Abadlali bebhola baseSoviet kanye nezibalo zezemidlalo abazalwane

Abadlali bebhola abadumile ochungechungeni lwe-ZhZL.

U-Okthoba 22 uphawula iminyaka engu-90 yokuzalwa komdlali webhola lezinyawo ovelele, unozinti ongcono kakhulu wekhulu lama-20 ngokusho kweFIFA, okuwukuphela kukanozinti phakathi kwabaphumelele umklomelo weGolden Ball, uLev Ivanovich Yashin (1929-1990).
Usuku lokugubha usuku lucishe luqondane noSuku Lwebhola laseRussia - Okthoba 24. Ngo-Okthoba 12 (ngokwesitayela esisha - i-24), i-1897, eSt. ngamaphuzu angu-6:0.
Uchungechunge lweZhZL lulungiselelwe iholidi kusengaphambili: emuva ngo-2014, incwadi kaVladimir Galedin ethi "Lev Yashin" yanyatheliswa kuyo - i-biography ephelele yomdlali webhola lezinyawo. Vele, intshisekelo yochungechunge lwezincwadi ezindala kunazo zonke eRussia kumdlalo othandwa kakhulu awukhawulelwe kulokhu. Kodwa eminyakeni yamuva nje, iZhZL ishicilele izincwadi mayelana nezinkanyezi zebhola lethu u-Eduard Streltsov, uFedor Cherenkov, abazalwane baseStarostin, uVsevolod Bobrov, mayelana nabaqeqeshi uKonstantin Beskov, uValery Lobanovsky noViktor Maslov, kanye neqoqo elithi "Guards of Soviet Football" . Lezi zincwadi, ezibhalwe izintatheli zezemidlalo ezihamba phambili, zethula abafundi ngolwazi lwabadlali bebhola abadumile. Futhi lokhu okuhlangenwe nakho uthi kuphela ukuthi umsubathi angaba mkhulu ngempela, okuyinto eyigugu kakhulu akuyona imali nodumo oluyihlazo, kodwa udumo lweqembu lakhe kanye nezwe lakhe.

Ngokuvamile, izincwadi eziphathelene nempumelelo yabasubathi abavelele ziye zanyatheliswa ochungechungeni lweZhZL isikhathi eside. Ngokwesibonelo, emuva ngo-1973, kwanyatheliswa iqoqo, elalibizwa ngokuthi “Abasubathi” futhi lalihlanganisa nezindaba eziphathelene nalabo abafinyelela phezulu emidlalweni ehlukahlukene. Laba bangochwepheshe be-wrestler u-Ivan Poddubny, nomdlali we-chess ovelele u-Alexander Alekhin, kanye no-alpinist-master wezemidlalo uMikhail Khergiani, kanye nomshushuluzi odumile waseSoviet uLyubov Kulakova ... Futhi ngo-1980, ekuqaleni kweMidlalo Yama-Olympic eMoscow, elinye iqoqo le-biographical. yakhululwa - "Soviet Olympians".
Kude nakho konke esiphethweni sabadlali bebhola abadumile kwavela kahle, abaningi babo babejwayele ukudumazeka okubuhlungu nokulahlekelwa, futhi indlela eya kwezemidlalo yesikhathi esikhulu yayivame ukuba nzima kakhulu. Kodwa amandla engqondo, isifiso sokuwina, ukushisekela izwe, ukuhlonishwa kanye nesithunzi salaba bantu okuba yisibonelo esihle sokufundisa isizukulwane esisha sabasubathi nabalandeli.

