I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu - ikhula kusuka embewini. Kanjani

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi i-flax iyisitshalo esingenasizotha esingakhula emhlabathini ompofu emthunzini oyingxenye kanye nelanga, kodwa ukuze kutshalwe ukukhiqiza, kuyadingeka ukudala izimo ezifanele zesitshalo:

Ngemuva kokuqhakaza, iziqu zefilakisi zithwesa amabhokisi amancane ngembewu evarnished, eyisicaba. Ngokuvamile ibhokisi elilodwa liqukethe imbewu engaba ngu-10, esetshenziselwa ukusabalalisa izitshalo nokwenza amafutha e-linseed.

  • I-Flax enwabuzelayo isitshalo esiphansi esifika ku-40 cm ukuphakama. Inhloso enkulu yesitshalo esineziqu eziningi ukukhiqizwa kwembewu.

Izinhlobo zokuhlobisa zefilakisi ezinezimbali ezinhle zifanele ukukhula ezitshalweni nasezitsheni.

I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu isitshalo esithandekayo ezindaweni ezinelanga.

Ukukhula kwefilakisi esikalini sezimboni kuhilela ukusetshenziswa kwezinhlobonhlobo zezitshalo eziningana:

  • Izinsuku zokuhlwanyela - ukuthola isivuno sefilakisi ngezinjongo zezimboni, ukuhlwanyela imbewu kwenziwa ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo. Imbewu iyakwazi ukuhluma ekushiseni kuka +5-6C, izithombo ziyakwazi ukubekezelela isithwathwa sesikhashana.

Ukumelana nefilakisi emakhazeni kuvumela ukuhlwanyelwa kwezitshalo ngaphambi kobusika endaweni evulekile. Kubaluleke kakhulu ukuvimbela ukugcwala kwamanzi emibhedeni ukuze imbewu ingaboli emhlabathini omanzi. Ukuhlwanyela i-podzimny yefilakisi yonyaka kukuvumela ukuthi uthole izitshalo eziqhakazayo ngasekupheleni kwentwasahlobo.

Izinhlobo zokuhlobisa zefilakisi (zonyaka kanye nezingapheli) zihlukaniswa ngokungathobeki kwazo, izitshalo zihluma ndawonye zisuka embewini enokufakwa okungajulile emhlabathini. Izitshalo eziqhakazayo zigcwele ubuhle, izinhlobo ezingapheli ezifika eminyakeni engu-5-6 zingakhula endaweni eyodwa ngaphandle kokuhlukanisa isihlahla nokutshala kabusha.

Izimbali zefilakisi zigcwele ubuhle - amacembe asongwe aluhlaza sasibhakabhaka aqhakaza ekuqaleni kwehlobo. Ngesikhathi sokuqhakaza, insimu yefilakisi ifana nesibhakabhaka esiluhlaza, umbala omsulwa kangaka wezimbali zasendle ohlanganiswe nomoya wezinkondlo, ngakho-ke inani elikhulu lezingoma zamathenda liye laqanjwa mayelana nensimu yefilakisi eqhakazayo.

Ifilakisi ehlwanyelayo ifinyelela ubude obufika ku-150 cm. Isiqu esiqondile sesitshalo esiluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka-oluhlaza siqala ukuhluma engxenyeni engenhla ngesikhathi sokwakheka kwama-inflorescences. Amaqabunga ambalwa amancane ahlelwe eduze kwesiqu ngendlela ye-spiral, ephakeme kuya kumqhele, amaqabunga abe mancane.

  • I-Flax perennial - esetshenziselwa ukuhlobisa izindawo ezinelanga zengadi. Ukuphakama kwezitshalo ezingapheli akudluli ku-30-40 cm, ngakho-ke izitshalo zitshalwa emagqumeni ase-alpine nasematsheni. Izimbali eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka zibukeka zizinhle eduze kwe-escholcia, i-aquilegia noma i-lavender phakathi kwezingcezu zamatshe emvelo. Ukukhula kusuka embewini akunzima ikakhulukazi; iflaksi ingahlwanyelwa ngqo emhlabathini ovulekile.
  • Ukwakheka kwenhlabathi - inhlabathi enesihlabathi, i-sandy loam. Ukwelashwa ngaphambi kokuhlwanyela kubaluleke kakhulu ekwandiseni isivuno.

I-Flax isitshalo saminyaka yonke somndeni weFlax. Isiko lafika eRussia livela emazweni ase-Asia. Emvelweni, i-flax ijwayelekile eMedithera nase-Indo-China, okwamanje lesi sitshalo sitshalwa kakhulu eYurophu, e-Asia, eNyakatho Melika naseNyakatho Afrika.

Ilineni: ukutshala nokunakekelwa

I-Flax iyisiko lamasu embonini yaseRussia.  Emakhulwini amaningi eminyaka, izinto zokusetshenziswa nemikhiqizo yefilakisi yaletha inzuzo kumgcinimafa waseRussia.

E-Russia, i-flax sekuyisikhathi eside itshalwa ukuze kukhiqizwe i-hemp ne-canvas.

  • I-fiber flax - ukuphakama kweziqu akudluli ama-cm angu-125. Isiqu sisodwa, amagatsha amancane. Ukuhlonishwa kwembali kuhlangene, kufika ku-20 cm ukuphakama. I-Flax yalezi zinhlobonhlobo ivuthwa ezinyangeni ezingu-2-3. Ukukhiqizwa kwezimboni, i-stem isetshenziswa, lapho ilineni lenziwe khona, umlilo wokukhiqiza izinto zokwakha. Imbewu yefilakisi isetshenziswa ekwenzeni imithi namafutha. I-Linen fiber isetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kwezindwangu zemvelo, iyimpahla eluhlaza ebaluleke kakhulu embonini yendwangu.

Okuqukethwe

    • Umlando wokukhula kwefilakisi
    • Ilineni: inkomba ye-botanical
    • Izinhlobonhlobo nezinhlobonhlobo
    • I-flax ekhulayo emhlabathini ovulekile
  • Ilineni: ukutshala nokunakekelwa

Izindawo ezingaphansi kwezitshalo zefilakisi emasimini aseRussia zanda kancane kancane. Phakathi nokubusa kukaPeter Omkhulu, ukutshalwa kwefilakisi nokucutshungulwa kwayo kwathola izinga lezimboni. Ukuze kusetshenziswe izinto zokusetshenziswa zelineni, kwakhiwa izimboni zokuluka, ezakhula ngokushesha ngenxa yama-oda wombuso. Umbusi waseRussia uPeter Omkhulu wayala ukuhwebelana neYurophu hhayi iflaksi eluhlaza, kodwa imikhiqizo eqediwe, ngakho abalimi baseRussia baqala ukukhiqiza izintambo, indwangu, intambo ye-hemp neminye imikhiqizo evela kutshani befilakisi nembewu.

Ngaphambi kokuhlwanyela imbewu, inhlabathi iyaniselwa, ilinganiswe nge-rake, emva kwezinsuku ezingu-2-3, ukuhlwanyela kwenziwa emhlabathini. I-Flax ingatshalwa ezitshalweni ukuqinisekisa ukuqhakaza kwezimbali zakuqala, kulokhu, imbewu kufanele ihlwanyelwe ngasekupheleni kukaFebhuwari emhlabathini ovaliwe.

Izinhlobonhlobo nezinhlobonhlobo

I-flax ekhulayo emhlabathini ovulekile

  • Ukuhlanzeka kwezinto zokutshala - imbewu yefilakisi, lapho ihlwanyela, kufanele ihlanzwe ukungcola kanye nembewu yokhula.

Izinhlobonhlobo zezinhlobonhlobo zefilakisi zivumela isitshalo ukuthi sisetshenziselwe izinjongo zezimboni nezokuhlobisa.

Imbewu yefilakisi ivuthwa phakathi nehlobo.

Esizeni, i-flax yonyaka enezimbali ezinkulu ihlwanyelwa emibhedeni ngo-Ephreli noma ngoMeyi, lapho isitshalo sitshalwa kamuva, lapho ukuqhakaza kuzohlala isikhathi eside.

Ezinye izinhlobo zefilakisi zingatshalwa endlini; izinhlobo ezikhula kancane zezinhlobo zaminyaka yonke nezingapheli zilungele le njongo. Ekhaya, izitshalo ezikhulayo zinhle kumafasitela anelanga nasezingadini zasekhaya. Kuyafaneleka ukukhetha imibhede evikelekile emakhazeni abandayo - amacembe akhanyayo ezimbali zefilakisi alahlekelwa ngokushesha umphumela wawo wokuhlobisa lapho evezwa umoya.

  • Izinga lembewu - ngokwesilinganiso, izinga lokusetshenziswa kwembewu yefilakisi lingama-30-35 kg / ha, ngaphansi kwezinga eliphezulu lokuhluma kwembewu.
  • Ukukhetha indawo yokutshala - ukuze utshale ngempumelelo isitshalo, udinga ukukhetha indawo enelanga enenhlabathi enesihlabathi. Akuvunyelwe ukuthi izinga lamanzi angaphansi kwesayithi lisondele eduze komhlabathi. Izimpande zompompi zefilakisi azikubekezeleli ukumanzisa.

Ubuchwepheshe bezolimo bokukhulisa i-flax

  • I-curly flax isitshalo esiphansi esinamagatsha aqinile. Isihlahla sifinyelela ubukhulu obungamasentimitha angu-60. Inhloso eyinhloko yalolu hlobo lwefilakisi ukuthola imbewu yokukhiqiza amafutha. Isikhathi sokuvuthwa singafika ezinsukwini eziyi-130.

Izinhlobo zefilakisi ezihlobisa nezitshaliwe ziyizitshalo ezikahle zokuhlobisa iziza zengadi nokuthola imbewu evumelana nemvelo ngezinjongo zokwelapha.

Ilineni: inkomba ye-botanical

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Ubuchwepheshe bezolimo bokukhulisa i-flax

Sekuyisikhathi eside i-flax ihlwanyelwa eRussia ukuze kutholwe izinto zokusetshenziswa zezimboni zokukhanya nezokudla.

Imbewu yefilakisi inezimbali ezinhle zethoni eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngokuphaphathekile.

Kukhona ubuqili obukodwa bokwandisa ubude besikhathi sokuqhakaza - ukususwa kwama-pods embewu angavuthiwe. Lokhu kusebenza kukuvumela ukuthi uvuse isitshalo ekuqhakazeni isikhathi eside.

Ngaphambi kokutshala, inhlabathi kufanele imbiwe ngokucophelela, emva kwalokho i-humus noma umquba wengezwe enhlabathini ngesilinganiso esingu-3 kg nge-1 m2, isipuni somlotha kanye nenani elifanayo le-superphosphate ephindwe kabili. I-granular superphosphate incibilika kancane lapho inisela, kancane kancane imuncwa izitshalo, ivuse izimbali zesikhathi eside.

Umlando wokuthuthukiswa kwemboni yefilakisi ubone ukunyuka nokwehla okungakaze kubonwe ngaphambili, kodwa isivuno sisatshalwa emasimini ezwe lethu ngezidingo zezimboni zezokwelapha nezilula.

