophelela isikali se-peel, kufanele sibe nesimo esifanayo, indawo yabo iyancipha ekuqondeni ukusuka engxenyeni ephakathi kuya kumqhele kanye nendawo ephansi. Akufanele yonakaliswe, ikhuntile noma ibole.

Imigomo nemibandela yokugcina

Isikhathi sokugcina uphayinaphu siyahluka kuye ngokuthi uvuthiwe noma useluhlaza, kanye nombuso wokushisa.

  • Uma ugcina isithelo esivuthiwe ekhaya ekamelweni lokushisa, ngokuqinisekile kude nokukhanya kwelanga, isikhathi sokusha sifika ezinsukwini ezingu-2-3.
  • Esiqandisini, igcina ukunambitheka kwamaviki angu-2-3.
  • Uma uphayinaphu usuvele uhlutshiwe, kufanele ugcinwe isikhathi esingaphezu kwezinsuku ezi-3. Gcoba kusengaphambili isithelo esisikiwe kwifilimu yokudla.
  • Uphayinaphu oswini ungagcinwa izinyanga eziyisi-6 kuya kweziyi-12.

Kungenzeka ukugcina ubusha bomkhiqizo ngesikhathi esibekiwe kuphela uma izimo ezidingekayo zifinyelelwa. Okuphoqelekile kufaka phakathi:

  • Izinga lokushisa kusuka ku-6 kuya ku-8 degrees. Ukushintsha kwezinga lokushisa kwelinye isiqondiso noma kwenye kuthinta izici zokunambitheka komkhiqizo kanye nempilo yawo yeshalofu.
  • Umswakamo ucishe ube ngu-90%. Uma udlula izinga elishiwo, isikhunta singase sakheke, ngokuntuleka komswakama, isifanekiso sizoqala ukubuna.
  • Ukuhlola ngezikhathi ezithile. Kudingekile ukuhlola isithelo ukuze singawohloki, ngokuba khona kwe-condensation, isikhunta namabala amnyama. Uma ihlanganiswe ngamaconsi amanzi, udinga ukuyisula futhi uyibophe ngephepha elihlanzekile.

Izithelo ezikhuntile akufanele zidliwe futhi kufanele zilahlwe. Uma kukhona amabala amnyama, anganqunywa, futhi umkhiqizo ungadliwa ngokushesha, njengoba ungekho ngaphansi kwesitoreji esengeziwe.

Kuyohlala isikhathi esingakanani esiqandisini

Ukugcina uphayinaphu esiqandisini amaviki angu-2-3, indawo yezithelo ingcono kakhulu. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, akufanele kube nemikhiqizo enephunga elinamandla eduze.

Kungcono ukugoqa uphayinaphu ephepheni, ushiye izimbobo ezimbalwa. Ukungena komoya kuzokwenziwa ngabo. Uma iphepha limanzi, isithelo kufanele sisulwe futhi sihlanganiswe esisha. Kuvunyelwe ukubeka isithelo esikhwameni sepulasitiki esinezimbobo.

Izinga lokushisa ngaphakathi kwegumbi lilungile ezingeni lika-6-8 ° C, kufanelekile futhi ukulawula umswakama, ukuvimbela isithelo ekubunjweni. Uma isivele ihlutshiwe noma isisikiwe, kungcono ukuyigoqa ngefilimu bese uyidla ngesikhathi esifushane (kuze kube yizinsuku ezingu-3).

Kuyohlala isikhathi esingakanani efrijini

Izithelo ezintsha eziqandisiwe zingagcinwa kuze kube yizinyanga ezi-4, zizoba nokunambitheka okufanayo nokuthungwa. Ukuze wenze lokhu udinga:

  1. Hlanza uphayinaphu.
  2. Sika zibe tincetu (utshani, cubes, izindandatho).
  3. Zibeke ebhodini zibe ungqimba olulodwa.
  4. Faka efrijini usuku olungu-1.
  5. Hlela izingcezu ezifriziwe ezikhwameni futhi uzibuyisele efrijini ngesikhathi esifanele.

Izingcezu zikaphayinaphu ebezincibilikisiwe akumele ziphinde ziqandiswe noma zinwetshwe efrijini.

Ukuze isithelo sivuthwe

Uma, ngenxa yezizathu ezihlukahlukene, isithelo sathengwa singavuthiwe, khona-ke silethwa ukulungela ekhaya.

Iphayinaphu elinjalo kufanele libekwe endaweni emnyama enomoya omuhle (okusho ukuthi ikhabethe alifakiwe), kanye nomswakama ongaba ngu-80-90%. Ukushisa kwegumbi kufanele kube ngu-20-25 ° C. Uma kunamakhophi amaningana, ibanga phakathi kwawo kufanele lishiywe okungenani libe ngu-10 cm.