1. Ukuqoqwa "Abalindi bebhola laseSoviet" (ababhali - izintatheli zezemidlalo uPavel Vasiliev no-Oleg Lytkin, 2015).
“Le ncwadi ihlanganisa umlando wabadlali bebhola bebhola baseSoviet abayishumi nanye ababa yizinganekwane ngesikhathi sokuphila kwabo, hhayi nje ngenxa yobungcweti babo bebhola. UMikhail Yakushin no-Andrey Starostin, uGrigory Fedotov noKonstantin Beskov, uVsevolod Bobrov noNikita Simonyan, uLev Yashin no-Igor Netto, uValentin Ivanov, u-Eduard Streltsov noValery Voronin - ngayinye yalezi zingcweti ezinkulu zesikhathi esidlule zakha inkathi emlandweni waseRussia. ezemidlalo. Ababhali bencwadi balinganisela ukulandisa kwabo ngeminyaka yamashumi ayisithupha ekhulwini lamashumi amabili. Okusho ukuthi, ngesikhathi lapho ibhola lethu lisenamandla asabekayo futhi ahlonishwayo emhlabeni wonke, futhi abadlali bebhola - kungakhathaliseki ukuthi kubonakala kumangalisa kangakanani namuhla - bangena enkundleni hhayi ngenxa yemali, kodwa ukuze bajabulise. izethameli ngomdlalo wazo futhi ilethe udumo ekilabhini yabo nasezweni lakhe.”

2. Lev Ivanovich Yashin (1929-1990) - Umdlali webhola lezinyawo waseSoviet, unozinti, owayedlalela iDynamo Moscow kanye neqembu lesizwe lase-USSR. Iqhawe lama-Olympic ngo-1956 kanye neqhawe laseYurophu ngo-1960, iqhawe lezikhathi ezinhlanu ze-USSR, I-Honored Master of Sports yase-USSR kusukela ngo-1957. Nguye kuphela unozinti emlandweni owine iBallon d'Or. Uthathwa njengomunye wonozinti bokuqala ebholeni lomhlaba abawazi kahle lo mdlalo ezindaweni zokuphuma nakuyo yonke indawo yokujeziswa.

ZhZL "Lev Yashin" (umbhali - umbhali kanye nentatheli uVladimir Galedin, 2014).
“Alikho igama elikhulu kunawo wonke emlandweni wezemidlalo kazwelonke. Umnqobi weNdebe YaseYurophu kanye nompetha wama-Olympic, ukuphela komnqobi waseRussia weGolide Ball - umklomelo womdlali webhola lezinyawo ongcono kakhulu eYurophu - futhi owayengunozinti wokuqala futhi osenguye yedwa emhlabeni ukunqoba le ndebe, wayefanelwe uthando nenhlonipho yendawo yonke. kanye nezimfanelo zakhe zobuntu - ukuhlonipheka okungavamile, isizotha, ukuzinikela ngokuzidela eqenjini lakhe lokuzalwa - Dynamo Moscow. Le ncwadi isitshela mayelana ezemidlalo nokuphila indlela Lev Ivanovich Yashin.

3. Abazalwane be-Starostin bangabadlali bebhola baseSoviet kanye nezibalo zezemidlalo.

ZhZL "Starostin Brothers" (ababhali - isazi-mlando football Boris Duhon kanye intatheli yezemidlalo Georgy Morozov, 2012).
“Izelamani zakwaStarostin ziyinto eyingqayizivele emlandweni wezemidlalo. Baba inganekwane ngesikhathi sokuphila kwabo, futhi bobane ngesikhathi esisodwa - Nikolai, Alexander, Andrei futhi uPetru. Ingqondo yabo eyinhloko umphakathi wezemidlalo kanye neqembu lebhola lezinyawo laseSpartak, elidalwe yimizamo yabo futhi eliye laba into yokukhulekelwa kwezigidi zabalandeli. Abukho isibonelo esifanayo ebholeni lomhlaba: umdala wabazalwane, u-Nikolai Petrovich, waqala imisebenzi yakhe yezemidlalo ngisho nangaphambi kokuvukela umbuso, futhi ngo-1935 waba "unkulunkulu" we-Spartak yamanje, aqhubeka ehola kwaze kwaba sekufeni kwakhe. 1996. Cishe ikhulu leminyaka enikelwe ebholeni! Ngaphezu kwalokho, ezimisweni zokuphatha iqembu, wayengaphambi kwesikhathi sakhe. Owesithathu wabazalwane, u-Andrei Petrovich, wasebenza njengenhloko yeqembu lesizwe lase-USSR, futhi impumelelo yethu enkulu kunazo zonke ebholeni ihlotshaniswa negama lakhe - ngokuwina i-European Championship ngo-1960.