Umlando wokukhula kwefilakisi

I-Flax in Rus' yayitshalwe ukusetshenziswa ekhaya, izindwangu zelineni zazisetshenziselwa ukwenza izingubo, futhi amafutha e-linseed asetshenziselwa ukudla. Ngokushesha, abathengisi baseRussia basungula ukunikezwa kwefilakisi emazweni aseYurophu, lapho izinga eliphezulu lomkhiqizo laziswa khona.

  • Ukukhanyisa - ilanga elivulekile.

Isitshalo sefilakisi sekuyisikhathi eside sikhule ngempumelelo eRussia ukuze kwenziwe izindwangu zemvelo, izintambo, izintambo, i-hemp namafutha e-linseed ephulukisayo, acebile ngamavithamini nama-microelements. Ukukhula kwefilakisi sekukade kwenziwa isikhathi eside, ukukhulunywa kokuqala kokutshala isitshalo eRussia kwaqala ngekhulu lesi-6 BC. Kunezingoma eziningi zomdabu mayelana nezimbali ezintekenteke eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Lesi sihloko sikhuluma ngokukhula kwe-flax.

  • I-flax yokuhlobisa enezimbali ezinkulu isitshalo saminyaka yonke esingathobeki esinezimbali ezikhanyayo zemibala e-pink-coral. Kunezitshalo ezinamacembe amhlophe. Imbali ifanelana ngokuphelele nesitayela sonke lapho itshalwe emibhedeni yezimbali exutshwe nemibhede yezimbali enonyaka, ibalulekile ekwakhiweni kotshani baseMauritania. Uma utshala i-flax enezimbali ezinkulu ngoMeyi, ukuqhakaza kwezitshalo kuzohlala kuze kube ekwindla. Isitshalo sizala kahle ngokuzihlwanyela, sibekezelela ukutshala kahle.
  • I-Len-mezheumok - ayikhuli ngaphezu kwamasentimitha angu-70. Isiqu sisodwa kusukela phansi, i-branching eqinile iqala kusukela engxenyeni ephakathi. Lolu hlobo lwefilakisi lusetshenziselwa kakhulu imbewu, kanti iziqu ngezinye izikhathi zisetshenziselwa ukwenza umcu omfishane, osezingeni eliphansi.

 

Uma unquma ukuhlwanyela imbewu ezitsheni, kufanele wazi ukuthi izithombo ezikhulile azikwazi ukutshalwa endaweni evulekile, ngoba zigula kakhulu ngemva kwenqubo enjalo futhi zivame ukufa. Lapho imbewu ihlwanyelwa, iziqukathi zidluliselwa ngokushesha emoyeni omusha. Uma ukhula i-flax eneminyaka emibili ubudala esakhiweni sakho, khona-ke ingasakazwa ngokuhlukanisa isihlahla.

Maphakathi nenkathi yentwasahlobo noma ngo-Agasti, ngemva kokuba isitshalo sesiphelile, isihlahla sihlukaniswa sibe izingxenye eziningana.

I-Delenki kufanele itshalwe ngokushesha enhlabathini evulekile, igcine ibanga elingu-0.2 m phakathi kwayo, kufanele iniselwe njalo futhi kaningi ngokwanele, futhi ivikeleke elangeni eliqondile. Uma ufuna ukuqhakaza kwefilakisi kube okubabazekayo ngangokunokwenzeka, futhi ukuze ikhule futhi ikhule ngendlela evamile, kuzodingeka inikeze ukunakekelwa okufanele. Ngezansi kuzochazwa ngokuningiliziwe izici zokunakekela i-perennial flax.

Ukuze ikhule evamile futhi ithuthuke, imbali enjalo idinga inani elanele lamanzi. Mayelana nalokhu, kufanele iniselwe ngendlela ehlelekile.

I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu: incazelo

Lesi isitshalo saminyaka yonke esinezimbali zokuhlobisa, eziyingxenye ye-Linen yomndeni wakwaFlax. Ifinyelela ukuphakama okungafika ku-110 cm, kodwa ngokuvamile ukukhula kunqunyelwe ku-30-60 cm. Isiqu sefilakisi siqondile, sinegatsha. Amaqabunga aphuzi, ahlukile, a-lanceolate anamathiphu aqondile. Izimbali ezikhanyayo zakha isihlangu se-inflorescence, esinesakhiwo esikhululekile. Indawo yemvelo iyingxenye esenyakatho-ntshonalanga yezwekazi lase-Afrika (Algeria). I-Flax yethulwa ekulinyweni ngo-1820, futhi kusukela lapho ibilokhu ilinywa ngenkuthalo njengonyaka.

Ilineni lingapheli. Isithombe

Ilineni libukeka limangalisa kokubili ekutshalweni okukodwa nasekutshalweni kweqembu. Hlanganisa lesi sitshalo nanoma yisiphi isitshalo sezimbali sasehlobo ukuze udale ilungiselelo lembali eliqhakazile egcekeni lakho. I-Flax ivame ukutshalwa ngezaphulelo, izingadi zamadwala. Lesi sitshalo sihle futhi ukusika. Ama-bouquets aphuma ehlobo futhi enothando. Ukuqoqa isixha esinjalo, udinga ukusiphula iflakisi esiteji se-bud, bese usika izimpande bese uzifaka emanzini ngokushesha.

Yembula ngokuphumelelayo zonke izici zokuhlobisa zefilakisi ezingapheli ngokuhlanganiswa nama-marigolds, ama-cornflowers, ama-daisies, ama-clover. Isitshalo sivame ukukhethwa utshani baseMoor.

I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu: ukutshala

Kusuka kumbewu yobukhulu obuncane, uma uthanda, ungakhula isitshalo esihle esingapheli. I-Flax inomlingiswa ongenasizotha, imelana nokubanda, ibekezelela ngisho nesithwathwa esibuthakathaka. Kungcono ukukhetha izindawo ezinelanga, ezikhanyiswe kahle. Izokhula kunoma iyiphi inhlabathi empofu engadini, kodwa okungcono ngaphandle komswakama omile. Ensimini yaseRussia enezimo zezulu ezibandayo, sincoma ukukhetha i-flax enezimbali ezinkulu. Ukukhula kusuka kumbewu kulula kakhulu. Ukuhluma cishe ku-100%, futhi isitshalo sisakazeka endaweni ye-taiga.

Ngaphambi kokutshala, isiza kufanele simbiwe, kunconywa ukuthi wengeze i-humus noma umquba (3-4 kg ngemitha yesikwele eyi-1). Futhi isipuni se-superphosphate ne-potassium sulfate. Bese uhlanganisa konke kahle futhi ulinganise nge-rake. Kungcono ukuthulula inhlabathi kahle bese ushiya izinsuku ezimbalwa, bese uqhubeka nokutshala. Lokhu kungenziwa ngezindlela ezimbili: izithombo noma ngqo emhlabathini. Khetha leyo ekufanele kakhulu.

Imiyalo yesinyathelo ngesinyathelo sokutshala i-flax

  • Ngaphambi kokutshala imbewu enhlabathini, yimbe ngokususa izimpande zokhula bese usebenzisa umanyolo: cishe 5 kg womquba, isipuni se-superphosphate kanye nenani elifanayo le-potassium sulfate lizodingeka ngemitha yesikwele.
  • Ngemva kokulinganisa umhlabathi, yenza ama-grooves amancane futhi uhlwanyele impahla yokutshala ngaphandle kokuyijulisa. Umhlabathi kufanele ulale phezu kwembewu endaweni encane, uma uvumela imbewu ukuba ishone kakhulu emhlabathini, ingase ingahlumi nhlobo, noma isikhathi sokuhluma sizokhula. Ngakho, lesi sitshalo sizolahlekelwa amandla futhi sibe buthakathaka.
  • Monisa inhlabathi ngesibhamu sokufutha, ungacheleli ngekani lokunisela, njengoba enye imbewu izogezwa emhlabathini.
  • Ngemva kwamasonto amabili, imbewu izohluma, okumele, ekuphakameni kuka-5 cm, incishiswe. Ibanga phakathi kwezimbali kufanele okungenani libe ngamasentimitha ayi-15. Lezi zincomo kufanele zicatshangelwe ikakhulukazi lapho kutshalwa izinhlobo zezihlahla.

Ifilakisi (elibomvu) elinezimbali ezinkulu ezikhula ezitshalweni zembewu

Ukuhlwanyela kunconywa maphakathi no-Ephreli, njengoba isitshalo sikhula ngokushesha. Sebenzisa inhlabathi elula ekwazi ukungena emoyeni kanye nomswakama. Thela emabhokisini amancane ungqimba olulinganayo luka-5-8 cm bese umanzisa ngebhodlela le-spray. Ungangcwabi imbewu, kodwa uhlakaze ngobumnene phezu komhlaba, ufafaze inhlabathi phezulu ngongqimba luka-1 cm. Kungcono ukwenza indawo yokushisa encane bese uvala ibhokisi nge-polyethylene. Qaphela ngokugcwala kwamanzi - yilokhu i-flax enezimbali ezinkulu engayithandi. Ukukhula kusuka kumbewu (isithombe) kuyinqubo esheshayo, izithombo zizovela ezinsukwini ezingama-7-10. Lapho nje izithombo sezinamaqabunga okuqala eqiniso, kufanele zicwiliswe ezimbizeni ezihlukene, ezingaba ngu-7 cm ububanzi nokujula okufanayo. I-Flax inesistimu yezimpande eqinile yohlobo lwenduku, ngakho-ke sincoma ukuthi ungalibali ukuhlala. Ngokuqhubekayo

Ukuhlwanyela imbewu emhlabathini

Le ndlela nayo inelungelo lokuba khona futhi ilula. Ungahlwanyela imbewu ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo (ngo-Ephreli-Meyi) noma ekwindla sekwephuzile, okubizwa ngokuthi ngaphambi kobusika. Lungiselela inhlabathi kusengaphambili, ngendlela osekushiwo ngenhla. Bese wenza imisele ehlanzekile ebangeni elingu-10-15 cm, ukushona kuka-4-5 cm, uwachithe kahle ngamanzi. Ungacindezeli imbewu, kodwa vele uyisakaze endaweni elinganayo bese ufafaza inhlabathi encane phezulu. Lapho kuvela izithombo, kufanele zincishiswe, zishiye ibanga phakathi kwezitshalo ezingama-5-8 cm.

Imithetho eyisisekelo yokunakekela i-flax

Uma ufuna, njengoba besho, tshala futhi ukhohlwe isitshalo, bese ukhetha i-flax enezimbali ezinkulu (Rubrum). Ukukhula kwezithombo kusuka embewini noma ngokushesha emhlabathini ngeke kubangele ubunzima, futhi ukunakekelwa kulula nakakhulu.

  • Khetha inhlabathi elula engenawo umswakama omile kanye nokusalungiswa okubandayo.
  • Lesi sitshalo simelana nokushisa, ngakho-ke ukuchelela okwengeziwe kuyadingeka kuphela uma ihlobo elomile kakhulu.
  • Phakathi nenkathi, yenza ukugqoka okuphezulu okungu-2-3 ngomanyolo oyinkimbinkimbi wamaminerali, futhi lesi sitshalo sizokujabulisa ngokuqhakaza kwezimbali.
  • I-flowerbeds lapho i-flax ikhula khona idinga ukuhlanzwa, njenganoma yimuphi omunye.
  • Ngemuva kwemvula nokunisela, kuhle ukukhulula inhlabathi ukuze i-crust ingakhi, ikakhulukazi emhlabathini onzima.

Yiziphi ezinye izitshalo "zavila" ezingatshalwa engadini?

Asikho njalo isikhathi sokunakekela ingadi nemibhede yezimbali, kodwa wonke umuntu ufuna ukuba nekona lakhe elimnandi esizeni. Omunye uzothi lokhu akwenzeki, futhi noma yisiphi isitshalo sidinga ukunakwa. Yiqiniso, lokhu kuyiqiniso, kodwa izinga lokunakekelwa kanye nokucophelela kwakho kuyahluka. Uma ungavamile ezweni, khona-ke i-flax enezimbali ezinkulu ngeke ihambisane nawe. Ukukhula kusuka embewini yezinye izinhlobo nakho kuzoba usizo. Naka i-openwork gypsophila. Isitshalo esingapheli sizovala umhlabathi ngokhaphethi olinganayo. Ungasebenzisa futhi i-analogue yonyaka - i-gypsophila enomusa, ikhula ngokushesha futhi iqhakaze ngokukhazimulayo.

I-cornflower yethu yendabuko ilula futhi iyathandeka ngesikhathi esifanayo. Manje izinhlobo eziningi azizange zifuywe ngombala oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka kuphela, kodwa futhi nomhlophe, pink, onsomi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, lesi sitshalo sizokujabulisa ngokuqhakaza kabili kwezimbali - ngoJuni noSepthemba.

Sincoma ukukhetha i-iberis enephunga elimnandi noma i-matthiola, i-flax, i-alissum, ukubopha yonke into ngendwangu elinganayo, i-calendula (hhayi nje ejabulisayo, kodwa futhi ewusizo), i-nasturtium kokubili ukulima okuvundlile nokuma, inkazimulo yasekuseni.

Uma udinga isitshalo esilula ukusinakekela, kodwa esimangalisayo nesingavamile, bheka iflaksi enezimbali ezinkulu egqamile futhi ejabule. Ukukhula kusuka embewini ekhaya kuzokusiza ukuthi uthole izithombo nezitshalo ezisezingeni eliphezulu ezibe namandla ngesikhathi zitshalwa emhlabathini.

Ilineni lingapheli. Umlando wamasiko kanye nokusebenza kwawo

Akumangazi nakancane ukuthi abalimi abaningi bakhetha i-flax yokutshala esizeni sabo. Lesi sitshalo sinomlando ocebile, kunezinganekwane eziningi nezindaba ngaso.

  • E-Rus', i-flax ibilokhu ihlonishwa kakhulu. Uma isinkwa sasiyinhloko yakho konke, iflakisi kwakuwumphefumulo.
  • Ilineni ingenye yamasiko asendulo kakhulu. Phakathi nokuvubukulwa kwemivubukulo, kwatholakala izinsalela zokudla ezivela embewini yefilakisi, izinsalela zezintambo, izindwangu nezintambo.
  • Ilineni lenziwa okokuqala eNdiya eminyakeni eyizi-9,000 edlule. Baqala ukuthunga izingubo kuwo, okwashintsha ngokushesha izingubo zesikhumba sezilwane. Izingubo zelineni zazihlanzeke kakhulu.
  • EGibhithe lasendulo, iflakisi lalihlonishwa nakakhulu. Abaluki baseGibhithe bathola ikhono elimangalisayo ekwenzeni izindwangu zelineni. Ilineni lalibhekwa lapho "isibusiso sokuqala sonkulunkulu", futhi indwangu yelineni ngokwayo yayiqhathaniswa kahle "nokuphefumula kwengane." Izingcweti zaseGibhithe zazenza izindwangu zibe mncane kangangokuthi ngisho nezingqimba ezi-5 zezinto ezinjalo umzimba wawukwazi ukubonakala ngazo. Indwangu yayilingana nesisindo sayo ngegolide. Izingubo ezenziwe ngelineni eliyigugu zazigqokwa abantu abacebe kakhulu, abapristi.
  • Kwakuyifilakisi elalisetshenziswa eGibhithe lasendulo ukwenza amabhandeshi elineni asongwe ezidumbu ezigqunyisiwe zabafileyo.
  • Izingubo zelineni zazisetshenziswa kakhulu phakathi neNkathi Ephakathi. Ngalesi sikhathi, ngisho nabantu abavamile nabampofu babegqoka izingubo ezinjalo.
  • AmaSlav asendulo anikeza iflakisi indima yemali yangempela. Kususela egameni elithi "canvas" lapho kwavela khona igama elithi "khokha".
  • U-Carl Liney udale amawashi ezimbali esebenzisa ilineni. Izimbali zalesi sitshalo zivuleka ngezinsuku libalele futhi zivalwe ngezinsuku eziguqubele. Uma kungelona ilanga ngaphandle kwelanga, khona-ke izimbali zefilakisi zingase zingaqhakazi nhlobo.

Njengoba ubona, lesi sitshalo sicebile ngendlela emangalisayo ngamaqiniso athakazelisayo nezinganekwane. Kuze kube yizikhathi zanamuhla, izinketho eziningi zokusetshenziswa kwefilakisi zigcinwe. Uma ufuna ukukhulisa lesi sitshalo kusayithi lakho, qiniseka ukuthi singakulethela izinzuzo eziningi. Cabanga ngalokho okucebile ekubunjweni kwefilakisi, lapho lesi sitshalo singasetshenziswa.

  • Imbewu yefilakisi ye-30-48% iqukethe amafutha: linolenic, linoleic, oleic, stearic, palmitic. I-Flax iqukethe i-organic acid, ama-enzyme, i-vitamin A. I-Flax iqukethe namaprotheni nama-carbohydrates.

  • I-Flax isetshenziswa kakhulu emithini yesintu. Imbewu yefilakisi inenani elithile. U-Hippocrates ngokwakhe utuse ukusetshenziswa kokufakwa kwembewu yefilakisi ezinqubweni zokuvuvukala.
  • Uma imbewu yefilakisi ifakwe emanzini, khona-ke kutholakala ukuvumelana okungavamile, okufana ne-mucus. Leli khambi lingaba nomphumela omnene we-laxative, i-analgesic, anti-inflammatory.
  • Imboni yemithi isebenzisa iflakisi ukwenza amalungiselelo okuthuthukisa ukusebenza kwesimiso senhliziyo nemithambo yegazi. Imithi enjalo yokuvimbela i-atherosclerosis ibonise ukuthi isebenza ngokukhethekile.
  • Ukumnika kwe-flaxseed kunomphumela ovalayo ezithweni zokugaya. Ngakho-ke, imithi yendabuko inikeza izindlela eziningi zokupheka ezisekelwe kulokhu okuluhlaza kubantu abahlukunyezwa yi-gastritis, isilonda se-peptic, nezifo ze-esophagus.
  • Amafutha e-linseed ayigugu angasetshenziswa ngempumelelo ukuze asetshenziswe ngaphandle. Ngosizo lwayo, kunconywa ukuphatha ukushisa okushisayo namakhemikhali, kanye nokulimala kwemisebe esikhumbeni.
  • Amafutha efilakisi ayigugu elisetshenziswa emithini yesintu ukulwa ne-cholecystitis. Inomphumela osebenzayo we-diuretic ne-laxative.
  • Imbewu yefilakisi iqukethe i-analogue yesitshalo ye-estrogen, ihomoni yabesifazane. Ososayensi baye bahlonza ngisho namacala okudla okusebenzayo kwe-flax yizilwane, yingakho zinezimo ezingavamile zezindlala zocansi. Ngakho-ke, abesifazane abakhulelwe kufanele banciphise ukusetshenziswa kwamafutha e-flaxseed noma imbewu.

  • Ososayensi baseCanada bahlonze ukuxhumana phakathi komdlavuza webele kanye nembewu yefilakisi. Kuvele ukuthi ukusetshenziswa kwembewu nsuku zonke yiziguli ezinomdlavuza webele kusize ukunqanda ukukhula kwesimila.
  • Uwoyela we-Flaxseed ungumthombo obalulekile we-Omega-3.
  • Imbewu yefilakisi iyaziwa ngomphumela wayo oyisimangaliso emzimbeni ngesikhathi sokuncipha kwesisindo. Basiza ukususa imfucuza kanye nobuthi.
  • I-Linen isetshenziswa kabanzi ku-cosmetology. Inomphumela omuhle esikhumbeni, izinwele, izinzipho.
  • Kuyasiza ukuthi abesifazane bathathe i-flax ngesikhathi sokuya esikhathini, ngoba. kunomthelela ekujwayelekeni kwamazinga e-hormonal.
  • I-flax iyasetshenziswa nasekuphekeni. Ufulawa we-flaxseed ulungiswa kuwo, imbewu yefilakisi yengezwa lapho upheka, ukubhaka kwenziwa.

I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu: ukutshala nokunakekelwa

Njengesitshalo sokuhlobisa, i-flax ayaziwa abaningi ku-horticulture yasekhaya, ngoba lesi sitshalo sathola ukuthandwa kwaso okuyinhloko ngenxa yenani laso lezomnotho kanye nempahla eluhlaza. Kodwa, naphezu kwalokhu, imbali ibhubhisa yonke inkolelo yokuthi ifaneleka kuphela njengento eluhlaza, okuqinisekiswa ukuqhakaza kwayo okukhanyayo nokuhle. Nokho, ukukhulisa iflakisi esakhiweni somuntu siqu kudinga ulwazi olwengeziwe. Ngakho-ke, namuhla kufanele sembule zonke izimfihlo zokutshalwa okufanele kwefilakisi elinezimbali ezinkulu embhedeni wezimbali zasekhaya.

Funda futhi: Ujinja: ukutshala nokunakekela ekhaya

I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu isitshalo saminyaka yonke se-herbaceous, indawo yokuhlala yemvelo okuyisifunda esisenyakatho-ntshonalanga ye-Afrika, ngaphezu kwalokho, ngendlela yayo yasendle, imelelwa kabanzi eNyakatho Melika naseningizimu yeYurophu.

Ukwakheka kweqabunga leqabunga ngobubanzi be-lanceolate noma i-linear-lanceolate enesici sesakhiwo esinezimo ezintathu, futhi ubude bayo abukho ngaphezu kuka-2.5 cm (isilinganiso sisuka ku-1.5 siye ku-2 cm).

Ukuziqhenya okuyinhloko kwezinhlobonhlobo zokuhlobisa zalolu hlobo yizimbali zama-hues abomvu agqamile. Zitholakala phezulu kwesiqu futhi ziqoqwe ku-inflorescence enhle enobubanzi obungekho ngaphezu kuka-3 cm. Isikhathi sokuqhakaza siqala ekuqaleni kwentwasahlobo futhi sihlala kuze kube yingxenye yokuqala ka-Okthoba.

Ukuvuna nokugcina

Isivuno sefilakisi ekhaya sivunwa ngesandla (Umfanekiso 4). Kunconywa ukuvuna izinto zokusetshenziswa ngoSepthemba, lapho zonke izimbewu sezivuthiwe. Njengoba aqukethe amaprotheni amaningi, ama-carbohydrate nezinye izinto eziwusizo, izinto zokusetshenziswa zisetshenziselwa ukwenza ibhotela. Imbewu ivunwa ngesikhathi sokubhula futhi yomiswe ngaphansi kombhede. Ungawagcina isikhathi esingaphezu kweminyaka emithathu.

Umfanekiso 4. Ukuqoqwa kweziqu zefilakisi nembewu

Iziqu zisetshenziselwa ukwenza i-fiber yokukhiqiza izindwangu. Ulwazi olwengeziwe mayelana nokuqoqwa kanye nokucutshungulwa okwengeziwe kwefilakisi likuvidiyo.

I-Flax isitshalo lapho kwenziwa khona indwangu emangalisayo eyaziwayo, intambo, izintambo, kodwa kukhona nezinhlobo zokuhlobisa zefilakisi zokukhula emibhedeni yezimbali.

. Izimbali ezilula zefilakisi ezi-Sky-blue ziqhakaza kakhulu esitshalweni se-herbaceous, ngakho insimu yefilakisi eqhakazayo ibukeka njengokhaphethi wasezulwini. Lezi zimbali ezilula ezinomusa ziza ngeminye imibala - eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, obomvu, omhlophe nophuzi.

Igama lalesi sitshalo lanikezwa ukuthi lisetshenziswe emkhakheni wendwangu, kusukela olimini lwesiLatini igama elithi "flax" (Limun) lisho "intambo". I-Flax genus ihlanganisa izinhlobo ezingaphezu kuka-200 zezitshalo ze-herbaceous zaminyaka yonke nezingapheli. Imvamisa, i-flax ikhula emathafeni, emasimini, emithambekeni nasezindaweni ezinamaxhaphozi. Isici esivamile sezinhlobo zefilakisi isakhiwo sembali, ifomu elilula elinamacembe amahlanu. Izimbali ziqhakaza ikakhulukazi ngezinsuku libalele ekuseni futhi zibune kusihlwa, azihlali ngaphezu kwezinsuku ezimbili noma ezintathu, kodwa njengoba kuvela imiqumbe eminingi futhi iqhakaza, ukuqhakaza kuyaqhubeka kusukela maphakathi noJuni kuya kuSepthemba. Esikhundleni sembali efiphele, kwakhiwa isithelo - ibhokisi lapho imbewu ivuthwa khona.

Cishe izinhlobo ezingama-25 zefilakisi ezitshalwa ku-floriculture yokuhlobisa. Izinhlobo zezimbali zonyaka zidumile

- lena yifilakisi evamile nefilakisi enezimbali ezinkulu.

I-flax evamile

(Limun usitatissimun) - isitshalo saminyaka yonke se-herbaceous, isiqu saso esinegatsha eliqinile engxenyeni engaphezulu futhi sifinyelela ubude obungama-30-50 cm.Lesi sitshalo sisetshenziswa futhi embonini yendwangu kanye nokukhiqizwa kwamafutha e-linseed.

Izimbali zefilakisi ezivamile zincane, ububanzi buka-3-3.5 cm, ziqhakaza ngokuqhubekayo ihlobo lonke. I-Flax itshalwa emibhedeni yezimbali eqenjini noma itshalwe phakathi kwezinye izimbali ezingapheli, igcwalisa izikhala ezingenalutho, ukuqhakaza kwezimbali ezincane zefilakisi kuzoba isizinda sezinye izimbali ezizimele. Ifilakisi eliqhakaza libukeka lihle phakathi kwama-daisies, ama-bluebell, ama-cornflowers aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ama-poppies, kuvela insimu yezimbali ehlobo ngesitayela se-rustic.

Lesi sitshalo esinesizotha nesilula ukusinakekela, simelana nesomiso, sibekezelela isithwathwa esincane. Indawo yokuhlwanyela kufanele ibe nelanga. I-flax ayikhethi emhlabathini. Imbewu yefilakisi ingahlwanyelwa kusukela ngoMashi kuya kuSepthemba.

Kufilakisi elinezimbali ezinkulu

(L. grandiflorum) izimbali zinkulu kancane kunezo ezivamile, zifinyelela ku-4 cm ububanzi. Izimbali ezilula ezinamacembe amahlanu abomvu, apinki, aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka noma amhlophe, kukhona izinhlobonhlobo zefilakisi ezimhlophe ezineso elibomvu.

Lesi sitshalo asithobekile, asihambisani nomhlabathi futhi siyanisela. Ikhula kahle ezindaweni ezinelanga ezinokukhanya, inhlabathi evulekile, ayikubekezeleli umswakama omile emhlabathini.

Lesi sitshalo saminyaka yonke sizala ngembewu. Ukuhlwanyela kwenziwa maphakathi nentwasahlobo, noma ukuze kutholwe izimbali zangaphambili, iflaksi ingahlwanyelwa sekwephuzile ekwindla (ngaphambi kobusika). Ukufakwa kwefilakisi kuvela evikini elilodwa kuya kwamabili. Izitshalo ezincane zincishisiwe, zishiya ibanga lika-15-20 cm phakathi kwazo.

Lezi zimbali azidingi ukunakekelwa okukhethekile - ukuhluma, ukukhulula, ukuchelela esimweni sezulu esomile nokuvundisa ngomanyolo wamaminerali kuzoqinisekisa ukuqhakaza kwezimbali eziningi.

Izimfanelo eziqinile zefilakisi elinezimbali ezinkulu zivumela ukuthi isetshenziselwe ukuhlobisa ama-balcony futhi ihlwanyele imbewu emabhokisini e-balcony, iziqukathi, izimbiza zezimbali. Ngenxa yokukhula kwayo kalula, i-flax ingenye yezimbali ezithandwa kakhulu futhi ezivamile zaminyaka yonke.

Sika amahlumela ezimbali efilakisi abukeka emuhle ezitsheni futhi agcine ukubukeka kwawo okuhlobisa emanzini isikhathi eside.

Kusuka ezinhlotsheni ezingapheli ku-floriculture


I -perennial flax
(L. Perenne), iflaksi yase- Austrian (L. Austriacum), i-
flax enezinwele eziqinile (L. Hirsutum) isetshenziswa - inezimbali ezincane eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ezifika ku-3 cm ububanzi, amahlumela aphezulu aqinile, ezinye zezinhlobo amahlumela ashona kancane engxenyeni engenhla . Izitshalo zakha isihlahla esivulekile esingafika ku-80 cm ukuphakama. I-perennial flax blooms engxenyeni yokuqala yehlobo.


Uma uthanda izimbali ezikhanyayo libalele, ungasebenzisa izinhlobo zefilakisi ezinezimbali ezinemibala ephuzi yegolide - lokhu kuphuzi kwefilakisi

(L. flavum), iflaksi
yase-Ukraine
.

Ekunakekeleni nasekutshaleni izinhlobo ezingapheli zefilakisi eziqhakazayo nazo zilula. Badinga ukhula, ukuchelela kuphela ngenkathi eyomile yasehlobo kanye nokugqoka okuphezulu ngomanyolo oyinkimbinkimbi wamaminerali. Ukuze uvimbele ukuzihlwanyela nokujiya kwezitshalo, iziqu zezimbali ezibunile ziyanqunywa ukuze imbewu ingavuthi.

Izinhlobo zefilakisi ezingapheli zisakazwa ngembewu; ukusikwa kungagxilwa ekupheleni kwehlobo. Njengoba impande yalezi zitshalo iyi-taproot futhi ingena ijule emhlabathini, ayikubekezeleli ukutshala nokuhlukanisa ama-rhizomes.

Imbewu ihlwanyelwa entwasahlobo (ngo-April) noma ngaphambi kobusika (ngoNovemba) ngokushesha endaweni ehlala njalo. Izitshalo ezitshaliwe ziqhakaza kakhulu eminyakeni emithathu kuya kwemihlanu elandelayo, bese zivuselelwa ngokuhlwanyela ezintsha.

I-bloom yefilakisi eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka iyajabulisa. Lezi zitshalo ezivulekile zihambisana kahle nezitshalo ezinkulu ezihlala njalo futhi zinikeze ukukhanya kanye nomoya.

Ngisho nokhokho bethu abakude baqala ukutshala i-flax ngezinhloso ezihlukahlukene. Yayisetshenziselwa ukuthola intambo, okwalukwa ngayo, futhi yayisetshenziswa emithini yesintu. Imbewu yayisetshenziselwa ukwenza ufulawa nebhotela. I-linen tow yayifakwe i-insulated ekhaya. Kwakuyisivuno esikhulu sezolimo. Ilineni sekuyisikhathi eside lihlonishwa njengophawu lokwethembeka nobumsulwa.

Esikhathini sethu, mancane amathuba okuthi sikhulise ukutshalwa kwefilakisi eyenziwe ekhaya ukuze sithole intambo, kodwa kungenzeka kakhulu ukusebenzisa izakhiwo zayo zokwelapha nokubukeka okubucayi kakhulu. Futhi, okubaluleke kakhulu, ukuqhakaza kwayo kuhlala ihlobo lonke.

Ukukhula kusuka enzalweni

Enye yezindlela ezidume kakhulu zokukhulisa i-flax yokuhlobisa ekhaya ukusabalalisa isitshalo ngezithombo ezivela embewini ehluma ngaphambili, kulandelwa ukutshala embhedeni wezimbali.

Okulandelayo, sizocubungula ngokuningiliziwe zonke izici zale nqubo futhi sabelane ngezimfihlo ezithile zokuqaliswa kwayo ngempumelelo.

Imbewu ayidingi ukulungiswa okwengeziwe ngaphambi kokuhlwanyela, njengoba ibonakala ngokuhluma okuphezulu. Ukuhlwanyela, iziqukathi ezikhethekile zengadi zisetshenziselwa ukuhluma, kodwa noma yisiphi isitsha samahhala sifanelekile le njongo.

Ukuhlwanyela kwenziwa ngokukhanya, ama-substrates avulekile. Umhlabathi upakishwa esitsheni esinongqimba olungekho ngaphezu kuka-10 cm (inani elifanele ngu-8 cm), emva kwalokho uswakanyiswe kakhulu ngesifutho sengadi. Ngemuva kwalokho, imbewu ihlakazeka ngokulinganayo phezu kwendawo yomhlabathi futhi imbozwe ngongqimba lomhlabathi ongaba ngu-1 cm.

Ukusheshisa inqubo yokuhluma, ungakha izimo zokushisa ezikhanyayo, kulokhu isitsha kufanele simbozwe ngesikhwama sepulasitiki noma ifilimu.

Ngemuva kokufinyelela izinga lokushisa lansuku zonke elingaba ngu-+20 ° C, izithombo zingatshalwa emhlabathini ovulekile wombhede wezimbali, okufanele ulungiswe kusenesikhathi. Kulokhu, 1 sq. m inhlabathi yethulwa mayelana 4 kg umquba noma humus, 1 tbsp. l. i-superphosphate ne-1 tbsp. l. potassium sulfate, emva kwalokho konke kufanele kumbiwe ngokucophelela futhi kuthukululwe.

Ukufika akukhuthazwa ngokushesha, kuyadingeka ukushiya inhlabathi yedwa izinsuku ezingu-1-2.

Ungatshala kanjani i-flax?

Imbewu ingahlwanyelwa endaweni evulekile noma izithombo ezikhule ngaphambi kwezimo zegumbi. Ukukhetha okukhethwa kukho kuncike emandleni omlimi, uhlobo lwesitshalo nendawo ekhulayo.

Ezifundeni ezinesimo sezulu esithambile nesifudumele, ukuhlwanyela kwenziwa endaweni evulekile. Indawo yezitshalo ilungiswa kusenesikhathi. Ekwindla, kufakwa umquba noma i-humus. Yenza ukulima okujulile noma ukumba. Entwasahlobo, indawo iyahlukunyezwa futhi ihlelwe. I-Flax ihlwanyelwa ngo-Ephreli-Meyi, lapho inhlabathi ifudumala ifinyelela ku-+7 degrees ekujuleni okungaba ngu-10 cm, futhi izinga lokushisa lasemini likhuphukela kuma-+20 degrees. Kulokhu, izithombo zinobungane kakhulu futhi i-flax igula kancane. Uma ngalesi sikhathi kwehla izinga lokushisa, izitshalo ziqhuma ngisho naku-+2 degrees. Imbewu isakazwa ngokulinganayo, ekujuleni okungaba ngu-1 cm. Khona-ke ukutshala kuswaswa nge-sprinkler. Amahlumela anobungane avela emasontweni ambalwa. Lapho ikhula ibe ngu-4-5 cm, iyancishiswa. Ibanga phakathi kwezinhlobo eziseduze kufanele libe ngu-15-20 cm.

Ukuze kuqhume izimbali zakuqala ngonyaka ozayo, ukuhlwanyela kwasebusika emhlabathini ovulekile kungenziwa. Isikhathi sasekwindla sokuhlwanyela sifanelekile ezindaweni ezinesimo sezulu esifudumele. Kulokhu, umsebenzi wenziwa ngaphambi kokuqala kwesimo sezulu esibandayo, ngesilinganiso sokushisa komoya nsuku zonke okungenani +20 degrees. Akunconywa ukuhlwanyela esimweni sezulu esinemvula nesimanzi. Izitshalo ezincane kufanele zimbozwe ngamaqabunga omile noma ezinye izinto ngaphambi kwesithwathwa.

Ekhaya, izinhlobo ezingapheli zingasakazwa ngembewu ehlwanyelwe ngaphambili ezitsheni. Lokhu kuzokuvumela ukuthi uthole izitshalo eziqhakazayo kusenesikhathi.

Ezinye izinhlobo zefilakisi azikubekezeleli ukufakelwa endaweni evulekile, zigule futhi zingase zife. Ngakho-ke, ngaphambi kokuthenga imbewu, hlola izici zohlobo oluthile lwesitshalo.

Lapho nje kufudumala, i-flax ezitsheni kancane kancane ijwayele umoya omusha. Emazingeni okushisa emini angaphezu kuka-+20 degrees, ama-specimens alungiselelwe atshalwa emhlabathini endaweni.

Kungenzeka ukuthola ukuhluma okuphezulu kwembewu yefilakisi uma izitshalo zithola amanzi anele ekuqaleni kokukhula.

ukulima

Ukukhula kwefilakisi ngaphandle kuyindlela elula yokutshala lesi sitshalo, ngoba akudingi imikhuba yezolimo eyinkimbinkimbi kanye nemishini ekhethekile. Ukuhlwanyela imbewu ngqo emhlabathini ovulekile kwenziwa ekupheleni kwekwindla (ebusika), noma ekuqaleni kukaMeyi.

Emhlabathini olungisiwe futhi olinganisiwe, imigodi emide imbiwa ngo-5 cm ukushona futhi ebangeni elingu-15 cm ukusuka komunye nomunye. Imbewu ihlwanyelwa ngobuningi emgodini olungiselelwe, emva kwalokho imbozwe ngenhlabathi encane futhi iniselwe.

ukukhiqiza kabusha

I-Flax, njengezinhlobo eziningi ezingapheli, isakazwa ngembewu, evuthwa ezithelweni ze-pod. Kulesi simo, ukutshala nokunakekela isitshalo kubalulekile. I-Flax ingasakazwa nge-vegetatively.

Ukwenza lokhu, izingxenye zembali zicwiliswe ezixazululweni ezikhethekile ezizisiza ukuba ziqede ngempumelelo.

Ngokwengxenye enkulu, le ndlela ayidumile, ngoba i-flax iyasebenza kakhulu, futhi okubaluleke kakhulu, isakazwa ngokushesha ngembewu.

Ngakho-ke, ukusakazeka kwezitshalo kusetshenziselwa kuphela ezimweni ezingavamile, lapho kungenakwenzeka ukulondoloza isitshalo esilinyiwe ngenye indlela.

I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu ingeyezinhlobo, ukutshala nokunakekela endaweni evulekile okungekho nzima ikakhulukazi kubalimi bengadi, ngoba lolu hlobo alunasizotha.

Indawo yembali

Imbali, okokuqala, ingeyezinhlobo ezithanda izindawo ezivulekile nezikhanyayo. Ngakho-ke, indawo ekahle yokutshala isitshalo embhedeni wakho wezimbali kungaba indawo ekhanyayo ekude nezinhlobo zezihlahla ezinde.

Kodwa-ke, ukuchayeka elangeni eliqondile isikhathi eside kuzophazamisa ukubukeka kwembali, ngakho-ke, ukuze kuzuzwe inani elingcono kakhulu lokuhlobisa, kufanele kunikezwe ukukhanya okuhlukanisiwe okuhlukile.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, umbhede wezimbali, lapho i-flax yokuhlobisa itshalwe khona kakhulu, kufanele ikhishwe okungenani kanye ngenyanga.

Izinga lokushisa

Izinga lokushisa elifanele lokuthuthukiswa kwefilakisi elinezimbali ezinkulu ngu-+20 °C, kodwa isitshalo sizizwa sisihle ngisho noma sehlela ku-+12 °C.

Ukuze kuzuzwe isikhathi eside sokuqhakaza, i-flax idinga ukugqoka okuphezulu, okufanele kwenziwe okungenani izikhathi ezi-2 ngesizini: ngesikhathi sokukhula okusebenzayo nangaphambi nje kokuqhakaza. Ukuze wenze lokhu, sebenzisa umanyolo oyinkimbinkimbi wamaminerali kanye nezingxube ezikhethekile zezinhlobo zokuhlobisa eziqhakaza.

Liyini inani lefilakisi kumuntu

  • Imbewu yefilakisi nayo iyaziswa kakhulu, lapho kukhiqizwa khona uwoyela, acebile ngamaprotheni namakhabhoni, ama-acids ephilayo nama-enzyme, kanye namavithamini. Imbewu yefilakisi isetshenziswa njenge-antiseptic kanye ne-anti-inflammatory agent. Uwoyela we-flaxseed une-diuretic properties futhi ulungele ukuphumula.
  • Kukhona ukuxhumana okuqondile phakathi kokusetshenziswa kwembewu nokukhula komdlavuza ebeleni, isimila siyayeka ukukhula uma usebenzisa lo mkhiqizo obaluleke kakhulu nsuku zonke.
  • Kuye kwafakazelwa ukuthi kubantu abahlose ukunciphisa umzimba, i-flax ingenza umsebenzi omuhle kakhulu, isiza ukususa izinto ezinobuthi nobuthi, okusho ukuthi i-metabolism ijwayelekile, futhi amakhilogremu engeziwe ahamba kakhulu.
  • Isiko lezitshalo lithole ukusetshenziswa okubanzi ku-cosmetology, amafutha embewu enza isikhumba sinwebeka futhi sinempilo, izinwele zibe silky futhi zicwebezele, futhi amapuleti ezinzipho alinganayo futhi aqine. Ama-shampoos, okhilimu, ama-gel neminye imikhiqizo yokunakekelwa komzimba nezinwele akhiqizwa ngesisekelo samafutha e-linseed.
  • Ukuze kujwayeleke isizinda se-hormonal, abesifazane ngesikhathi sesimo sezulu bayanconywa ukuthi basebenzise imbewu yefilakisi. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, izimpawu zokunqamuka kokuya esikhathini, njengokushisa okushisayo, ukujuluka ngokweqile, zibonakala zibushelelezi, futhi owesifazane uzizwa ezinzile.
  • Lesi sitshalo siphinde sathola ukusetshenziswa okubanzi embonini yezokupheka, sengezwe njengamafutha ekubhakeni nasekuphekeni izitsha eziningi.

Kunzima ukubhala lezo zakhiwo eziyisimangaliso ezibangela umphumela onenzuzo emzimbeni womuntu. Ngisho nabantu basendulo, beqaphela izinzuzo zefilakisi, baliphatha ngenhlonipho futhi belifanisa nephepha lemali.

Izifo nezinambuzane

Njengezinto eziningi eziphilayo zezitshalo, i-flax enezimbali ezinkulu ingaphansi kokulimala yizinambuzane namagciwane ezifo eziyingozi. Ukuze unqobe isifo sokukhunta, ama-antibiotic ezitshalo zezinga elibanzi lesenzo asetshenziswa.

Futhi, uma uthole amaqhuqhuva amancane ezimpandeni zesitshalo, lokhu kusho ukulimala kwama-nematode. Ukulwa nabo, kusetshenziswa izidakamizwa ezikhethekile.

I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu ingomunye wabamele abambalwa bezitshalo zokuhlobisa ezingabizwa ngokuziqhenya, njengoba iflaksi ikhula futhi ithuthuke cishe ngaphandle kokubamba iqhaza komlimi. Kodwa-ke, ukuze uthole umbhede wezimbali oqhakazayo ocebile ngemibala ekhanyayo, udinga kuphela ukunaka okwanele embali izikhathi ezimbalwa ngesizini.

Funda futhi: I-Chubushnik: ukutshala nokunakekelwa endaweni evulekile, i-RASTYUNKA

Kulokhu, umbhede owuthandayo wezimbali uzoba yinto evelele engadini.

Ilineni lingapheli. Ukunakekela

Ukunisela iflaksi zisetshenziswa

Naphezu kweqiniso lokuthi iflaksi ithanda inhlabathi eyomile futhi elula, idinga ukuchelela ngezikhathi ezithile. Khumbula ukuthi ngemuva kokunisela, inhlabathi ezungeze isitshalo akufanele iphenduke "ixhaphozi elincane". Prakthiza ukulinganisela. Ngokuya ngezimo zezulu, ukuchelela kungadingeka izikhathi ezi-1 kuye kwezi-2 ngesonto. Ngakho-ke, imithetho eyinhloko yokunisela i-perennial flax yile:

  • I-Flax engapheli yamanzi izikhathi ezingu-1-2 ngesonto;
  • qaphela umswakama wenhlabathi;
  • ungavumeli ukugcwala kwamanzi, ngoba. isitshalo asikuthandi lokhu;
  • ngokufika kwekwindla, nciphisa ukuchelela, kancane kancane ukususe ngokuphelele;
  • zama ukunganiseli isitshalo ngamanzi abandayo kakhulu noma amanzi ampompi. Kungcono ukuba nesitsha esikhulu samanzi sokunisela izitshalo, esizoqoqa amanzi emvula noma sixazulule amanzi kampompi.

Sihlakula i-perennial flax

Njenganoma yisiphi isitshalo sokuhlobisa esizeni, i-perennial flax idinga ukhula olujwayelekile. Okokuqala, kuzodala ukubukeka okuhle nokunempilo kokufika kwakho. Okwesibili, ngokususa ukhula njalo, uvikela izitshalo zakho ezinambuzaneni nasezifweni ezingathwalwa ukhula.

Sondla i-perennial flax

Abalimi be-novice bangaphefumula, njengoba i-perennial flax isitshalo esingadingi ukondla njalo. Uma, lapho utshala isitshalo, ufaka umquba noma i-humus enhlabathini, kanye ne-superphosphate ne-potassium sulfate, khona-ke iflaksi izozizwa kahle inkathi yonke futhi ngaphandle kokugqoka okwengeziwe. Kodwa-ke, uma ufuna ngempela "ukugcoba" isitshalo ngesikhathi sokuqhakaza, ungasebenzisa noma yimuphi umanyolo owuketshezi izikhathi eziningana ngemva kokuchelela. I-Lion izosabela ngokubonga kuyo yonke imizamo yakho.

Sivikela i-perennial flax ezifweni nasezilokazaneni

Uma ungakhuli i-flax esikalini sezimboni, ngeke kudingeke ucabange ngokuvikela lesi sitshalo ezifweni nasezinambuzaneni. Cishe zonke izinhlobo zefilakisi ezingapheli zimelana kakhulu nezimo ezimbi ezihlukahlukene, kuhlanganise nezinambuzane nezifo. Landela izidingo ezincane zesitshalo ngezici zenhlabathi, futhi izifo ngeke zidlule i-flax. Phakathi kwezinambuzane, ummeleli oyingozi kakhulu i-flax flea.

Hlola njalo ukutshala kwakho kwe-perennial flax ukuze ubone lesi zinambuzane eziyingozi ngesikhathi. Uma lokhu kwenzeka, khona-ke ukutshala kufanele kuphathwe nge-ejenti ekhethekile ye-insecticidal, engathengwa kunoma yisiphi isitolo sezingadi.

Ilineni: ukutshala nokunakekela endaweni evulekile.

Umlimi, ekhetha izimbali zokukhula engadini, ngokuvamile ngokungafanele adlule i-perennial flax. Iqiniso liwukuthi le mbali sekuyisikhathi eside ibhekwa njengomhlobiso omangalisayo wendlu, okuyinto, ngaphezu kwalokho, engayivikela. Lesi siko sihlukaniswa ngokungathobeki kwalo, kodwa ngesikhathi esifanayo sinomphumela wokuhlobisa ophakeme kakhulu, njengoba unezimbali ezinhle kakhulu. Kunombono wokuthi izimbali zalesi sitshalo kufanele zidwetshwe okwesibhakabhaka, kodwa lokhu kukude necala.

Incazelo yefilakisi eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka engapheli

I-Flax isitshalo se-herbaceous. Lolu hlobo luhlanganisa izinhlobo ezingaba ngu-200 ezihlukene kakhulu. Ngokuvamile i-flax ayiyona izihlahla ezinkulu kakhulu, ukuphakama kwazo okungadluli amasentimitha angu-50. Naphezu kokuthi amahlumela alesi siko mancane kakhulu, anamandla. Izimbali ziyahlukahluka ngobukhulu (kusuka ezinkulu kakhulu kuye ezincane). Angapendwa amhlophe, aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka noma abomvu-pinki.

Lesi sitshalo sitshalwa kabanzi ngabalimi bomzila ophakathi. Izizwa kahle esimweni sezulu esishisayo, ngakho-ke ingatholakala emvelweni e-Afrika, eNyakatho Melika, nakwezinye izindawo zase-Asia naseYurophu.

Incazelo emfushane yohlobo

Kunezinhlobo ezingaba ngu-200 ohlotsheni lwefilakisi, phakathi kwazo okuthakazelisa kakhulu umlimi izihlahla ezihlangene ezincane ezifika kuhhafu wemitha ukuphakama, eziningi zazo ezihlala isikhathi eside. Izimbali zingaba ngobukhulu obuhlukahlukene, kusukela ezincane kuya ezinkulu, futhi umbala we-corollas uhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, obomvu-pink nomhlophe. Amahlumela mancane, kodwa anamandla kakhulu, ngenxa yokuthi lesi sitshalo sigcina isimo saso ngisho nangaphansi kwesimo sezulu esibi.

I-Flax ngaphansi kwezimo zemvelo isakazwa kabanzi e-Afrika naseNyakatho Melika, etholakala kwezinye izindawo eYurophu nase-Asia. Ezimweni ze-Middle Strip, itshalwa ngempumelelo ngabalimi bezimbali, ngoba iflaksi ibona izimo zesimo sezulu esishisayo njengezinethezekile.

Izinhlobo nezinhlobonhlobo zefilakisi

Phakathi kwazo zonke izinhlobo nezinhlobonhlobo zefilakisi ezaziwayo, ezidume kakhulu kubalimi yilezi ezilandelayo:

  1. Okunamafutha. Lolu hlobo lokuhlobisa luvame ukutshalwa endlini. Imvamisa, isitshalo esinjalo sikhule ukuze kutholwe imbewu yefilakisi, ehlukaniswa ngenani eliphezulu lokudla okunempilo, kanye nezakhiwo zokuphulukisa. Njengomthetho, isihlahla asidluli amamitha angu-0.3 ukuphakama. Izimbali azinkulu kakhulu. Angaba nombala ophuzi, oluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ngisho nobomvu.
  2. Ezokuhlobisa. Lolu hlobo luhlukaniswa ngokuzithoba kwalo, ngakho-ke ngisho nomuntu okude nokulima angalukhulisa. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kufanele wazi ukuthi indwangu ehlala njalo yenziwe ngezinhlobonhlobo ezihlukahlukene zokuhlobisa ilineni, ezisetshenziselwa ukuthunga izingubo, ilineni, njll.
  3. Izimbali ezinkulu. Lezi zinhlobonhlobo zefilakisi zatshalwa ezindaweni eziphakathi nendawo esikhathini esingengakanani edlule. Kodwa ngalesi sikhathi esifushane, ukwazile ukuba ngomunye wezinhlobo ezidume kakhulu phakathi kwabalimi. Ukuphakama kwesihlahla esiphakathi nendawo, njengomthetho, akudluli amasentimitha angama-50. Izimbali zalolu hlobo zikhulu kakhulu ngosayizi, futhi zingapendwa ngemibala ehlukahlukene yemibala. Isitshalo esinjalo sihlala isikhathi eside, uma sinikezwa izimo ezikahle zokukhula, khona-ke ngaphandle kokufakelwa endaweni efanayo singatshalwa iminyaka emihlanu.
  4. I-Flax iyisitshalo esingapheli. Lezi zinhlobonhlobo yizona ezisetshenziswa kakhulu uma ziqhathaniswa nezinye. Izihlahla ezikhangayo kakhulu zefilakisi ezinjalo zisetshenziselwa ukuhlobisa imingcele, izindonga zezimbali, njll.

izinhlobo zezitshalo. Incazelo yabo

Izinhlobo ezingaphezu kuka-200 zesitshalo zaziwa, cishe izinhlobo ezingama-40 kuphela ezikhula ezweni lethu. Okuvame kakhulu i-flax evamile, ehlukaniswe yaba:

  • i-fiber flax;
  • i-flax-curly;
  • i-flax mezheumok;
  • ilineni elinwabuzelayo.

Ifilakisi yefiber ibonakala ngesiqu esibude cishe imitha esine-branching top encane. Kuyo kwakhiwa amabhokisi afika kwamathathu agcwele imbewu. Amaqabunga made. Ukuqhakaza kwenzeka kuma-inflorescence aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngendlela yebhulashi elimise okwesambulela. Imbewu yembewu ihlukaniswe yaba izingxenye ezinhlanu lapho imbewu ibekwe khona. Ebhokisini elilodwa kunezinhlamvu ezifika kweziyi-10 zomumo oyisicaba we-ovoid. Zinsundu. Le subspecies isetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kwe-fiber.

Ukuze uthole imbewu eyengeziwe, i-curly flax iyatshalwa. Inogatsha oluminyene lweziqu, ngasinye sinezinhlamvu zembewu ezingafika ku-80. Ziqukethe imbewu enkulu uma iqhathaniswa nefilakisi yefiber. Ikhula ibe ngamasentimitha angama-70 ukuphakama. Le subspecies isetshenziselwa ukukhiqizwa kwebhotela, njengoba iqukethe amafutha angama-47%.

I-Flax-mezheumok nayo itshalwa uwoyela. Ngaphandle, inokuningi efana ngayo ne-flax-curly.

I-flax enwabuzelayo ayivamile kakhulu. Kungaphezu kwe-subspecies yasendle ekhula emathafeni nasezigodini, abantu ngabanye bangatholakala ezigodini nasezindaweni ezinamagquma. Le subspecies ibonakala ngeziqu ezinamahlamvu kanye nama-inflorescence amancane aluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Imbewu incane, insundu ngombala. Aqukethe uwoyela ongafika ku-32%. Ngenxa yesikhathi esihlukene sokuvuthwa sembewu yembewu, ukuqoqwa kwayo kunzima, ngakho-ke iflaksi enwabuzelayo ayithandwa kakhulu. Inani layo eliyinhloko liyoba ukumelana nesithwathwa. Le khwalithi isetshenziswa uma uyiwela nezinye izinhlobo ezincane.

Ezindaweni zasemadolobheni, i-flax yokuhlobisa, enezimbali ezinkulu, ithandwa kakhulu. Uhlelo lwayo lombala lucebe kakhulu. I-flax yokuhlobisa iphansi, ifika ku-60 amasentimitha ukuphakama. Ukuqhakaza kwezimbali kwenzeka ekuqaleni kwehlobo kuya phakathi nekwindla. Izimbali zinkulu, azibuni phakathi kwezinsuku ezingu-2-3. Lolu hlobo lungakhula iminyaka emihlanu endaweni eyodwa. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, umphumela wayo wokuhlobisa ngeke ulahleke. Ngemva kwesikhashana, ngokushintsha okuphawulekayo ekubukekeni, idluliselwa kwenye indawo.

Ukutshala isitshalo endaweni evulekile

Isitshalo asikwazi ukubizwa ngokuthi sikhetha ngokukhethekile izimo ezikhulayo, kodwa noma kunjalo, i-flax, kungakhathaliseki ukuthi izinhlobonhlobo noma ezihlukahlukene, idinga ukukhanya kwelanga okwanele, ngakho-ke indawo yokuyitshala kufanele ikhethwe ngokuphelele yizindlu noma izihlahla.

Iseluleko. Uma uyisakhamuzi sesifunda lapho ilanga libhekwa njengento engavamile, ngeshwa, kungcono ukuthi wenqabe ukukhulisa i-perennial flax.

Umhlabathi wokutshala iflaksi ungaba cishe noma yimuphi, kodwa mancane amathuba okuthi ukwazi ukutshala iflaksi endaweni enamaxhaphozi. Inhlabathi kufanele ibe lula, ibe nokujula ngokwanele kwamanzi angaphansi komhlaba. I-Flax perennial izomila kahle ngisho nasemithambekeni (kodwa hhayi emaweni kakhulu).

Kungcono ukutshala izinhlobo ezingapheli zefilakisi endlini, kepha uma isimo sezulu sifudumele ngokwanele, ungahlwanyela ngokushesha endaweni evulekile, futhi kuyalulekwa ukuthi ungajuli imbewu emhlabathini, kodwa umane uyisakaze phansi futhi. zifutha ngamanzi ebhodleleni lesifutho.

Ukulima kwangaphandle kungenzeka kokubili entwasahlobo (lapho izinga lokushisa lifinyelela ezingeni eliqinile lama-degree angu-20) nasekwindla (lapho izinga lokushisa lingakehli ngaphansi kwama-degree angu-20).

Indlela yokutshala imbewu nokunakekela izithombo

Indawo ekahle yalesi siko ingaba yindawo evulekile enelanga, futhi uma ikhona endaweni yakho engadini, ngakho-ke hlwanyela iflakisi lapho. Akathandi noma yiziphi izindawo zokukhosela, i-penumbra, indawo ayithandayo yilapho kuhlale kunokukhanya kwelanga okuningi.

Noma yimuphi umhlabathi wefilakisi ongapheli ufanelekile, awuthobeki futhi uqinile, kodwa usacubungula amaqiniso alandelayo:

  • inhlabathi enomoya ingcono kakhulu kuye;
  • imbewu akufanele itshalwe ezindaweni eziphansi;
  • uma amanzi angaphansi komhlaba engajulile emhlabathini, kungcono ukwenza indunduma encane ngaphambi kokutshala iflakisi.

I-Flax engapheli itshalwe enhlabathini evulekile, kokubili entwasahlobo nasekwindla, into eyinhloko ukuthi izinga lokushisa lomoya alikho ngaphansi kwama-degree angu-15.

Ukusabalala kwezitshalo

Ukukhiqizwa kabusha kwefilakisi engapheli kwenziwa ngezindlela eziningana:

  1. Imbewu. Njengoba sesivele sazi, ukusakazeka kwembewu kungenzeka entwasahlobo nasekwindla (lapho imbewu ihlwanyelwa ebusika). Imbewu ibekwe ngokucophelela phansi (ngaphandle kokujula emhlabathini) futhi ifakwe amanzi kancane. Ngendlela, izinhlobo ezingapheli zingaqalwa ngokuphepha ukukhula ngisho nasehlobo. Lapho ikhule ezitsheni (okusho indawo ehlala njalo, njengoba indlela yokutshala i-flax ngokufaka ukufakelwa okulandelayo ayisebenzi), ukususwa endaweni evulekile kwenziwa ngokushesha ngemuva kokuhlwanyela.
  2. Ukuhlukana kwehlathi. Le ndlela yokusabalalisa iyasebenza ezitshalweni ezineminyaka emibili. Inqubo yokuhlukanisa izingxenye eziningana esihlahleni sikamama ngokuvamile yenziwa maphakathi nentwasahlobo, noma ngemva kokuphela kwesikhathi sokuqhakaza - ngo-August. Izingxenye zehlathi zivame ukutshalwa ebangeni elingama-20 cm ukusuka komunye nomunye. Zidinga ukuchelela njalo nokuvikelwa ekukhanyeni kwelanga.

Izinqubo zokumanzisa inhlabathi zefilakisi zokuhlobisa kufanele zibe lula, zingabi ziningi kakhulu, kodwa zivame. Uma ukwazi ukunisela i-flax njalo, khona-ke amakhanda ezimbali ahlekisayo azomboza ngokoqobo yonke indawo noma umngcele ngaphansi kwawo. Kodwa ukunisela iflakisi akubalulekile. Uma ungakwazi ukunisela izitshalo njalo, vumela isomiso, izihlahla ngeke zife, imbewu zisazokwakheka, futhi zizoqhakaza kahle. Kodwa hhayi isikhathi eside, futhi ubuhle bazo, yebo, abunakuqhathaniswa nombukiso wezinyanga eziningi zokuqhakaza lapho ziniselwa.

Njengoba iflaksi ingenabo uhlaza oluminyene futhi olumangalisayo, ayikwazi ukumboza inhlabathi ngaphansi kokutshalwa okuqhubekayo, ukhula luzokonakalisa ukuhlobisa kokutshala futhi lunikeze iflakisi ukubukeka ngokunganakwa. Kuphoqelekile ukuhlakula umhlabathi, ukususa ukhula noma luncane. Lapho ukhipha ukhula, ungajahi ukukhulula inhlabathi kakhulu: iflaksi inezimpande ezingajulile futhi kulula kakhulu ukuyilimaza.

Funda futhi: I-Nemesia: ikhula kusuka embewini, ukuthi itshalwe nini

Uma ufuna ukunciphisa i-self-seeding yefilakisi, kungcono ukusika izithombo ngesikhathi esifanele, ukuvimbela imbewu ekuvuthweni.

Ukukhetha indawo. Ezifundeni ezinenani elincane lezinsuku ezinelanga, ukukhula kwefilakisi kuyinkinga. Kuye ukhethe izindawo ezinelanga ezivikelekile emimoyeni enamandla. Umbuso wezinga lokushisa. Izinga lokushisa elilungile ngesikhathi sokukhula okusebenzayo nokuqhakaza kwefilakisi lifinyelela ku-+17 degrees. Ngesikhathi sokuvuthwa kwembewu, isimo sezulu esomile nesifudumele siyadingeka. I-Priming. Ukuze ukhule i-flax, udinga isayithi elinamanzi aphansi ajulile kanye nomhlabathi ophefumulayo ovulekile. Umhlabathi ovundile oswakeme onesilinganiso sokuminyana ofaneleka kakhulu, iflaksi ikhula kabi kakhulu kufilakisi esihlabathini. Ubumba olusindayo kanye nenhlabathi ene-asidi ayifanele lesi sitshalo. Ukunisela. Yenza ukumanzisa ngezikhathi ezithile, ugweme ukuqina kwenhlabathi endaweni enezimbali.

Esimweni sezulu esifudumele nesomile, ukuchelela kwenziwa izikhathi ezi-1-2 ngesonto, ekwindla imvamisa yokuthambisa iyancipha kancane kancane. Unganiseli ngesikhathi semvula nangesikhathi sokukhula. Ukugcina ukuhlobisa esitshalweni, izimbali ezibunile zisuswa ngokuhlelekile. Ukhula lususwa ngesikhathi, ukutshalwa kuhlulwe ngesikhathi. Ngesikhathi sokukhula okusebenzayo, ngesikhathi sokwakhiwa kwama-buds, ukugqoka okuphezulu kwenziwa ngomanyolo oyinkimbinkimbi wamaminerali. Initrogen eyeqile ekuqaleni kokukhula kwefilakisi ingaholela ekubambezelekeni kokuqhakaza kwezimbali, indawo yokuhlala kanye nokugqwala.

Imbewu yamafutha okuhlobisa

Lolu hlobo luphinde luhlukaniswe nezimbali ezinkulu ezinobubanzi obungu-4-5 cm. Ubude besitshalo buyi-30-40 cm, ezinye izibonelo zikhula ngaphezu kwemitha eyi-1. Amacembe ezimbali mancane futhi made, anemibala ehlukahlukene - ebomvu, eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka, ephuzi, ebomvu. I-Flax ithole umbala ongathandeki wezimbali ngenxa yemisebenzi yokukhetha yabalimi bezimbali, abakhiphe izinhlobo zefilakisi ezihluke kakhulu kunefilakisi evamile eluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka.

I-Oilseed flax ayikhuliswanga kuphela ngenxa yezimbali zayo ezinhle, kodwa imbewu yayo inezinto eziwusizo, iqukethe amafutha angaphezu kuka-40%, asetshenziselwa imithi, i-cosmetology, ipende kanye ne-varnish kanye nezimboni zeziqholo.

I-flax yamafutha inohlelo lwezimpande oluthuthuke kahle, ngakho-ke kuyadingeka ukuyihlwanyela noma ukutshala izithombo kude no-20-25 cm ukusuka komunye nomunye. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, izihlahla zizokhula kahle, futhi ukuphakama kuzofika ku-70 cm.

Kuyadingeka ukunakekela i-flax yamafutha ngendlela efanayo neyefilakisi enezimbali ezinkulu - amanzi, ukukhulula umhlabathi, ukondla, ukhula. Ukugqoka okuphezulu, i-potassium, i-nitrogen, i-phosphates, i-phosphorus isetshenziswa.

I-Flax yokuhlobisa engamafutha ingatshalwa ezingadini zamadwala, imibhede yezimbali kanye nemingcele, okungcono endaweni ekhanyayo, enelanga.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ezinye izinhlobo zefilakisi ezingapheli zisetshenziswa engadini yokuhlobisa - i-alpine creeping flax;

  • I-flax bellflower enezimbali eziphuzi namaqabunga ama-oblong;
  • i-flax capitate enamaqabunga amade nezimbali eziphuzi ezisagolide.

Lezi zinhlobonhlobo ziqala ukuqhakaza ngasekupheleni kwentwasahlobo, futhi ziqhakaze ngokuphelele ekwindla sekwephuzile.

Phakathi kwabalimi bezimbali, i-flax yonyaka enezimbali ezinkulu ithandwa kakhulu.


, futhi nginefilakisi elingapheli elimila endaweni yami
. Kunezinhlobo eziningi ze-flax enjalo. Kukhona phakathi kwabo iflaksi enezimbali ezibomvu, eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngisho neziphuzi. Ngithanda ilineni elihlaza okwesibhakabhaka, lifana kakhulu ne-fiber flax, okuvela kuyo, ngendlela, i-linseed oil nendwangu yelineni yenziwe.

Uhlobo lokuhlobisa lwefilakisi luneziqu ezincane, kodwa, nokho, iziqu eziqinile eziqondile, amaqabunga amancane nezimbali ezimangalisayo zasezulwini eziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka ngamacembe amahlanu, avuleka ngaphambi kwesidlo sasemini futhi kuphela ngosuku olukhanyayo libalele.

Amacembe awela ngokushesha kangangokuthi ngokushesha kwakheke ukhaphethi oluhlaza ngaphansi kwesitshalo. Kodwa nsuku zonke izimbali eziningi ziyaqhakaza, ukuze ukuqhakaza okuqhubekayo kuqhubeke kusukela ngoMeyi kuya kuJulayi.

Izifo nezinambuzane

Izinambuzane eziyinhloko ezihlupha isiko uhambo lwefilakisi, izimvemvane, amazeze efilakisi, kanye namalungiselelo akhethekile asetshenziselwa ukulwa nawo. Cishe akunakwenzeka ukulahla ngokuphelele ukusetshenziswa kwamakhemikhali engadini, mayelana nalokhu kunemibandela ethile. Izimali ezivunyelwe ukusetshenziswa:

  • akumele kube nobuthi;
  • akumele kube yingozi ezinyosini;
  • akufanele isetshenziswe ezindaweni ezivikelekile zamanzi;
  • Impilo yeshelufu kufanele ibe nezinsuku ezingaphezu kwezingama-21.

Sebenzisa imikhiqizo yokuvikela amakhemikhali kuphela uma kunengozi yokuhlasela izinambuzane. Yonke imiyalelo yokusetshenziswa kufanele ilandelwe. Ngaphambi kokusebenzisa amakhemikhali, isifo esiqondile noma izinambuzane ziyasungulwa. Kumele kuqashelwe ukuthi kakade abalimi abaningi kanye nabanikazi bezindawo ezincane zengadi banciphise kakhulu noma balahle ngokuphelele imikhiqizo yokuvikela amakhemikhali.

Ukunciphisa ukuvela kwezifo ezinzima, kuyadingeka ukulandela imithetho eyisisekelo ye-agronomic:

  • I-Flax itshalwa endaweni efanayo hhayi ngaphezu kokukodwa njalo eminyakeni engu-7;
  • Ukuhlwanyela sebenzisa imbewu eqinisekisiwe;
  • Vundisa umhlabathi ngokuhambisana nezincomo;
  • Sebenzisa izinhlobo zokuzalanisa zefilakisi ezimelana nezifo.

Uma kune-nitrogen eyeqile enhlabathini, leli qiniso linciphisa ukumelana nezifo. Ukuntuleka kwe-potassium kubi kakhulu izinga lemicu, kwandisa ukuthuthukiswa kwezifo ezitshalweni. I-zinc eyanele, i-boron, ithusi, i-manganese emhlabathini isiza ukulwa nezifo.

Imbali kufanele itshalwe kanjani?

Ukukhula kwefilakisi ngesikhathi sokhokho bethu kwakubhekwa njengento ebalulekile futhi enomthwalo wemfanelo kakhulu. Lokhu kwakungenxa yokuthi lesi sitshalo sasibhekwa njengesibaluleke kakhulu. Amafutha, ufulawa ayenziwa kuwo, amalineni ayelukiwe, asetshenziselwa ukuvikela izindlu. Yingakho okhokho bethu beqoqe yonke izikhali zolwazi mayelana nesikhathi sokutshala nokuvuna iflakisi.

Ngakho-ke, isibonelo, isibonakaliso sokuhlwanyela kwakuwukuqhakaza komlotha wezintaba, ukuvulwa kwama-oak buds kanye ne-cuckoo's cuckoo. Ngokuvamile lesi sikhathi sawela engxenyeni yesibili kaMeyi. Ngaphezu kwazo zonke izimpawu, kunakwa kakhulu isimo sezwe. Umhlabathi kufanele ube nomswakama kakhulu futhi ngesikhathi esifanayo ufudumale ngokwanele. Kwakudingeka ukutshala imbewu emhlabathini ngaphambi komkhosi wabaNgcwele uHelena noConstantine.

Namuhla, ezinye zezeluleko zokhokho ziyalalelwa, kodwa ezinye izincomo ziye zavela ezihlobene nokushintsha kwesimo sezulu kanye nobuchwepheshe besimanje. Abalimi abaningi baphendukela ekhalendeni lenyanga, okusho ukuthi kulula kakhulu ukunquma izinsuku ezifanele zokuhlwanyela iflakisi. Ngenxa yezimo zezulu zanamuhla, kungenzeka ukutshala isitshalo ngasekupheleni kuka-Ephreli noma ekuqaleni kukaMeyi. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, njengangaphambili, isimo senhlabathi kufanele sinakwe.

Lapho ukhula i-flax, udinga ukwazi ukuthi ayimelani nesithwathwa. Amazinga okushisa angaphansi kuka + 3ºС ayabulala kuye. Kulokhu, lapho kuvuna, kuyafiseleka ukuyisiphula. Ukuze uthole isivuno esihle, inhlabathi akufanele igcwale amanzi. Kodwa ukuxega kwenhlabathi, ngokuphambene nalokho, kunomphumela omuhle ekukhuleni kwesitshalo, ngoba ngenxa yalokhu uhlelo lwempande luthola inani elanele le-oxygen.

Ngokuvamile i-flax ibonakala emiphumeleni emibi yesikhunta. Ukulwa nabo, abalimi basebenzisa ama-fungicides. Ukukhipha ukhula nakho kunendima ebalulekile ekukhuleni. Kuyadingeka ukuqinisekisa ukuthi ukhula aluminzi izithombo ezisanda kuvela zesitshalo esilinyiwe. Ukuvuna kuvame ukuqala ekuqaleni kukaSepthemba, lapho isimo sezulu somile futhi sifudumele. Ngakho-ke, iziqu ziyakhishwa futhi zomiswe ngezithungu. Ukunakwa okukhethekile kunikezwa umbala weziqu: kufanele zibe phuzi elikhanyayo. Yilo mbala okhombisa ukuthi lesi sitshalo asikakabuni.

Ukusetshenziswa kwembewu yefilakisi

Emisebenzini yezokwelapha nasemithini yesintu, i-filakisi imbewu yefilakisi isetshenziswa ngaphakathi nangaphandle. Kuzo zombili izimo, kusetshenziswa umphumela ovalayo nowokulwa nokuvuvukala: lapho uthathwa ngomlomo, i-mucus imboza indawo ethintekile, ikhulula ukucasuka, izinhlungu ngesikhathi sezinqubo zokuvuvukala kulwelwesi lwamafinyila lomgudu wokugaya ukudla ngezilonda zesisu kanye ne-duodenal, i-colitis nesifo sikaCrohn. I-mucus ne-glycoside linamarin idala umphumela omncane we-laxative wembewu yefilakisi. Izakhiwo ezizuzisayo ze-filakisi mucus nazo zisetshenziselwa ubuthi (ikakhulukazi ngama-irritants), ukuvuvukala kwezinso nesinye, i-cholelithiasis, nokukhwehlela okomile.

Kulula kakhulu futhi kuyashesha ukulungisa amafinyila embewu yefilakisi: amagremu ama-3 embewu yefilakisi athululelwa ku-1/2 indebe yamanzi ashisayo abilisiwe futhi anyakaziswa imizuzu eyi-15, bese ehlungwa. Wamukelwe thatha 1 isipuni izikhathi 4 ngosuku. I-mucus kufanele ilungiswe nsuku zonke, ngoba. iwohloka ngokushesha ekugcinweni kwayo.

Ama-flaxseeds agayiwe asetshenziswa ngendlela yephalishi le-flaxseed njenge-laxative emnene kanye nokulahlekelwa isisindo, ukuhlanza amathumbu. Kulokhu, umphumela we-linamarin glycoside, onomphumela wokulawula ku-motility yamathumbu kanye nomsebenzi wemfihlo, ubonakala. Ingathathwa njenge-laxative emnene kanye nokuhlanza ngokwayo, imbewu entsha yonke noma unamathisele we-flaxseed ochotshoziwe.

Ukuvuvukala kokuqukethwe kwepheshana lesisu, imbewu icasula ngokuzenzakalelayo ama-receptors ezindonga zamathumbu, ngaleyo ndlela ithuthukise i-peristalsis, ikhuthaze ukugqugquzelwa kwendle, futhi inikeze umphumela wokuvinjelwa nokulwa nokuvuvukala.

Ngalezi zinhloso, thatha amathisipuni ama-3 embewu yefilakisi egcwele noma echotshoziwe ngengilazi engu-1 yamanzi noma ubisi, shiya amahora angu-3 ngokuxubha njalo, futhi uphuze ngokushesha ngaphambi kokulala.

Njengengxenye yamaqoqo ayinkimbinkimbi, imbewu yefilakisi isetshenziselwa i-cholelithiasis, urolithiasis, i-pancreatitis, ukukhuluphala ngokweqile nokukhuluphala, i-atherosclerosis, izigaba zokuqala ze-oncology njenge-antioxidant, ukwelashwa ngemisebe, nokuhlasela kwe-helminthic.

Iresiphi yokuhlanza nokunciphisa ukuvuvukala kwamathumbu: faka izipuni ezimbili zembewu yefilakisi ku-thermos bese uthela amalitha angu-0.5 wamanzi abilayo, ushiye ubusuku bonke, ucindezele futhi uphuze 1/2 indebe ngaphambi kokudla.

Ngaphandle, imbewu yefilakisi isetshenziswa ngendlela yokucindezela ukuvuvukala kwesikhumba, amathumba, ukushisa.

Imbewu eshisayo eyomile emasakeni isetshenziselwa ukushisa okujulile emakhazeni, i-radiculitis, i-myositis.

Ngaphambi kokusebenzisa izindlela zokupheka ngembewu yefilakisi, kunconywa ukuthi uthintane nodokotela, kubalulekile ukuthi ungabangeli ukukhushulwa, ikakhulukazi ngomchamo kanye ne-cholelithiasis.

Izici eziwusizo zefilakisi

Ngaphezu kokuqhakaza kwezimbali ezinhle, nokukhulela imicu yezitshalo, imbewu yefilakisi inenani lezinto ezizuzisayo emzimbeni womuntu. Imbewu icebile ikakhulukazi ku-Omega 3, 6 kanye ne-9. Umkhiqizo uwusizo ekugayeni ukudla, uthuthukisa isimo sesikhumba, izinwele nezinzipho. Imbewu yefilakisi ithathwa ngenxa yesifo sezinso, ukuphazamiseka kwe-hormonal, umkhuhlane ovamile, i-bronchitis, i-atherosclerosis, isifo sikashukela. I-mucous flax decoctions kanye ne-kissels umuthi omuhle kakhulu wesisu esigulayo.

Imbewu yefilakisi yengezwa kumasaladi abandayo, okusanhlamvu, i-jelly iyalungiswa, noma ivele idliwe ngamanzi noma ijusi. Inhlanganisela ye-flaxseed ne-kefir izoletha inzuzo ethile emgudwini wamathumbu.

Okubalulekile! Ngaphezu kuka-2 tbsp. izinkezo zembewu yefilakisi ngosuku akufanele zidliwe. Umthamo ophelele wokuqinisa ukuzivikela komzimba ngu-8-10 g.

Ekhemisi awukwazi ukuthenga imbewu yefilakisi kuphela, kodwa futhi namafutha e-linseed. Kuyasiza ukuyengeza nsuku zonke kumasaladi ngaphandle kokwelashwa kokushisa.

Ku-cosmetology, imbewu yefilakisi isetshenziswa njengengxenye yokuhlanza izikhuhla, imaski ebushelelezi.

Bheka futhi ividiyo

I-Flax ayisona isilimo esivame kakhulu ezitshalweni zasekhaya. Ungayikhulisa ekhaya ngokulandela izincomo ezivela esihlokweni. Sizokutshela indlela yokulungisa kahle imbewu nomhlabathi wokuhlwanyela, kanye nokunakekela isitshalo.

Uma usuvele uzame ukukhulisa i-flax, kodwa wehluleka, hlola isigaba sezinambuzane nezifo zezitshalo. Futhi amathiphu okuvuna nokugcina isivuno azokusiza ukuthi ulungiselele izinto zokusetshenziswa zokukhiqiza izindwangu zemvelo ngezandla zakho.


0 replies on “I-flax enezimbali ezinkulu - ikhula kusuka embewini. Kanjani”

Ich meine, dass das Thema sehr interessant ist. Ich biete Ihnen es an, hier oder in PM zu besprechen.

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