Ngemuva kwezinsuku ezingaba ngu-3, ​​isithelo sizovuthwa futhi sibe namanzi, singagcinwa esiqandisini noma sidliwe.

Kukholakala ukuthi uma usika phezulu ngamaqabunga bese ubeka uphayinaphu ubheke phansi, ungasheshisa ukuvuthwa kwawo.

Uphayinaphu ungathengwa uvuthiwe noma ungakavuthwa, esimweni sokugcina, lokhu kuzokwandisa kancane impilo yeshalofu. Ngokuya ngezinga lokushisa lokuqukethwe komkhiqizo, ikhwalithi, umswakama, ungawugcina umusha izinsuku ezingafika kwezingu-20. Uma ufaka izingcezu zezinto ezinhle efrijini, ungajabulela lo mkhiqizo ongavamile ngisho nangemva kwezinyanga ezimbalwa.

isithombe: depositphotos.com/denio109

Izinga lokushisa elilungile lesitoreji ngu-7-8°C. Kudingekile ukubeka uphayinaphu ovuthiwe esigabeni sesithelo sesiqandisi uma usethelwe ezingeni lokushisa elifanele. Ngaphansi kwezimo ezinjalo, umkhiqizo ungaqamba amanga amasonto amabili, kodwa uma isithelo singavuthiwe, singase silale esiqandisini kuze kube amasonto amathathu.

Kuyafaneleka ukunaka:

Imvamisa, izitolo zithengisa imikhiqizo engeyona eyokuqala kabusha, engakwazi ukugcinwa ekhaya isikhathi eside. Ukuze ungalahli imali, udinga ukwazi ubuqili obumbalwa ongayisebenzisa lapho ukhetha isithelo.

  • faka isitsha efrijini.

Akufanele ulinde izinsuku ezingaphezu kwezingu-3, ​​ngoba ngemva kwesikhathi esinjalo umbungu ungase uqale ukumbozwa amabala amnyama.

  • Iphunga likaphayinaphu. Umkhiqizo ovuthiwe unephunga elimnandi nelilula elingatholakali kalula. Uma iphunga eliqhubekayo, elinoshukela lizwakala, khona-ke kungenzeka ukuthi isithelo sesivuthiwe, futhi inqubo yokuvutshelwa isivele iqalile kuyo.

 

Kungenzeka ngempela ukonga uphayinaphu uma usuhlutshiwe kakade. Ukuze wenze lokhu, faka izingcezu esitsheni, usimboze ngefilimu yokudla phezulu bese ubeka esiqandisini. Ezimweni ezinjalo, izolala izinsuku ezingu-2-3 kuphela, ngakho-ke kufanele uyidle ngokushesha ngangokunokwenzeka.

Ukuze ugcine uphayinaphu usha kuze kufike uNyaka Omusha, kufanele uqale uwubophe ephepheni, noma uwufake esikhwameni sepulasitiki, kodwa uqale wenze izimbobo esikhwameni ukuze isithelo "siphefumule". Nsuku zonke, izithelo kufanele ziguqulwe izikhathi ezingu-1-2. Uphayinaphu ogcinwe uqondile kufanele ubekwe eceleni kwawo okungenani imizuzu engama-40.

Uphayinaphu ongahlutshiwe kufanele ugcinwe ngendlela efanele, futhi uqiniseke ukuthi endaweni lapho ulele khona, umswakama awudluli u-90%. Uma le modi iphulwa, khona-ke isikhunta singase sakheke esithelweni, futhi umkhiqizo onjalo awusakwazi ukudliwa.

  • ingcindezi. Isithelo esihle esivuthiwe sinesikhumba esiqinile nesiphundu uma sicindezelwa ngomunwe. Uma uqine kakhulu, uphayinaphu awukavuthwa, uma uthambile kakhulu, isithelo sesivuthwe ngokweqile.

Friza uphayinaphu

  • Phezulu. Umqhele wamaqabunga kufanele ube luhlaza futhi ube musha, futhi imiphetho yengxenye ye-herbaceous kufanele ibune kancane. Ngaphezu kwalokho, phezulu kwephayinaphu kufanele kuhlukaniswe kalula nesithelo uma usisonta. Kodwa ngale ndlela kungenzeka ukuhlola isithelo kuphela ekhaya, ngoba akunakwenzeka ukuthi umdayisi azokwazisa ukukhohlisa okunjalo ngephayinaphu.

Uphayinaphu ongavuthiwe kufanele uyekwe ukuze uvuthwe izinsuku ezingu-1-2 ekamelweni lokushisa.

Uma, ngokunganaki, isithelo esiluhlaza ngokuphelele sathengwa, futhi asikho isikhathi esiningi esisele ngaphambi kweholide, khona-ke ukuvuthwa kungasheshiswa ngendlela engokwemvelo. Ukuze wenze lokhu, udinga ukubeka ezinye izithelo eduze kukaphayinaphu: ama-apula, amapheya, ama-tangerines noma ubhanana. Lezi zithelo zikhipha igesi yemifino - i-ethylene, futhi ngaphansi kwethonya layo inqubo yokuvuthwa ishesha kakhulu. Ngokuvamile, noma yisiphi isithelo, ngisho namazambane, kufanelekile kulezi zinhloso.

eyodwa
2
3
ezine
5(15 izilinganiso, isilinganiso: 3.80 koku 5)

Iyalayisha...

Isikhwama somuntu ngamunye siyadingeka, njengoba uphayinaphu udonsa kalula wonke amaphunga angaphandle ahamba esiqandisini.

Usebenzisa le ndlela, ungagcina uphayinaphu izinyanga ezi-4. Ngemuva kokuqothula, isithelo sizohluka kancane esithelweni esisha, kodwa ngokuyisisekelo ukunambitheka kwaso kusazogcinwa. Umkhiqizo oqandisiwe ungasetshenziswa ukwenza amasaladi ahlukahlukene.

  • ukuhlolwa okubonakalayo. Umkhiqizo uvela ezinhlobonhlobo nemibala ehlukene, into eyinhloko ukubheka ukufana kombala. Uma kukhona uphayinaphu oluhlaza eshalofini, cishe cishe awukavuthwa. Uma kukhona umonakalo esikalini kanye namabala amnyama emithanjeni, kungenzeka ukuthi isithelo sibolile.

Indlela yokukhetha uphayinaphu ofanele

Isitoreji sikaphayinaphu

Uma umuntu azi ngokuqinisekile ukuthi ngeke akwazi ukudla isithelo isikhathi esithile, khona-ke ungakwazi ukuphendukela izinyathelo ezinqala futhi iqhwa. Ukuze wenze lokhu udinga:

Ukuthenga uphayinaphu kudala umuzwa weholide langempela, ngakho-ke umuntu akakwazi ukumelana futhi awuthenge kusengaphambili. Ukuze isithelo sigcinwe kuze kube sekuqaleni komkhosi, kufanele senze izimo ezifanele. Ungakwazi ukugcina uphayinaphu kuze kufike uNyaka Omusha ngosizo lwamaqhinga ambalwa, futhi-ke ngeke ulahlekelwe ukunambitheka kwawo kanye nezakhiwo eziwusizo.

Njengoba uphayinaphu ungakhuli eRussia (ngaphandle kwezindawo zokugcina izithombo), balethwa emazweni afudumele. Ngesikhathi sokuthutha, zonke izimo azihlangabezwa njalo, ngakho-ke kunzima ukuthola umkhiqizo osezingeni eliphezulu ngempela emashalofini. Akufanele neze uthathe uphayinaphu wokuqala ofikayo, njengoba kungenzeka ukuthi uthenge isithelo esingavuthiwe noma esivuthwe ngokweqile.

Khetha uphayinaphu

Uma izinga lokushisa ezinsizeni zasendlini lehla ngaphansi kuka-7 ° C, khona-ke isithelo sizoba yiqhwa nakanjani futhi silahlekelwe yikho konke ukunambitheka kwaso. Lapho izinga lokushisa likhuphuka ngaphezu kuka-8°C, uphayinaphu uzovuthwa ngokweqile futhi uqale ukubola.

Isitoreji sikaphayinaphu

Uma uphayinaphu usuthengiwe, umbuzo uvela ngokushesha: ikuphi indawo engcono kakhulu yokuwugcina. Lesi sithelo siyigugu kakhulu, ngakho-ke kungcono ukuthi ungasithengi kusengaphambili. Kodwa uma umuntu esesitholile isithelo, khona-ke kuyadingeka ukusiphatha ngokucophelela.

Ungawugcina kanjani uphayinaphu

  • Ukumbambatha. Kuyadingeka ukumbamba uphayinaphu ngendlela efanayo nekhabe. Uma umsindo ongenalutho uzwakala, khona-ke lokhu kubonisa ukuthi isithelo ngokuqinisekile sinamanzi, sisha futhi singathengwa ngaphandle kokwesaba.
  • ikhasi uphayinaphu futhi uthathe izingcezu ezincane;

Ukugcinwa okufanele kwamaphayinaphu ekhaya

Ukujiya kungase kwakheke esikhwameni noma ephepheni, okufanele lisuswe. Ungakwazi ukusula amaconsi amanzi nge-napkin, kodwa kungcono ukushintsha ngokuphelele i-wrapper.

  • faka isithelo esitsheni esikhethekile sokudla noma esikhwameni sepulasitiki;


0 replies on “Ukugcina uphayinaphu ekhaya. indlela yokugcina”

Ich berate Ihnen, auf die Webseite vorbeizukommen, wo viele Informationen zum Sie interessierenden Thema gibt. Werden nicht bemitleiden.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *