Utamatisi koenigsberg - isithombe, incazelo ehlukahlukene, izici

Izinhlobonhlobo eziyinhloko azikho izinhlobo ezidumile kakhulu. Mhlawumbe edume kakhulu i-Koenigsberg yegolide, kodwa ezinye azinazo izici eziphawulekayo.

  • inhloso katamatisi iyindawo yonke. Imvamisa, isitshalo sidliwa ngendlela yaso yemvelo namasaladi, kepha singasetshenziselwa ukucubungula imikhiqizo katamatisi kanye nokufaka izingcezu. Izithelo zinezimfanelo ezinhle kakhulu zokukhetha.

Ukukhulisa zonke lezi zinhlobo ezincane akunazo izici. I-Agrotechnics ifana nezinhlobonhlobo eziyinhloko.

  • isivuno sokuhweba sezinhlobonhlobo sihle kakhulu - ngokusho kweRejista Yombuso, isukela ku-4.6 kuya ku-20.0 kg ngemitha yesikwele esingu-1. Abalimi ezinkundleni zokuxhumana bakala isivuno ngamabhakede - kusuka ku-2 kuya ku-3 kusuka esihlahleni esisodwa;

  • Njengoba iphakathi nesizini, i-Koenigsberg ivuthwa ezinsukwini eziyi-110-115 ngemva kokuhluma;

Okumise okwenhliziyo - lezi zinhlobonhlobo zihlukaniswa ngosayizi omkhulu wesithelo, isisindo sazo esijwayelekile sisuka ku-500 kuya ku-700 amagremu, kodwa cishe ama-kilogram ama-specimens angakhula. Ukwakheka kukatamatisi kumise okwenhliziyo, phezulu kunwetshiwe kancane. Isikhumba sibushelelezi, siyacwebezela, sibomvana ngombala. I-pulp iminyene ngokulingene, inanyama kakhulu, inamanzi, imnandi. Utamatisi asetshenziswa fresh futhi emathinini. Lesi sitshalo asinqunyelwe, sicishe sifike ku-2 m ukuphakama.

Ngisho nasezifundeni eziseningizimu, kunconywa ukuthi ukhule i-Koenigsberg usebenzisa izithombo. Ukuhlwanyela imbewu kwenziwa ezinsukwini ezingama-60 - 65 ngaphambi kokutshala endaweni ehlala njalo, ukubalwa kwesikhathi sokuhlwanyela kwenziwa kucatshangelwa izici zezulu zesifunda. Isibonelo, endaweni emaphakathi yeRussia, le nqubo ingaqala ngasekupheleni kuka-March - ekuqaleni kuka-April. Ukukhetha kwenziwa esigabeni samaqabunga eqiniso ama-2. Naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi izinhlobonhlobo zijwayele esifundeni saseNtshonalanga Siberia, izithombo, uma kwenzeka kuba nesithwathwa, kufanele zimbozwe ngesembozo sefilimu kuze kube yilapho sezigxilile ngokugcwele. Ukuminyana kokutshala - izitshalo ezi-3 ngemitha yesikwele esingu-1. Ngemuva kokufika ngokubopha isihlahla, akufanele usiqinise. Emhlabathini ovulekile, ukukhula kukatamatisi kunqunyelwe ngemva kokwakhiwa kwe-inflorescences engu-5-6 (isikhathi esifushane sasehlobo, amabhulashi ambalwa okudingeka uwashiye), endaweni evaliwe - emva kuka-8. Ungakha ku-1 noma 2 iziqu, ukususa zonke izingane zokutholwa ezingenasidingo. Ukunisela kufanele kube kuhle, kodwa kungabi ngokweqile. Kungcono ukusebenzisa i-drip irrigation system yokuthambisa. Isiko liyasabela kumanyolo omhlaba wonke.

Umfuyi waseSiberia V.N. UDederko waziwa kakhulu kubalimi baseRussia. Ngenxa yomsebenzi wakhe, izinhlobo ezimangalisayo zamatamatisi zazalwa. Phakathi kwabo, Koenigsberg, owanqoba izici zayo. Isicelo sokubhaliswa kwayo safakwa ngo-2003, safakwa kuRejista Yombuso Yezimpumelelo Zokuzala yeRussian Federation cishe eminyakeni emi-2 kamuva - ngo-2005. Kuvunyelwe ukutshala kuzo zonke izifunda zaseRussia. Kunconyelwe iziza zengadi, izingadi zasekhaya namapulazi amancane. Ifanele ukutshalwa endaweni evulekile, kodwa ibonisa imiphumela emihle ku-greenhouse. Hhayi ihybrid.

  • izithelo zenani eliphakeme zingathuthwa ibanga elide, zibekezelela isitoreji kahle;

Isitshalo asinqunyelwe, singafika kumamitha ama-2 ukuphakama. Isiqu siqinile, amaqabunga aphakathi. Amaqabunga ohlobo lwamazambane, aluhlaza okotshani, ashintshanayo, aphuzi, athobile. Isiqu namahlumela kuthe uku- pubescent. Isistimu yezimpande inamandla impela, ingena ezingqimbeni ezijulile zomhlaba. Izimbali eziphuzi ziqoqwa kuma-inflorescence alula. Ibhulashi lesithelo sokuqala libekwe phezu kweqabunga le-12, elilandelayo - njalo ngamashidi ama-3. Ibhulashi ngalinye linama-ovari angu-3-6. I-Peduncle ene-aticulation.

Okusha okuphinki - lezi zinhlobo ezingaphansi zivele muva nje, ziphakathi nesizini ngokwemibandela yokuvuthwa. Isitshalo asinqunyelwe, sisuka ku-1.5 kuya ku-1.8 amamitha ukuphakama, sidinga i-garter nokubunjwa. Ngokuma kwawo okude, utamatisi ufana nopelepele, alinganayo, aminyene, anesikhumba esiqinile. Umbala ubomvana. Isisindo kufika ku-200 amagremu. Ukuma okude futhi, ngokuvamile, isisindo esiphansi, kwenza utamatisi abe lula kakhulu ukucwiliswa okuphelele. Isivuno salezi zinhlobonhlobo muhle kakhulu, kukhona ukumelana nezifo ezinkulu.

  • isivuno sezithelo zohwebo ezivuthiwe esifundeni saseNovosibirsk singama-56%;

Izithelo ze-Koenigsberg zichazwa njenge-pepper-shape, efana nesitshalo seqanda esinwetshiwe, kodwa kungcono kakhulu ukubhekisela kuRejista Yombuso Yezinhlobonhlobo zeRussian Federation, ekhombisa ukuma kwe-cylindrical. Ingaphezulu likatamatisi lide kancane. Ingaphezulu lesithelo liyalingana, isikhumba sibushelelezi futhi siyacwebezela, siqinile impela. Utamatisi ongavuthiwe unombala oluhlaza okhanyayo, ongenabala elimnyama esihlangeni, ovuthiwe unombala obomvu ogqamile. Ngokuyisisekelo, isisindo sihluka kusuka ku-155 - 230 amagremu, kodwa ngezinye izikhathi kunezibonelo ze-300-gram. I-pulp iminyene ngokumaphakathi, inamanzi, kodwa ayinamanzi, inyama, imbewu encane, inani lezidleke lingu-3-4. Ukunambitheka kuhle kakhulu. I-pulp inoshukela-omuncu, iphunga elimnandi.

I-striped - lezi zinhlobo ezincane zase-Koenigsberg zinemibala eyingqayizivele. Esimweni esivuthiwe, izithelo zidwetshwe ngokubomvu, umbala we- integumentary ukhona ngendlela yemigqa ephuzi. Isisindo esijwayelekile sikatamatisi singamagremu angu-200. Ukukhiqiza kuhle kakhulu, isitshalo sakha ama-ovari amaningi. Izimfanelo zokunambitha zinhle kakhulu. Utamatisi asetshenziswa ngendlela yawo yemvelo, afanele ukucwiliswa.

 

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  • utamatisi ovuthiwe umelana nokuqhekeka;

I-Koenigsberg iwutamatisi oyingqayizivele onezinzuzo eziningi. Umlimi ukhangwa isivuno esihle kakhulu ngobuchwepheshe bezolimo obulula. Ukuzivumelanisa nezimo okuphezulu kukuvumela ukuthi ukhule utamatisi endaweni evulekile, ngisho nasezifundeni ezinehlobo elifushane nelipholile. Ngenxa yezinhlobonhlobo ezikhona, kungenzeka ukudala iqoqo lonke lezitshalo ezinemibala ehlukene yezithelo kanye nama-nuances athile ezindaweni zokunambitha. Futhi kulula ukusabalalisa izinhlobo zakho ozithandayo ngokuqoqa imbewu kuzo ngokwakho.

  • ukumelana notamatisi ezifweni ezinkulu ze-nightshade nezinambuzane kuphezulu;
  • isitshalo sinokumelana okuhle nokushisa okushisayo, ukumelana nokushisa, sibeka izithelo ngisho nasesimweni sezulu esipholile;
  • isikhathi sokuthela sase-Koenigsberg sinwetshiwe, isitshalo sivuthwa kuze kufike kuqhwa, ngakho-ke isitshalo kumele silinganiselwe ngesikhathi sokukhula ukuze ama-ovari avele avuthwe;

Ngokusemthethweni, izinhlobonhlobo zibhekwa maphakathi nesizini, kodwa ngenxa yesikhathi esengeziwe sokubunjwa kwezithelo nokuvuthwa, kungcono ukuhlelela njengendawo ephakathi nendawo futhi, uma kungenzeka, ukutshala endaweni ehlala njalo kusenesikhathi.

Ukuphakama kwesitshalo kufika ku-200 cm
Utamatisi Koenigsberg - ukutshala

Ividiyo encane:

  • amandla amakhulu okukhiqiza;

Nokho, ezinye iziphetho mayelana nezinhlobonhlobo zingafinyelelwa. Okokuqala, ukubuyekezwa kuqinisekisa uhla olubanzi kakhulu lwesivuno - kusuka ku-4 utamatisi kuya ku-10 kg isitshalo ngasinye. Okwesibili, wonke umuntu uthanda ukunambitheka kwezithelo. Okwesithathu, ezifundeni eziningi, izinhlobonhlobo ze-Koenigsberg zitshalwa kangcono ku-greenhouse.

Engase ithele ngempela - ngisho nasekuchazweni kwezinhlobonhlobo ze-Koenigsberg, isivuno sisuka ku-4.6 siye ku-20 kg / m2. Isivuno esinjalo sijwayelekile ikakhulukazi kuma-heterotic hybrids, kepha ezinhlobonhlobo akuvamile. Nokho, amandla asadingeka afezeke, futhi lokhu akulula ngaso sonke isikhathi.

  • ukumelana nokushisa.
  • ubuchwepheshe bezolimo obuyinkimbinkimbi uma kuqhathaniswa.
  • ukunambitheka okuhle kakhulu kwezithelo;

Abukho ubufakazi bokumelana nezifo
Utamatisi "Kenigsberg" - isithombe

Utamatisi "i-Kenigsberg" i-cylindrical, enesisindo kusuka ku-155 kuya ku-300 amagremu, abushelelezi, abomvu. Izidleke ezinembewu engu-3 noma 4. Ukunambitheka kuhle kakhulu: utamatisi ungasetshenziswa umusha, nakuba ngokuvamile uhloselwe ngokuyinhloko ukucwina.

Uma kuqhathaniswa nezithombo zezinye izinhlobo, izithombo zikatamatisi zibukeka zibuthakathaka, kodwa lokhu akusho neze ukuthi kufanele zondliwe njalo - lokhu kuyindlela yazo evamile. Landela izincomo ezijwayelekile zokutshala izithombo zikatamatisi ekhaya.

Izithelo ziyi-cylindrical, zibushelelezi, zinesisindo esingamagremu angu-300, zibomvu
Utamatisi "Kenigsberg" - izinhlobonhlobo ezikhiqiza kakhulu

Incazelo Ehlukahlukene

Izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg zadalwa ngu-Vladimir Nikolaevich Dederko, u-Olga Postnikova no-Alexander Yabrov. Izinhlobonhlobo zabhaliswa kuRejista Yezimpumelelo Zokuzalela ngo-2005. Umsunguli kanye nomnikazi welungelo lobunikazi nguVladimir Dederko.

Isikhathi sokuvuthwa maphakathi nesizini namaphakathi nasekupheleni kwesikhathi

  • isikhathi eside sokuvuthwa nokuvuthwa;

Isivuno, njengoba sekushiwo kakade, sisukela ku-4.6 kuya ku-20 kg ngemitha yesikwele. Ukwandisa umkhiqizo, kungcono ukwenza impova ngokwenziwa izitshalo: I-Koenigsberg ngokwayo ngokuvamile ayibeki izithelo eziningi kakhulu.

Ukunambitheka kuhle kakhulu. Ukuhlaziya izibuyekezo mayelana notamatisi wase-Koenigsberg kuyisijeziso sangempela. Ngezizathu ezingaziwa, imbewu yayo ivame ukuthengwa kubaqoqi futhi ithathwe kubantu obajwayele. Kamuva, izinto eziningi ezihlukene futhi ngokuvamile ezingalindelekile zikhula kusukela kulezi zimbewu. Imibono mayelana nalawa utamatisi iba yisisekelo sezibuyekezo eziningi.

Izinhlobonhlobo azikwazi ukumelana nokushisa.

  • ilungele ukulinywa endaweni evulekile;

15.02.2017

Utamatisi "Kenigsberg" - izinhlobonhlobo ezikhiqiza kakhulu

I-inflorescence yokuqala ibekwe phezu kweqabunga le-12, elilandelayo - ngemuva kwamashidi ama-3. Ibhulashi lilula, i-peduncle ichazwe. Izithelo ezingafika kweziyi-10 zingaboshelwa ebhulashini elilodwa, kodwa kaningi kufika ku-7.

"I-Kenigsberg" ivunyelwe ukutshala kuzo zonke izifunda zaseRussia ezindaweni ezizimele nasemapulazini amancane. Idizayinelwe indawo evulekile, kodwa ku-greenhouse inikeza isivuno esiphezulu ngokuqhubekayo ngenxa yenkathi yokuvuthwa enwetshiwe kakhulu. Ibhulashi lokuqala phezu kweshidi le-12 seliphuze kakhulu ngisho nangamazinga amaNdiya. Yiqiniso, "Inhliziyo ye-Bull" ithatha isikhathi esengeziwe (futhi siyitshala noma kunjalo), kodwa ... ngokuvamile, kungcono ku-greenhouse.

Ukuminyana kokutshala - kufika ku-3 izitshalo ngemitha yesikwele. Njengoba izihlahla zinde, kungcono ukunikeza indawo eyengeziwe ukuze izitshalo zikhanyise kahle. Kungcono ukwakha isiqu esisodwa noma ezimbili, ucindezela iphuzu lokukhula esiqwini sesibili ngemva kweqabunga elilandela i-inflorescence yokuqala.

Utamatisi Koenigsberg

Izinzuzo

"I-Kenigsberg" iyinhlobonhlobo yamatamatisi amade. Ukuphakama kwesitshalo kufika kumamitha ama-2. Iziqu zincane, kodwa zinamagatsha, amaqabunga makhulu, aluhlaza okotshani ngombala.

isinqunyiwe sohlobo

Ukunambitheka kukatamatisi kuhle kakhulu. Inyama yabo imnandi, inomunyu obonakala kancane. Isakhiwo se-pulp siminyene, sinamanzi futhi sinamanzi kakhulu, kodwa asinamanzi, sinenani elincane lembewu. Iphunga lamajikijolo licebile futhi linongwe, liseduze ne-classic. Lolu hlobo lungokwezinhlobonhlobo zemvelo, ngakho-ke ludliwa lusha, lufakwe ethinini, lucutshungulwe lube amajusi, okokugqoka namazambane abunjiwe. Utamatisi omncane kuphela ofanele ukucwiliswa kwezithelo ezigcwele. Utamatisi unezimfanelo ezinhle kakhulu zokukhetha.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, utamatisi ubonakala ngokuqukethwe okuphezulu kwezinto eziwusizo zokulandelela.

Ukuhlwanyela imbewu kwenziwa izinsuku ezingama-55-60 ngaphambi kokutshala izihlahla engadini. Imbewu ihlungwa kusengaphambili futhi ihlanjululwe ngesisombululo esilula se-potanganum permanganate. Izithombo zivela ezinsukwini ezingama-5-8 ngemuva kokuhlwanyela. Izihlahla zikhula kahle ekamelweni elifudumele nelikhanyayo. Esigabeni sokuvela kwamaqabunga ama-2-3, ukuntywila kungenziwa (ukuhlala izihlahla ezinkomishini ezihlukene). Isonto ngaphambi kokutshala endaweni ehlala njalo yokukhula, kunconywa ukuqinisa izitshalo, okuzokwenza kube lula inqubo yokujwayela izimo ezintsha.

Ingatshalwa endaweni evulekile engxenyeni yesibili kaMeyi, lapho umoya nomhlabathi ufudumala, futhi isithwathwa sasebusuku sesivele ngemuva. Isihlahla sithathwa njengesilungele ukufakelwa kabusha, ukukhula kwaso kufinyelela ku-25-30 cm.

Utamatisi Koenigsberg

Isiko litshalwa ngokutshala izithombo. Izinhlobonhlobo azifani neze nenhlabathi, kodwa ubuchwepheshe bezolimo kufanele bubhekwe ngokugcwele. Indawo kufanele isuswe ukhula, imbiwe, ethuthukisa ukuphefumula kwenhlabathi, yondliwe nge-phosphorus. Into eyinhloko ukuthi ayikho imimoya enamandla kanye nemidwebo.

Ukunakekelwa okuphelele kwesiko le-nightshade kuhlanganisa: ukuchelela, ukukhulula kanye nokumboza inhlabathi, ukuvundisa, ukubumba, ukumpintsha nokubopha isihlahla, kanye nezinyathelo zokuvimbela ukuvikela ekuhlaselweni kwezinambuzane namagciwane.

Lolu hlobo lumelana kakhulu nezifo eziningi zezitshalo ze-nightshade (i-late blight, top and root rot). Njenge-prophylaxis nokuvimbela ukuhlasela kwama-aphid, amabhere noma amabhungane, ukufafaza ngamalungiselelo akhethekile kungenziwa.


Ukumelana nezifo kanye nezinambuzane

Isivuno sezinhlobonhlobo siphezulu impela. Ukugcina yonke imithetho eyisisekelo yobuchwepheshe bezolimo, ungathola isivuno esikhulu. Ngokwesilinganiso, kusuka ku-4.6 kuya ku-20 kg katamatisi avunwa kusuka ku-1 m2 ngesizini. Uma ulinganisa isivuno ngamabhakede, okuvame kakhulu izakhamuzi zasehlobo, khona-ke isihlahla esisodwa sinikeza amabhakede angu-2-3 agcwele.

Ngenxa yokumelana nokucindezeleka okukhulu, lezi zinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi zingatshalwa ngempumelelo kunoma iyiphi indawo yezulu yaseRussia, Ukraine naseMoldova. Ezifundeni ezikude ezisenyakatho, utamatisi utshalwa ezindaweni zokugcina izithombo zefilimu.

Lesi sitshalo sinikezwe ukumelana okuphezulu nezinhlekelele zezulu ezahlukahlukene. Akesabi isomiso eside, ukushisa ngokweqile, ukwehla okukhulu kwezinga lokushisa, kanye nezimvula ezinkulu. Okuwukuphela kwesici esingokwemvelo esithinta kabi utamatisi umoya onamandla.

Incazelo Ehlukahlukene

Lezi zinhlobonhlobo zavela ngenxa yomsebenzi weqembu labafuyi baseSiberia eliholwa ngu-V.N. Dederko ngo-2003. Isiko lafakwa kuRejista Yombuso Yezimpumelelo Zokuzalela eRussia ngo-2005. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ukuhlukahluka kwavunyelwa ukusetshenziswa. Utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg uyanconywa ukuthi ulinywe ezweni lonke. Izinhlobonhlobo, okungeyona i-hybrid, zilinywa kahle endaweni evulekile, futhi kancane kancane ezindlini zokugcina izithombo.

Izici zokunambitha

115
ukusetshenziswa okusha, kwe-ketchup ne-tomato unama

Ukuvuthwa nokuthela

Kubalimi abavela ezifundeni ezinehlobo elipholile nelifushane, ukutshala utamatisi kuwumsebenzi onzima, ngoba udinga ukukhetha ngokucophelela izinhlobonhlobo ezihambisana nezimo ezikhulayo. Enye yezinto ezifanele isitshalo se-nightshade esiyingqayizivele - i-Koenigsberg, esiheha ngobuchwepheshe bezolimo obulula kanye nesivuno esihle.

Ukuminyana okunconyiwe kokutshala yizihlahla ezi-3 nge-1 m2 ngayinye. Ungasebenzisa noma yisiphi isikimu sokufika, akunandaba ngempela.

Izimfanelo main izithelo

Uhlolojikelele lokubuyekezwa

Imigomo yokutshala izithombo nokutshala emhlabathini

Umlando wokuzalanisa

Dederko V.N., Yabrov A.A., Postnikova O.V.

Iphethini yokufika

Isitshalo sase-Koenigsberg siyisihlahla eside sohlobo lokukhula olungapheli. Lesi sitshalo sifinyelela ubude buka-150-180 cm. Ngaphandle, izihlahla zikatamatisi zifana nesihlahla esincane esilungiswe kahle. Isihlahla sibonakala ngokuqina okuhle okunamaqabunga amakhulu, aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, izimpande eziqinile ezicwiliswe emhlabathini, iziqu ezinamandla namagatsha ambozwe ngonqenqema olukhanyayo, kanye nama-inflorescence alula anezimbali eziphuzi ezikhanyayo. Amajikijolo avela ezihlahleni eziphakeme ukusuka emhlabathini - i-inflorescence yokuqala itholakala ngaphezu kweqabunga le-12. Kuboshelwa utamatisi ofinyelela ku-5-6 ebhulashini ngalinye.

Ngenxa yobude, lesi sitshalo sidinga ukwakhiwa sibe yiziqu ezi-2, sicindezela phezulu, i-garter eyisibopho ekusekelweni nasekususweni njalo kwezingane zokutholwa ezintsha. Ngaphezu kwalokho, abalimi abanolwazi batusa ukusika amaqabunga aphansi.

Veza

Izinhlobonhlobo ziphakathi nesizini. Kuthatha izinsuku eziyi-115 kusukela ngesikhathi sokuhluma okugcwele kuya ekuvuthweni kwezithelo zokuqala. Isikhathi se-fruiting sinwetshwa kancane, okukuvumela ukuthi ukhethe utamatisi omusha kuze kube yiqhwa. Ungakwazi ukunambitha utamatisi kusukela engxenyeni yesibili kaJulayi, kodwa isigaba esisebenzayo se-fruiting senzeka ekupheleni kwehlobo. Izithelo zivuthwa kancane kancane, ngakho-ke akunakwenzeka ngaso sonke isikhathi ukuzisusa ngamabhulashi aphelele.

56%

Imelana nezimo zezulu ezimbi

Izifunda ezikhulayo

Ukutshala nokunakekelwa

Isivuno sezithelo ezidayiswayo,%

I-Tomato Koenigsberg imele isigaba sezinhlobo ezinezithelo ezinkulu. Ngokwesilinganiso, ijikijolo lizuza isisindo samagremu angu-155-230. Utamatisi omkhulu kakhulu ukhula engxenyeni engezansi yehlathi. Izithelo zinesimo esingajwayelekile - i-cylindrical (i-plum-shaped, i-pepper), okusikhumbuza kancane isitshalo seqanda. Utamatisi ovuthiwe unombala olinganayo obomvu ngokugqamile, futhi utamatisi ongavuthiwe unombala oluhlaza okhanyayo ongenabala elimnyama esisekelweni. Isikhumba sikatamatisi sibushelelezi, sicwebezela kancane, sinamandla kakhulu, esihlinzeka ngokuvikeleka ekuqhekekeni, futhi siqinisekisa ukuthuthwa kanye nokugcinwa isikhathi eside kwamatamatisi, okungavamile kumajikijolo anezithelo ezinkulu.

Utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg utshalwa ngentokozo yibo bobabili abalimi abanolwazi nabaqalayo. Lokhu kungenxa yokuthi izinhlobonhlobo zilula ukuzinakekela, zivumelanisa ngokushesha nezimo ezikhulayo, zinikeza isivuno esiningi nesizinzile. Ngaphezu kwalokho, utamatisi usetshenziswa emhlabeni wonke, obonakala ngephunga elimnandi kanye nokunambitheka okuhle kakhulu, okusha nokusemathinini. Abalimi abatshala imifino ngenjongo yokuthengisa bakhangwa ukwethulwa kobuhle kwesithelo, ukugcinwa kwekhwalithi isikhathi eside kanye nokuthuthwa ngaphandle kokulahlekelwa.

Phakathi kokushiyeka, umuntu angabona ukuvuthwa isikhathi eside kwamajikijolo, kanye nokungakwazi ukulondoloza utamatisi ophelele - izithelo zinkulu.

I-Koenigsberg utamatisi omise okwenhliziyo odumile. Yakhuliswa abalimi baseSiberia ukuze balinywe ezindaweni ezihlukahlukene zezulu. I-Tomato Koenigsberg, ngokusho kwencazelo yezinhlobonhlobo, izithombe nezibuyekezo, inezinhlobonhlobo eziningana: igolide, isimo senhliziyo, esisha futhi esinemigqa. Ake sicabangele ngokuningiliziwe izici eziyinhloko zezinhlobonhlobo, izici zokulima nokunakekelwa.

Okuqukethwe

  1. Izinhlobonhlobo ezihlukahlukene
  2. Igolide
  3. I-Cordate
  4. pink entsha
  5. Inemithende
  6. Izithombo ezikhulayo
  7. Ukukhetha indawo yokupaka
  8. Ukutshala nokunakekelwa
  9. Izibuyekezo

Izinhlobonhlobo ezihlukahlukene

Kunezinhlobo ezi-4 zezinhlobonhlobo ze-Koenigsberg, ezithole ukuqashelwa kubalimi.

Igolide

I-Mid-season, ithela kakhulu, ilungele ukukhula endaweni evulekile nasezindlini zokugcina izithombo.

Izici zeBush Isilinganiso sobude besitshalo singamamitha angu-1.5.
Izici zezithelo Izithelo zinwetshiwe, ziqoqwe ngamabhulashi wezingcezu ezi-5-6 ngesisindo esijwayelekile esingamagremu angama-300. Izithelo zokuqala zikhulu, isisindo sazo singama-450-500 amagremu, isisindo sokugcina asikho ngaphezu kwama-250 amagremu. I-pulp katamatisi iminyene, inamanzi, inenani elincane lembewu. Ukunambitheka kwe-Koenigsberg yegolide kunothile futhi kumnandi. Izithelo zisetshenziselwa ukusetshenziswa okusha, ukufakwa kwezithelo ezigcwele.





I-Cordate

Ibonakala ngokuvuthwa okumaphakathi. I-Koenigsberg emise okwenhliziyo ikhulise ukumelana nezifo ezinkulu zikatamatisi. Ibekezelela izimo zezulu ezimbi kahle.

Izici zeBush Izinhlobonhlobo ezinkulu ze-Koenigsberg. Uhlobo lokukhula alunqunyelwe.
Izici zezithelo Izithelo zipinki ngokujulile ngombala nombala obomvu kancane. Ngobuchwepheshe obufanele bezolimo, ukunakekelwa okufika ngesikhathi, isisindo sesithelo esijwayelekile sifinyelela ku-1 kg. Izithelo ziyinyama, zimnandi, zinephunga elimnandi likatamatisi. Utamatisi usetshenziselwa ukwenza ijusi katamatisi, izikhala zokuthunga.







pink entsha

Ibanga eliphakathi nesizini lokukhethwa kwe-amateur. Okubalulekile utamatisi omuhle usethe ezimeni zokugcina ukushisa. Kusukela ngesikhathi sokuvela kwezithombo kuya ekuvuthweni kukatamatisi wokuqala, kudlula izinsuku eziyi-100-110.

Izici zeBush Izihlahla zohlobo olungenamkhawulo lokukhula kuze kufike ku-1.8 amamitha ukuphakama.
Izici zezithelo Izithelo zipinki, zimise okwepelepele, zinesisindo esingamagremu angama-200. I-pulp iminyene, inamanzi, ihle kakhulu ezinhlotsheni ezahlukahlukene zokukhenikha. Ngokuya kobuchwepheshe bezolimo, isivuno sifinyelela ku-4 kg esihlahleni esisodwa.

Inemithende

Ngokwezimpawu ezimenyezelwe kanye nencazelo yohlobo oluhlukahlukene, utamatisi onemigqa yase-Koenigsberg uphakathi nesizini. Izinhlobonhlobo zihlonishwa ngesivuno esiphezulu kanye nombala wezithelo zokuqala.

Izici zeBush Uhlobo lokukhula olunganqunyelwe. Izinhlobonhlobo zikatamatisi i-Koenigsberg ezinemigqa isetshenziselwa ukutshala ezindaweni zokugcina izithombo.
Izici zezithelo Utamatisi ubonakala ngesimo esithile se-cylindrical, ube nobuso obushelelezi. Esigabeni sokuvuthwa kobisi, aluhlaza, uma esevuthiwe, abomvu anezimpawu zemigqa yobude obuphuzi. Isilinganiso sesisindo sezithelo singama-250-300 amagremu. Izithelo zifaneleka ukwenza amasaladi amasha, ukuwafaka.

Izithombo ezikhulayo

  1. Ukulungiswa komhlabathi. Ingxube yomhlabathi yezithombo ezikhulayo ilungiswa kusuka ezingxenyeni ezilinganayo:
    • i-humus,
    • i-peat,
    • isihlabathi somfula.

Inhlabathi ibuye ihlanganiswe ne-superphosphate kanye nenani elincane lomlotha. Uma kungabikho ithuba lokuzihlanganisa ngokwakho kwengxube yenhlabathi, ungasebenzisa noma iyiphi i-substrate yendawo yonke ukuze ukhule izithombo zezitshalo zemifino nezimbali.

  1. Ukushisa imbewu. Ngaphambi kokuhlwanyela, imbewu yaseKoenigsberg inconywa ukuthi ishiswe kuqala. Abekwe phezu kwesibani sesibani noma ibhethri eliphakathi nendawo. Imbewu yembewu ishiswa amahora angu-3-5.
  2. Ukuhluma imbewu. Ngemuva kokufudumala, imbewu ingahluma uma kunesidingo. Zifakwa esosweni nge-napkin, zithelwe ngamanzi afudumele. Amanzi akufanele awamboze ngaphezu kwesigamu. Kanye ngosuku, amanzi kufanele ashintshwe abe amasha.

Iseluleko! Ukusheshisa ukuhluma nokuthuthukisa izinga lokuhluma, isikhuthazi sokukhula singengezwa emanzini acwiliswayo:

  • "Epin",
  • "Zircon",
  • amaconsi ambalwa ejusi eqabungeni elisha lenhlaba.

  1. Ukuhlwanyela imbewu. Ngemuva kokuhlwanyela, imbewu ihlwanyelwa ekujuleni kuka-1 cm. Ngaphambi kokuhluma, amabhokisi ambozwa ngepulasitiki, izinga lokushisa ngalesi sikhathi ligcinwa ngaphakathi + 20-25 ° C. Ngemuva kokuvela kwamahlumela, ifilimu isuswa ngokushesha, futhi amabhokisi ngokwawo ahlelwa kabusha endaweni ekhanyiswe kahle.
  2. Ukuqina kwezithombo. Ngaphambi kokutshala emhlabathini, izithombo zaseKoenigsberg kufanele ziqiniswe. Izimbiza zikhishwa usuku lonke ukuze zifakwe umoya omusha, kuvulandi, kuveranda. Ezifundeni eziningi zaseRussia, isikhathi esifanele sokufika endaweni evulekile ukuphela kukaMeyi - ekuqaleni kukaJuni.

Ukukhetha indawo yokupaka

Isivuno sikatamatisi wase-Koenigsberg sincike ekutheni indawo yokutshala ikhethwe kahle kangakanani. Inhlabathi evundile nenesihlabathi enothe nge-humus engathathi hlangothi futhi ene-acidic kancane ifaneleka kangcono ekutshaleni utamatisi. Ukuze utamatisi, ama-loams anzima kanye nenhlabathi enendawo eseduze yamanzi angaphansi komhlaba ayifanele neze.

Ngaphambi kokutshala, kufakwa umquba obole kahle noma umquba emigodini ngesilinganiso sika-2-3 kg ngemitha yesikwele yendawo.

Qaphela! Akunakwenzeka ukwenza umquba omusha katamatisi. Inani elikhulu lezinto eziphilayo ezingavuthiwe lithinta kabi ukukhula kwezitshalo, linomthelela ekwakhiweni kwezifo zokukhunta.

Izanduleli ezinhle kakhulu zokutshala utamatisi:

  • u-anyanini;
  • okusanhlamvu;
  • ukhukhamba;
  • iklabishi;
  • isaqathe.

Akunconywa ukutshala utamatisi emva kwezinye izitshalo ze-nightshade, njengoba zinenani lezifo ezifanayo.

Ukutshala nokunakekelwa

Izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg zidinga ukunakekelwa okujwayelekile.

  1. Ukunisela. Lapho kushisa, nesomiso, izitshalo ziniselwa kakhulu ngaphansi kwempande. Ukunisela okuphezulu kubaluleke kakhulu ngesikhathi sokuqhakaza kanye nokugcwaliswa kwezithelo. Phakathi nesikhathi sokuvuthwa, sincishiswa sibe sincane noma simiswe ngokuphelele. Umswakama omningi uzodala ukuthi utamatisi uqhekeke.
  2. Ukugqoka okuphezulu. Cishe amasonto ama-2 ngemuva kokutshala, ngesikhathi sokwanda okukhulu kwenqwaba yemifino, abalimi abanolwazi bondla utamatisi ngokufakwa okuvutshiwe kwe-nettle noma i-mullein. Lokhu kunomthelela ekuthuthukisweni kwezihlahla eziqinile, ezihlala isikhathi eside. Ukugqoka okuphezulu okulandelayo kwenziwa ngesikhathi sokubekisa nokuthuthukiswa kwebhulashi lesithelo. Ukuze wenze lokhu, sebenzisa ingxube ye-urea, superphosphate ne-potassium sulfate. Ama-fertilizer akhiqizwa ngokugcwele ngokuhambisana nezichasiselo ezinamathiselwe.
  3. Ukwakheka. Izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg zidinga ukwakheka okuphoqelekile kwezihlahla. Lokhu kusiza ukunciphisa ukukhula kwesisindo seqabunga futhi kujwayele inani lamabhulashi. Utamatisi i-Koenigsberg yakheka ngesiqu esi-1, kancane kancane koku-2.
  4. Ukususwa kwezingane zokutholwa kwenziwa ngemva kokuba zifinyelele ubude buka-3-4 cm Ukuze ukususwa okungenabuhlungu nokuvimbela ukukhula kabusha, iziphunzi kufanele zishiywe. Ukupinwa kungakafiki isikhathi kunciphisa kakhulu isivuno, kubambezele isikhathi sokuvuthwa. Inani elikhulu lamaqabunga linciphisa ukungena komoya, lidala izimo ezivumayo zokuthuthukiswa kwezifo zokukhunta, ukubola okuhlukahlukene.
  5. I-tomato yase-Koenigsberg iyinhlobonhlobo enkulu, ngakho-ke, ekupheleni kuka-August, iphuzu lokukhula kwe-apical liyasuswa kuwo futhi ingxenye yamaqabunga aphansi ayasuswa. Lokhu kusheshisa ukuvuthwa kukatamatisi. Ngokusho kokubuyekezwa, labo abatshala, bakhule lezi zinhlobonhlobo, akufanele kukhishwe amaqabunga angaphezu kuka-2-3 ngesikhathi. Uma kungenjalo, ngenxa yokuncipha okubukhali kokuhwamuka komswakama emaqabunga, utamatisi uqala ukuqhekeka.

Ukuvuna utamatisi kwenziwa esimweni sezulu esomile nesifudumele. Izithelo ezisesigabeni sokuvuthwa kobisi nokuluhlaza ngokuphelele zivunwa ngokwehlukana. Angasetshenziselwa ukuvuthwa okwengeziwe. Ukuze wenze lokhu, zibekwe endaweni eyomile, emnyama nefudumele. Utamatisi ogciniwe kufanele uhlelwe ngezikhathi ezithile, ukhethe utamatisi ovuthiwe futhi obolile.

Ukutshala utamatisi i-Koenigsberg ayihlukile kakhulu endleleni evamile yokutshala utamatisi. Izinhlobonhlobo zinokunambitha okuhle, azidingi kakhulu futhi zifanelwe ukunakwa.

Izibuyekezo

Ngezansi kukhona ukubuyekezwa kwabalimi abakhule lezi zinhlobonhlobo. Ungashiya eyakho imibono kumazwana.

Irina, esifundeni saseMoscow

Ngikhule iGolden Koenigsberg endaweni ebamba ukushisa. Cishe zonke izithelo zaphulwa yiphuzu, nakuba izinhlobo ezi-3 ezisele zaziphelele. Ukunambitheka kuyinto evamile, kodwa cishe kwakungekho lutho lokuzama. Bathi utamatisi wewolintshi unempilo kakhulu, kodwa ngehlulekile.

Igor, eMoscow esifundeni

Angizange ngibole phezulu. Wabuye wakhula iGolden Koenigsberg. Uma kunengozi yokubola kokuphela kwembali, udinga ukunisela nge-calcium nitrate! Utamatisi muhle, owolintshi, ukunambitheka okumnandi kakhulu. Isivuno sihle kakhulu - ebhulashini, utamatisi ama-5 anesisindo esingu-200 g ngalinye.

Evgenia, Perm

Ngikhule e-Koenigsberg ebomvu. Bengikuthanda ukunambitheka, kodwa isivuno isilinganiso. Ayikho injabulo. Ngiyaqhubeka nokubheka izinhlobonhlobo ezihlwabusayo nezikhiqizayo.

Irina, MO

Ngesikhathi sokuqala ngatshala i-Koenigsberg yegolide. Super ezihlukahlukene! Wakhula waba ngamamitha angu-1.3. Isivuno sihle kakhulu, ukunambitheka kuphezulu - uswidi ocebile onomuncu omncane. Ngesizathu esithile, kwakukhona amaqabunga awela phansi, ekuqaleni ngangikhathazekile, kodwa lokhu akuzange kuthinte utamatisi nganoma iyiphi indlela. Ngizotshala okuningi. Intandokazi! Sengivele ngithenge i-Koenigsberg ne-Southern Tan, angikwazi ukulinda usuku lokutshala. Ungadubula ekwindla bese usadla, balale kahle.

Nelly, Volzhsky

Bengilokhu ngikhulisa uhlobo olusagolide lwe-Koenigsberg kusuka ku-sibsad unyaka wesibili ku-greenhouse ngeziqu ezi-2. Umbala osawolintshi omuhle kakhulu! Utamatisi unwetshiwe, i-pulp iminyene, kukhona ijusi encane nembewu, okumnandi, bayozala kahle. NgoSepthemba ziba mancane, kodwa hhayi kakhulu. Amaqabunga athe njo, isihlahla ngokwaso siqinile.

Alena K.

Ngikhule i-kenningsberg emise okwenhliziyo endaweni ebamba ukushisa. Ukuphakama - 1.9 amamitha. Utamatisi uboshwe ngokuphelele. Utamatisi unambitheka kakhulu, unambitheka, umnandi, imbewu embalwa.

Utamatisi omnandi, omangalisayo nje. Nakuba isivuno kulo nyaka singazange sijabulise, ngizotshala kakhulu. Mhlawumbe kukhona okungalungile engikwenzile. Kodwa ngisho nenani lezithelo eselikhulile laliwufanele umsebenzi otshalwe kuzo.

Lolu hlobo lwatshalwa okokuqala. Utamatisi unambitheka kakhulu, unenyama, umkhulu. Kodwa abanye bashaywa ukubola okuphezulu futhi izithelo zaqhekeka. Kodwa ngisafuna ukuqhubeka nokutshala lezi zinhlobonhlobo.

Ungathenga imbewu katamatisi "Kenigsberg" kumdayisi

Ngincoma ukutshala utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg kulabo abazisa ukunambitheka kukatamatisi kunesivuno esiphezulu. Ukuma okuhle kwesithelo kuzojabulisa iso.

Kunconywa ukuhlwanyela imbewu yalezi zinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi ngezithombo izinsuku ezingama-60-65 ngaphambi kokutshala okuhlosiwe emhlabathini. Dive - esigabeni samaqabunga eqiniso ama-2. Lapho utshala izithombo endaweni ehlala njalo nge-1 sq. imitha ibekwe izitshalo ezingafinyelela kwezi-3.

buyela kunkomba ↑

Izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg, ividiyo

Lezi zinhlobonhlobo zifakwe kuRejista Yombuso yeRussian Federation ngeziza zengadi, izingadi zasekhaya namapulazi amancane okulinywa endaweni evulekile.

Isivuno sikatamatisi i-Koenigsberg: kufika ku-15 kg wezithelo nge-1 sq.m yokutshala (ngokuya ngezinqubo zezolimo).

Incazelo kanye nezici utamatisi Koenigsberg, ukubuyekezwa, izithombe

Izinzuzo ezihlukahlukene: isivuno esikhulu, izithelo ezinhle ezibekwe ku-greenhouse, ikhwalithi enhle yokugcina.

  • Izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg, ividiyo

TomatLand25 775 ukubukwa25 ukubuyekezwa Okuhle
: umumo, usayizi, ukunambitheka okuhle kakhulu, okuthelayo.

Enye yezinhlobonhlobo engizikhonzile ngokuya ngokunambitheka, okumnandi, okunenyama. Ngeke ngisho ukuthi inezithelo kakhulu, ngingathanda okwengeziwe, kodwa lokhu kungase kube iphutha lami. Ngiyithanda kakhulu futhi sengineminyaka engaphezu konyaka ngiyikhulisa, into engingayithandi ngayo ukubukeka kwayo, amahlamvu ayaxega, ama-queer futhi lokhu kukulolu hlobo kuphela, kodwa ngeke ngiyeke. ukuyitshala futhi ngibuye ngeluleke nabanye.

Impendulo yakho ngotamatisi wase-Koenigsberg kanye nezengezo encazelweni kuzosiza abalimi abaningi ukuba bahlole lezi zinhlobonhlobo ngendlela enengqondo kakhudlwana futhi banqume ukuthi bayayitshala noma cha.

I-Cons: isabela ekuntulekeni kwe-potassium, ithintwa ukubola kokuphela kwembali.

Isihlahla esingafika kumamitha ama-2 ukuphakama, sidinga i-garter ekusekelweni nasekuphineni. Imiphumela emihle kakhulu yatholakala lapho isitshalo sakhiwe ngeziqu ezi-1 no-2. Iqabunga lalo tamatisi likhulu, liluhlaza ngokukhanyayo. I-inflorescence ilula. I-inflorescence yokuqala ibekwe phezu kweqabunga le-12, okulandelayo emva kwamaqabunga ama-3.

Ithandile futhi.

utamatisi Koenigsberg isithombe sezithelo ezivuthiwe

isithombe ngu-Evgeny Balashov

Uma utshale utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg, sicela ubhale ukuthi uwuthandile noma cha? Sasiyini isivuno kanye nokunambitheka kwesithelo? Ingabe uzophinde uzikhulise? Ungakukala kanjani ukumelana nezifo kwalolu hlobo? Chaza kafushane izinzuzo nezingozi zalo tamatisi ngokubona kwakho, linganisa ukunambitheka. Uma kungenzeka, namathisela ekuhlaziyeni isithombe saso sonke isihlahla noma izithelo ngazinye ezitshalwe nguwe. Ngiyabonga!

Egorova Tamara Ivanovna

Izinhlobonhlobo zimnandi kakhulu, bengizitshala ku-greenhouse unyaka wesine. Umama uyabathanda nje. Inyama, imnandi, ilungele amasaladi.

Ukunakekelwa okwengeziwe kwamatamatisi kuqukethe ukuchelela ngesikhathi, ukususwa kokhula, ukuphina, ukufaka umquba ngomanyolo oyinkimbinkimbi wamaminerali kanye nezinyathelo zokuvimbela ukuvikela isitshalo ezifweni nasezinambuzaneni.

Isizini emaphakathi, engapheli (ukukhula okungenamkhawulo), izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi ezikhiqizayo ezivela kubalimi baseSiberia. Kunconyelwe ukukhula ezindlini zokugcina izithombo kanye nomhlabathi ovulekile nge-garter ekusekelweni nasekuphineni.

I-Koenigsberg imise okwenhliziyo

3.64 ku5

Uma kuqhathaniswa nezinye izinhlobo, ngiphume sekwephuzile, angikhiqizi. Golden Kenegsberg futhi ngaphambili futhi tastier kakhulu. Uma itshalwe, khona-ke kungcono.

Ngibhala ngenjabulo ukuthi ngithande ngempela lezi zinhlobonhlobo, ezihlwabusayo ngokungavamile, naphezu kwesimo sezulu esingesihle kakhulu kuleli hlobo lemvula, okuwukuphela kwezinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi ezingazange zibe mnyama kusuka kumswakama owedlulele futhi azizange ziqhekeke. Umakhelwane wanginika zona, wayenezihlahla eziyisi-6 ezengeziwe, engimbonga kakhulu ngazo. Manje uhlobo lwe-Koenigsberg lungenye yezintandokazi zami.

  • Incazelo kanye nezici utamatisi Koenigsberg, ukubuyekezwa, izithombe

Izithelo ziyi-cylindrical, ziqoqwe ngamabhulashi amancane, ngisho, aminyene, abomvu ngombala ekuvuthweni, anesisindo esingamagremu angu-150-300 (ngokuvamile ngaphezulu), anamanzi, amnandi kakhulu. Lawa matamatisi asetshenziswa ngezindlela ezihlukahlukene - alungele kokubili ukusetshenziswa okusha kanye nokulondolozwa.

etshalwe okokuqala, ngayithanda ngempela ukunambitheka, mhlawumbe okumnandi kunakho konke engikutshalile, nakuba isivuno sisesilinganisweni

utamatisi koenigsberg yisithombo isithombe

isithombe nguTatyana Seredenina

  • nisela isiko kuphela ngamanzi afudumele futhi kusihlwa,

  •  Lawa matamatisi amade adinga i-garter. Kulezi zinhloso, kusetshenziswa izikhonkwane noma ama-trellises. Ukunakwa okukhethekile kukhokhwa kulezo zihlahla ezikhula endaweni evulekile, ngoba imimoya enamandla ingabaphula.

Naka ngokukhethekile inhlabathi katamatisi wase-Koenigsberg. Kufanele kube okuxekethile, okunomsoco, omswakama (kodwa ngokulinganisela), kufudumele ngokwanele futhi kuphathwe nge-potanganum permanganate noma amanzi abilayo.

  • Utamatisi Obomvu Koenigsberg. Lolu hlobo lukhula kokubili ku-greenhouse nasendaweni evulekile. Inikeza izithelo ezivuthiwe ngoJulayi-Agasti. Inezihlahla ezinde kakhulu, ezivame ukukhula zibe ngamamitha amabili. Utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg obomvu uthela izithelo eziningi. Izithelo ezivuthiwe zomumo ode, zimbozwe ngesikhumba esibomvu, esicwebezelayo. Izithelo zinkulu ngosayizi. Banokunambitheka okuhle kakhulu nempilo ende yeshalofu. I-Tomato Koenigsberg ebomvu ibonakala ngokuphikelela kakhulu, ibekezelela ngokuphelele izimo zezulu ezimbi kanye nezici zangaphandle.

Isitshalo esithandwa kakhulu nesivamile sokukhula phakathi kwezakhamuzi zasehlobo nabalimi bamatamatisi. Kunezinhlobo eziningi zezinhlobonhlobo zikatamatisi, futhi zivuselelwa njalo ngemikhiqizo emisha. I-Tomato Koenigsberg ingenye yezinhlobo ezinhle kakhulu esigabeni sayo. Izinhlobonhlobo zafuywa abalimi baseSiberia ngokukhethekile ukuze bakhule eSiberia, kodwa kamuva kwavela ukuthi uzizwa emuhle kuwo wonke amagumbi ezwe. Lo utamatisi ukubekezelela ngokuphelele kokubili amakhaza, nokushisa, nesomiso, unokuzivikela okukhulu ezifweni nasezinambuzaneni eziyingozi. Izinzuzo ezibaluleke kakhulu zezinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg, futhi ineziningi zazo, yilezi: ukunambitheka okumnandi, isivuno esikhulu sikatamatisi wase-Koenigsberg, izindinganiso ezimangalisayo zokudla okunomsoco. Kulesi sihloko, sizohlaziya lezi zinhlobonhlobo ngokuningiliziwe, zonke izinzuzo nezingozi zayo, futhi sibone indlela yokukhula nokuzinakekela.

  • Utamatisi omise okwenhliziyo. Izithelo ezinkulu zekhilogremu zalezi zinhlobo ezincane azisona isixazululo esihle kakhulu sokukhenisa, ngakho-ke ngizisebenzisa ngenkuthalo kumasaladi, amasoso kanye nefomu eluhlaza. Uma kungenjalo, lezi zinhlobo zezilwane cishe azihlukile kwezinye izinhlobo.

Izimfanelo zokunambitha zezithelo zikatamatisi wase-Koenigsberg ziyamangalisa, ingaphakathi liyinyama, limnandi futhi linephunga elimnandi. Inokumelana okuhle kakhulu nezifo, kanye nokuhlaselwa yizinambuzane. Izinhlobonhlobo ze-Koenigsberg zidinga ukuchelela njalo nokufaka umanyolo; ukunakekelwa kwekhwalithi kubalulekile kuwo. Ezihlahleni, kubalulekile ukuncinza iphuzu elikhulayo, kanye ne-stepson.

Le mifino itshalwa endaweni evulekile nasezimeni ezibamba ukushisa. Izithelo zikhula zifike ku-230 amagremu, zinkulu kakhulu ngosayizi, kepha imifino emikhulu kakhulu yakheka engxenyeni engezansi yesitshalo, futhi ingavuthwa ifike ku-900 amagremu, futhi phezulu, ngokulandelana, utamatisi omncane onesisindo esingamagremu angama-300. Izithelo zimise okweqanda futhi zibukeka njengenhliziyo ebude. Isithelo simbozwe ngesikhumba esiminyene esicwebezelayo.

Isici esibaluleke kakhulu sezinhlobonhlobo ukuthi cishe amaphesenti angu-100 angesabi izifo nezinambuzane . Kodwa ezinyathelweni zokuvimbela, kuyadingeka ukufafaza izihlahla ngesisombululo se-phytosporin.

Ukutshalwa kwezinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg empeleni akuhlukile ekutshalweni kwezinye izinhlobo zeqembu elingapheli. Njengoba kushiwo ngenhla, lezi zinhlobo zingatshalwa kokubili ku-ridge naku-greenhouse kanye ne-greenhouse. I-Tomato Koenigsberg ijwayele zonke izimo.

Utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg wehluka ngokuyinhloko kwezinye izinhlobo zamatamatisi aseSiberia ngoba awuyona i-hybrid. Lesi siko singokwezinhlobo zezitshalo ezingapheli futhi, nge-garter eqhubekayo ku-trellis, ikhula ibe ngamamitha amabili ukuphakama. Amahlamvu alolu hlobo makhulu, athobile, anohlobo lwamazambane. Inama-inflorescences alula, i-ovary yokuqala yenziwa ngemuva kwamaqabunga ayi-11-12. Izinhlobonhlobo zeCarpal, kubhulashi elilodwa zikhula zibe yizithelo ezingama-6-7.

Utamatisi we-Orange Koenigsberg: isithombe

  • Izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg zitshalwe ngeziqu ezi-1-2, kanti amahlumela asele ahlala encinzwa.
  •  Ngemva kokunisela noma imvula ngayinye, inhlabathi ezungeze izihlahla kufanele ikhululwe ukuze inikeze ukufinyelela komoya ohlelweni lwezimpande zikatamatisi wase-Koenigsberg.

Izithombo emva kokutshala akufanele ziniselwe izinsuku ezingu-10 ukuze izimpande zikwazi ukumila kahle endaweni entsha.

  • izitshalo zondliwa ngomanyolo onokuqukethwe okuphezulu kwe-potassium.

Utamatisi Koenigsberg: izici ezikhulayo

Yebo, kunezimo ezingavamile kakhulu lapho isitshalo sihlaselwa ukubola okumpunga noma okulimaza sekwephuzile (amabala amnyama avela emaqabunga). Bese uthatha izinyathelo ezilandelayo:

Utamatisi we-Koenigsberg omise okwenhliziyo: isithombe

Mayelana nokuvuthwa, utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg uzibonakalisa njengophakathi kokuvuthwa, isivuno sikatamatisi sase-Koenigsberg sitholakala ezinsukwini eziyi-115-120. Kusukela kumitha yesikwele ngayinye, ungaqoqa kufika kumakhilogremu angama-21 emifino evuthiwe.

Njengoba ubona, incazelo nezici zikatamatisi wase-Koenigsberg ziqukethe ikakhulukazi amanye ama-pluses, njengoba lesi sitshalo ngokuvamile asinawo ama-minus. Lesi sitshalo semifino sithela izithelo ezinhle kakhulu, isivuno sikatamatisi wase-Koenigsberg muhle kakhulu, lo tamatisi awunaso nhlobo i-capricious futhi awudingi umzamo omkhulu ekunakekeleni, ubekezelela izikhathi ezibandayo kanye nesomiso ngokuqinile.

Utamatisi Koenigsberg: ividiyo mayelana nezinhlobonhlobo

Inzuzo yezinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsbreg ukuzithoba. Utamatisi i-Koenigsberg ayidingi ukunakekelwa okukhethekile. Izidingo zokunakekelwa eziyinhloko yilezi:

  • izingxenye ezilimele zesitshalo ziyasuswa,

Utamatisi Koenigsberg: izithombe ezihlukahlukene

  • I-Tomato Koenigsberg idliswa okungenani izikhathi ezintathu ngesizini. Ukuze wenze lokhu, sebenzisa ama-mineral complexes, ubulongwe benkomo obubolile, kanti abanye basebenzisa umquba, umlotha ojwayelekile.

Izifo nezinambuzane zezinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg

I-Sot tomato i-Koenigsberg yathola ukuthandwa phakathi kwezakhamuzi zasehlobo nabalimi ngokushesha kangangokuthi ososayensi kwadingeka bakhiphe ezinye zezinhlobo zayo ezingaphansi. Nazi ezidume kakhulu kuzo:

  • Njalo ezinsukwini eziyi-10-12, utamatisi uyadingeka ukwenza izinyathelo zokuvikela engcupheni yezifo nokuhlasela kwezinambuzane eziyingozi. Ukuze benze lokhu, basebenzisa amakhemikhali akhethekile futhi basebenzisa amakhambi esintu.

 

Sekuyiminyaka eminingi ngitshala izinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg. Anginayo i-greenhouse kanye ne-greenhouse, ngakho-ke sivele sitshale khona embhedeni wengadi. Izithombo ziqale zethuke futhi zicasulwe ukubukeka kwazo kwentwasahlobo, zase zijwayela, ikakhulukazi njengoba zishintsha kakhulu ngemuva kokufika onqenqemeni. Izihlahla zamatamatisi e-Koenigsberg zikhula ngokushesha kakhulu, futhi amaqabunga anda. Ngimila esiqwini esisodwa. Okuwukuphela kwento ukuthi ngitshala izithombo ezi-2 emgodini ngamunye. Izihlahla azikaze ziphathwe lutho, kodwa azilimazanga lutho. Ngakho-ke, ngeluleka wonke umuntu!

  • Utamatisi Golden Koenigsberg. Abantu babiza amabhilikosi aseSiberia. Inombala ophuzi, futhi, ngokufanelekile, imnandi kakhulu, njengoba kuyiqiniso elaziwayo ukuthi utamatisi ophuzi unoshukela omningi. Ibuye inikezwe inani elikhulu le-carotene, elibaluleke kakhulu emzimbeni womuntu. Futhi ngaphandle kwalokho, utamatisi wegolide wase-Koenigsberg kuzo zonke izici zensimbi ufana nezinhlobo ezichazwe ngenhla.

Elena, Tambov

  • Qiniseka ukuthi isihlahla sengane yokutholwa njalo ezinsukwini eziyi-14, izingane zokutholwa kufanele okungenani zibe ngamasentimitha amathathu ubude. I-Pasynkovanie yeka lapho izihlahla zakhiwe ngokugcwele.

Utamatisi wegolide waseKoenigsberg: isithombe

  • Ukumboza nge-mulching kuyadingeka ukuvimbela ukuqhekeka kanye nokomisa emhlabathini, futhi lokhu kuzosiza futhi ukuvikela utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg ekuboleni okuhlukahlukene kanye nokubola okuphuzile, izinambuzane.

Utamatisi we-Koenigsberg omise okwenhliziyo

  • Ukuze ugweme inani elincane elibucayi lama-ovari ku-greenhouse, udinga ukupholisa utamatisi ngokwakho.
  • Ukunisela kufanele kwenziwe njalo, kodwa kaningi. Kubalulekile ukuthi ungamanzisi iziqu namaqabunga esitshalo, ngakho-ke amanzi ngaphansi kwempande. Kunzima ukumanzisa isitshalo, ngenxa yezimpande zaso ezinde kakhulu, kuzoba nesomiso esiningi.

Imbewu katamatisi yohlobo lwe-Koenigsberg iqala ukuhlwanyelwa izithombo ekuqaleni kukaNdasa. Ngaphambi kwalokho, babulawa amagciwane esixazululweni esibuthakathaka se-manganese; ungaphinda uwacwilise ubusuku bonke kusikhuthazi sokukhula ukuze kukhule kahle nokuthuthuka. Inhlabathi yezithombo yenziwa ixege futhi ibe nomsoco. Imbewu elungisiwe itshalwa ekujuleni kwesentimitha. Ungakwazi ukucwilisa isitshalo lapho kuvela amaqabunga ama-3 kuso. Unganaki ukubukeka kwalesi sithombo sikatamatisi njengoba sibukeka singaphili futhi sibuthakathaka. Lesi yisici sesici salolu hlobo kuphela, ungasabi. Emasontweni amabili ngaphambi kokutshala izithombo emhlabathini, kufanele kuqiniswe. Ngemuva kwezinsuku ezingaba ngu-50-55 emva kokuhluma, utamatisi angadluliselwa ku-greenhouse, futhi endaweni evulekile ngemva kwezinyanga ezimbili.

Utamatisi Koenigsberg: ukubuyekezwa kwezinhlobonhlobo zamatamatisi

Utamatisi Koenigsberg: izici zokunakekela

Ngokunakekelwa kwekhwalithi, utamatisi wase-Koenigsberg uzokujabulisa ngesivuno esihle kakhulu, esihlwabusayo kanye nempilo ende yeshalofu, eyivelakancane emifino emikhulu kangaka. Baphinde baphiwe ikhono lokuthutha. Isizathu esiyinhloko sokukhula okuhle kwalotamatisi eningizimu yezwe ukuthi lesi sitshalo sinikezwe uhlelo lwezimpande oluthuthukisiwe olunamandla, oluqondiswe phansi. Izithelo zalezi zinhlobonhlobo zisetshenziswa kabanzi ekulungiseleleni amazambane abunjiwe, amasoso namajusi, kanye nasesimweni esisha, esingacutshungulwanga. Kodwa ngokufaka amathini, akufanelekile ngokuphelele, ngenxa yobukhulu obukhulu besithelo.

Utamatisi Koenigsberg obomvu: izithombe ezihlukahlukene

Ngokuvamile, zonke izinhlobo zalezi zinhlobonhlobo zifana nezici zazo, idatha yangaphandle kuphela ehlukanisayo.

Utamatisi Koenigsberg: incazelo ehlukahlukene kanye nezici


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