4. UKonstantin Ivanovich Beskov (1920-2006) - Umdlali webhola lezinyawo waseSoviet nomqeqeshi webhola. Udlale iDynamo Moscow, waqeqesha wonke amakilabhu ahamba phambili eMoscow kanye neqembu lesizwe lase-USSR.

ZhZL "Beskov" (ababhali - umbhali kanye nentatheli uVladimir Galedin kanye nomhleli iphephandaba ezemidlalo Alexei Shchukin, 2015).
"UKonstantin Ivanovich Beskov uthatha indawo ekhethekile emlandweni webhola laseRussia. Umdlali wezemidlalo owaziwayo futhi oyintandokazi yomphakathi, ongomunye wabagadli ababukhali nabakhiqiza kakhulu beDynamo Moscow kanye neqembu lesizwe lase-USSR ngasekupheleni kwawo-1940 nasekuqaleni kwawo-1950, waba umqeqeshi ovelele, esenze uguquko lwangempela ekuqondeni lo mdlalo othandwa kakhulu. izigidi. Ubunikazi benkampani bamaqembu ahlukene awabekile, abadlali abaningi abakhulisile, abakha inkazimulo yebhola leSoviet neRussia, izizukulwane zabalandeli ezikhuliswe ngobuciko bakhe - konke lokhu kuyimiphumela yomsebenzi wakhe, noma kunalokho, impilo. ezinikele ngokuphelele ebholeni. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ubunikazi be-Beskov bungakacaciswanga, abalobi bencwadi baqinisekile. Ukulandela indlela yokuphila yalokhu "okungenakwenzeka", ngokusho kwabaningi, umuntu, basondela ekwambulweni kwesimo sakhe,

5. U-Eduard Anatolyevich Streltsov (1937-1990) - Umdlali webhola lezinyawo waseSoviet owayedlala njengomgadli futhi owaduma ngokudlalela iklabhu yebhola yaseMoscow iTorpedo neqembu lesizwe lase-USSR ngeminyaka yawo-1950 nasengxenyeni yesibili yawo-1960. Njengengxenye eMoscow "Torpedo" waba iqhawe USSR ngo-1965, futhi ngo-1968 wawina Cup USSR. Njengengxenye yeqembu lesizwe laseSoviet, wawina isicoco sokuba ngumpetha wama-Olympic ngo-1956. I-Honored Master of Sports ye-USSR (1957, 1967), owawina kabili umklomelo we-"Football" yamasonto onke njengomdlali webhola lezinyawo ongcono kakhulu wonyaka e-USSR (1967, 1968). Ikleliswe endaweni yesine enanini lamagoli ahloselwe iqembu lesizwe lase-USSR.
U-Streltsov ubhekwa njengomunye wabadlali abahamba phambili emlandweni webhola laseSoviet, izintatheli eziningi zezemidlalo ziqhathaniswa noPele. Wayehlukaniswa ngobuchule bakhe obukhaliphile futhi wayengomunye wabokuqala ukwenza amakhono akhe okudlula esithendeni aphelele. Nokho umsebenzi wakhe wonakala ngo-1958 ngaphambi kokuqala kweNdebe yoMhlaba eSweden, lapho eboshelwe amacala okudlwengula intombazane eneminyaka engu-20 ubudala. Naphezu kokuntuleka kobufakazi obuqondile, uStreltsov watholakala enecala futhi wagwetshwa iminyaka engu-12 ejele. