Ungakhuphula kanjani isivinini se-inthanethi

Ukwandisa isivinini se-inthanethi

Isivinini esihle se-inthanethi, noma kunalokho, ukudluliswa kwedatha nokwamukelwa ngesiteshi sokuxhumana esizinikele, kuyisici esiyinhloko ekululameni komsebenzisi Wewebhu. Kuthinta ukudlalwa okulungile kwamafayela evidiyo nawomsindo, isikhathi sokulayisha amakhasi esipheqululini, ukulanda amamuvi nomculo. Abadlali bamageyimu abadlala imidlalo ye-inthanethi bancike ngokuqondile kulesi sikhombisi, esinganquma kakhulu kunejubane lokusabela.

Ngokwenza, isikhathi lapho inani elithile ledatha lidluliselwa ngaso sonke isikhathi alihambisani nemingcele eshiwo ngumhlinzeki - ukudluliselwa akuzinzile (ukuntanta, bese kukhula, bese kuncipha). Yini ethinta ushintsho kumapharamitha weNethiwekhi nokuthi ungakhuphula kanjani ijubane le-Intanethi uma yehla kakhulu noma igxuma njalo, funda.

Izizathu eziyisi-9 zokuxhumeka okuhamba kancane nokuthi zingalungiswa kanjani

Emafulethini, izikhungo zamabhizinisi, izakhiwo zamahhovisi, ubuchwepheshe bokudlulisa idatha ngezintambo (ipheya esontekile, intambo yocingo ye-DSL, amanethiwekhi e-fiber optic) asetshenziswa kakhulu. Isignali edluliswa ngekhebula inefrikhwensi ethile. Ngokuvamile, ikhebula lesigaba 5a lisetshenziselwa ukuhlela amanethiwekhi anezintambo, omkhawulokudonsa wawo ungu-100 MHz. Isiginali ingafinyelela ukudluliswa kwedatha nesivinini sokulayisha ifayela esingafika ku-1 Gbps.

Ukusebenza okungazinzile noma ukwehla kwesignali kungabonwa kokubili ngephutha lomhlinzeki, futhi ngenxa yezilungiselelo ezingalungile zemishini yezobuchwepheshe nezenzo zomsebenzisi. Ubuchwepheshe be-VPN obudumile namuhla - ukubethela kwesignali okunikeza ukungaziwa kunethiwekhi - kungandisa kakhulu isikhathi sokuthumela nokwamukela idatha, njengoba ikhompiyutha idinga isikhathi esengeziwe sokuxhuma kumaseva angaphandle, icele futhi icubungule idatha etholiwe (ngalesi sizathu, ikhompyutha idinga isikhathi esengeziwe sokuxhuma kumaseva angaphandle, icele futhi icubungule idatha etholiwe (ngenxa yalesi sizathu), amakhasi esiphequluli avuleka kancane, amawebhusayithi athatha isikhathi eside ukulayisha). ). Kodwa ukwehla kwejubane le-inthanethi ekhaya noma ehhovisi kwenzeka ngenxa yezinye izizathu.

Imikhawulo yohlelo lwentela

Ngaphambi kokuphothula isivumelwano nomhlinzeki, kuyadingeka ukucacisa isivinini sokuxhuma okuzisholo. Abahlinzeki abaningi be-inthanethi basekhaya banezintela ezimbalwa ezihlukanisa inani lokudluliswa kwedatha kanye nenani lemali yokubhalisa. Uma ziphansi izindleko zesevisi yezokuxhumana, i-inthanethi ihamba kancane. Ngakho-ke, kuyatuseka ukuthi ufunde lonke umugqa wezindleko zenkampani, ukhethe iphakheji engcono kakhulu yentengo noma usheshise i-Intanethi.

Uma udinga ukukhulisa isivinini, esihlala sincipha noma sinyamalale kungazelelwe, kungcono ukushintsha intela yomhlinzeki iye kwelula kakhulu nangaphambi kokusayina inkontileka ukuze uthole ukubuyiselwa okuphezulu. Ngokuzayo, kungcono ukuvuselela inkontileka ngemibandela evuma kakhudlwana (inkampani ephakelayo kufanele ikuthumelele isithembiso esinezinketho ezimbalwa ongakhetha kuzo noma usheshise ithrafikhi usebenzisa izindlela ezitholakalayo).

Izisetshenziswa zenethiwekhi ezihamba kancane

Esinye isizathu esivamile sokuhamba kancane kwesivinini se-inthanethi impahla yenethiwekhi engalungile. Efulethini noma ehhovisi, abasebenzisi baxhuma kuNethiwekhi ngezindlela ezimbili - ngqo ngekhebula noma i-adaptha engenantambo. Ukuxhumeka okuqondile kwekhompyutha ngekhebula lenethiwekhi kunikeza ukudluliswa kwedatha okushesha kakhulu okumenyezelwe umhlinzeki. Ngenxa ye-router, ungakwazi ukubona kaningi ukuthi isikhathi sokudluliswa kwedatha nokulanda ifayela sikhuphuke ngo-10-20%.

Ukuze uthole ukuthuthukiswa ekusebenzeni kwemishini yenethiwekhi, kufanele uqale uxhume kuNethiwekhi ngokushintshana ngekhebula nomzila, ukala isikhathi sokulanda amafayela kuzo zombili izimo. Uma isiphequluli sisebenza ngokushesha ngekhebula, udinga ukulungisa kabusha, ukhanyisa kabusha irutha noma ushintshe umzila ube omusha.

Inombolo yamadivayisi axhunyiwe

Njengasefulethini elinezintambo ezindala, ukukhanya kuyacisha lapho izinto zikagesi ezimbalwa zikhanyiswa ngesikhathi esisodwa, ngakho-ke isivinini se-inthanethi siyehla lapho kuxhumeke amadivayisi ambalwa angaphandle. Uma inethiwekhi ye-WiFi eyodwa kuphela ezinikezele isebenza efulethini, futhi amakhompyutha amathathu, amaphilisi amabili nama-smartphones amahlanu axhunywe kuyo ngesikhathi esisodwa, khona-ke ithrafikhi izosatshalaliswa ngokwemvelo phakathi kwabo.

Kulokhu, izinga lokudlulisa i-MB lizoba lincane, noma lizonyamalala kusihlwa, lapho wonke umuntu ebuya emsebenzini/ekutadisheni futhi engena ku-inthanethi ndawonye. Amadivayisi anamandla kakhulu kwesinye isikhathi angavimba amanye ngokuphelele. Ukuze uthole ukuthi yonke i-traffic iya kuphi noma uhlole ukuthi mangaki ama-megabytes idivayisi ngayinye "idla", ungawacisha ngamunye ngamunye futhi ubuke izinguquko (uma inethiwekhi ibuyiselwe lapho i-smartphone icishiwe, kodwa isivinini ayizange yehle, inkinga ikule divayisi).

Ukwandisa imingcele yeNethiwekhi, into yokuqala okufanele uyenze ukulungisa kahle imishini efulethini, mhlawumbe uxhume isiteshi sokuxhumana esengeziwe esibhanqiwe nesiyinhloko noma ushintshe imingcele ye-router. Khona-ke i-intanethi endlini izosebenza ngokushesha.

Izinhlelo zokulwa namagciwane zisebenza kanjani kukhompuyutha

Ngokuvamile, isivinini esiphansi se-Inthanethi siwumphumela womsebenzi wezinhlelo ezifakiwe, kanye namagciwane. I-Anti-Virus, esebenza ngemodi evamile, ihlale iskena idatha etholiwe emithonjeni yangaphandle ukuze ithole amafayela anonya. Kwesinye isikhathi ngisho nokusebenza okujwayelekile kwe-antivirus kudla inani elikhulu le-RAM, okuthinta ikhono ledivayisi lokuhlaziya ngokushesha idatha etholiwe.

Isiphequluli esilayishwe kakhulu

Ngezinye izikhathi impendulo elula yombuzo wokuthi ungakhuphula kanjani isivinini se-intanethi ukuhlola izilungiselelo nokusebenza kwesiphequluli ngokwaso. Lolu wuhlelo ofinyelela ngalo iWebhu kumasayithi ahlukene. Izizathu zokuthi kungani isivinini sangaphambilini sanyamalala noma sehla:

  • inani elikhulu lezandiso ezifakiwe;
  • amathebhu amaningi kakhulu avuleka ngesikhathi esisodwa;
  • ukukhombisa izikhangiso;
  • ifolda yenqolobane evalekile.

I-Cache - amakhophi wamafayela alandiwe esipheqululini, agcinwe kumemori yesikhashana yekhompiyutha - imbangela evame kakhulu yezinkinga ngesivinini se-inthanethi, esingavimba ngokuphelele isiphequluli. Kulula ukuyibuyisela - vele usule inqolobane usebenzisa izinketho ezijwayelekile zesiphequluli noma ushintshe izilungiselelo zokulondoloza amafayela esikhashana. Ngemuva kwalokho, izilungiselelo zokuxhuma kufanele zisheshe.

Ungakwenza kanjani lokhu usebenzisa isibonelo se-Yandex Browser, bheka isibalo esingezansi:

Ukwandisa isivinini se-inthanethi

Isofthiwe eyisiminzi

Izinhlelo ezifakwe kukhompuyutha zingabangela nesivinini esiphansi se-inthanethi. Eziningi zazo zingagijima ngemuva, zithathe ingxenye enkulu yethrafikhi. Izithunywa ezisheshayo ezahlukahlukene ongakaze uzisebenzise isikhathi eside (ithi, ICQ), zonke izinhlobo zama-ejenti we-Mail.ru nezinye izinhlelo ezidinga ukuxhumana neWebhu - konke lokhu kulayisha i-PC, kuthinta isivinini se-inthanethi esingenayo nesiphumayo.

Ukuze unqume ukuthi kungani ijubane le-inthanethi lehlile futhi uthuthukise ukusebenza kweNethiwekhi, iya kokuthi Isiphathi Somsebenzi (chofoza kwesokudla kubha yesimo ngaphansi kwesikrini). Yiya kuthebhu ethi "Izinqubo" bese uvala, uma kukhona:

  • I-TeamViewer;
  • i-viber;
  • skype;
  • I-Chrome (uma kuba nemigqa eyimpinda eminingi).

Lezi zonke izinqubo ezisebenza zifihliwe ekunakeni kwakho, kodwa zithatha izinsiza eziningi. Izithunywa zinganciphisa kakhulu umsebenzi we-PC, ngakho-ke kungcono ukuzifaka ocingweni noma kuthebhulethi lapho kusebenza khona i-4g. Lokhu kuzothuthukisa ukusebenza kwekhompyutha yakho futhi kuqondise ithrafikhi endaweni efanele.

Ukusebenza kwekhompyutha

Izinkinga kukhompuyutha ngokwayo ngokuvamile zenza ukuthi isivinini se-inthanethi sehle ngokuzumayo. Ukuzinza nokusebenza kwe-PC noma ikhompuyutha ephathekayo kungase kuthinte isikhathi sokwamukela nokudlulisa i-MB. Umsebenzi ofihliwe wamagciwane, ikhadi levidiyo elibuthakathaka, insiza encane ye-RAM, idrayivu "evaliwe" ye-C ithatha izinsiza eziningi kusuka kudivayisi, futhi ngeke isakwazi ukukhonza ngokugcwele i-adaptha yenethiwekhi noma isiphequluli.

Ubude bekhebula lenethiwekhi

Kubalulekile ukuthi ubude bentambo esuka kumzila wakho noma indawo yokufinyelela kudivayisi bungabi ngaphezu kwamamitha angu-50. Ubude bekhebula buyinto ebaluleke kakhulu ethinta ithrafikhi, kodwa kunamapharamitha amaningi amancane ayithintayo. Ngokuvamile, lezi yizici ezingezinhle, lapho kungenzeka khona ukusungula izizathu eziyinhloko zejubane eliphansi le-Intanethi.

Izinkinga ngasohlangothini lomhlinzeki

Ngokuvamile kunezimo lapho ijubane elibi le-inthanethi liyiphutha lomhlinzeki uqobo. Inkampani ehlinzeka ngefulethi lakho ngokuxhumana okunezintambo noma okungenantambo ingamane yehluleke ukufeza izibopho zayo. Imishini endala, ukucushwa okungenamsebenzi kwemingcele yenethiwekhi yangaphandle kuyisizathu esivamile sokuthi isivinini se-inthanethi kukhompuyutha ephathekayo siphansi noma asihlangabezani nemingcele eshiwo kunkontileka.

Xhuma i-smartphone yakho kwimodi yemodemu kukhompyutha bese uqhathanisa nezinkomba zomhlinzeki (bona ukuthi mangaki amamegabhayithi atholiwe futhi adluliswa). Uma idatha ihluke kakhulu, khona-ke lesi yisizathu sokushintsha inkampani yomphakeli, ubuyekeze intela ku-Rostelecom noma omunye umhlinzeki.

Hlola isivinini sakho se-inthanethi ngezindlela eziyi-11

Ilungiselela Ukwenyusa Isivinini Se-inthanethi

Ukwandisa isivinini se-inthanethi

Ngaphambi kokwenyusa isivinini se-inthanethi kukhompuyutha noma ithebhulethi yakho, landela izinyathelo ezimbalwa ezilula:

  • Linganisa isivinini samahhala esingenayo nesiphumayo soxhumano lwasekhaya usebenzisa insiza yethu ye-inthanethi futhi uyiqhathanise nentela yakho (ungasebenzisa izinsiza ze-Rostelecom ukuhlola). Uma kukhona ukungezwani kudatha etholiwe, xhumana nabosekelo lobuchwepheshe be-ISP yakho ubabuze ukuthi kungani isivinini se-inthanethi siphansi. Ngokuzayo udinga ukuvuselela inkontileka ngeminye imigomo noma ushintshe inkampani.
  • Setha ukusebenza okulungile kwemishini yenethiwekhi, lungisa kabusha imodemu noma irutha ngokulandela imiyalelo ukuze ubuyisele ukusebenza kahle kweNethiwekhi. Kungase kudingeke ukwengeza isikhulisi sesignali esingenantambo emishinini yokusebenza okuzinzile.
  • Faka isivikeli magciwane esithembekile (okungcono kunelayisensi) futhi uskene uhlelo lwakho olungayilungele ikhompuyutha.
  • Qiniseka ukuthi ikhompuyutha yakho noma ithebhulethi inezinsiza ezanele (ngezinye izikhathi i-RAM ephansi noma ikhadi levidiyo elibi liyimbangela yezinkinga zedivayisi) ukuze ubuke amavidiyo akho owathandayo noma uthole isignali ye-4G.
  • Faka futhi ulungise isiphequluli esihle, hlola ngokucophelela amabhokisi okuhlola owahlolayo (lokhu kubalulekile ukuze ugweme ukufaka uhlelo lwenkampani yangaphandle oluvame ukulayishwa kanye nohlelo oluyinhloko futhi lungangeza "udoti" omningi ku-PC yakho).

Ireferensi: isivinini esiphezulu se-inthanethi eRussia nasemhlabeni

Ukwandisa isivinini se-inthanethi

Njengamanje, isilinganiso esijwayelekile sokudluliswa kwedatha emhlabeni singamaMbps angu-100. Isivinini esikhulu se-inthanethi phakathi kwamazwe athuthukile singu-154 Mbps eSingapore, okukuvumela ukuthi ulande imuvi ye-HD ngemizuzwana embalwa. Ngisho namazwe anjengeSouth Korea (125 Mbps), iHong Kong (117 Mbps) ne-Iceland (110 Mbps) angaphansi kwayo.

Ngokuqondene neRussia, leli zwe likleliswe endaweni yama-40 ngokwesilinganiso sesivinini sokuxhuma ku-inthanethi. Kodwa lezi izibalo ezimaphakathi: izifunda ezihlukene zisebenzisa ubuchwepheshe obuhlukene, futhi obuthuthuke kakhulu kubo bugxile kakhulu ezifundeni ezimaphakathi. Namuhla ungathola abahlinzeki abahlinzeka ngoxhumano olusuka ku-100 ukuya ku-300 Mbps, futhi isivinini se-inthanethi esiphezulu kakhulu e-Russia simenyezelwa ngenani eliphakeme elingu-500 Mbps.

Imibuzo ejwayelekile ukubuzwa

Yini okufanele uyenze uma ijubane ligxuma?

Sihlola umsebenzi Wenethiwekhi kumadivayisi ahlukene. Uma kwehlile noma kugxuma kubonwa kukhompyutha, nakuthebhulethi, nasocingweni, noma kusihlwa kuphela, khona-ke sifuna izizathu zejubane eliphansi le-Intanethi emishinini yenethiwekhi. Uma kungekho ukuthuthukiswa, silungisa kabusha i-router nemodemu, uma kunesidingo, faka i-amplifier yesignali engenantambo. Uma ushintsho lungabonwa noma isivinini sehle nakakhulu, udinga ukukhononda kumhlinzeki, noma sifuna umhlinzeki wesevisi yezokuxhumana omusha.

Konke kusebenza kahle, kodwa amakhasi alayisha kancane

Inqolobane yesiphequluli evalekile kanye nenani elikhulu lezandiso zesiphequluli yizo ezinganciphisa isivinini se-inthanethi kaningi (amakhasi esayithi avuleka kancane, athathe isikhathi eside ukulayisha). Ukusheshisa, udinga ukusula inqolobane usebenzisa inketho yesiphequluli esijwayelekile. Uma usebenzisa i-VPN mahhala, setha indawo yeseva yangaphandle ibe "efanele".

Ungakusheshisa kanjani ukulanda ku-Mediaget

Ukuthola ukusheshisa kwe-Intanethi, sibheka imiyalo yevidiyo:


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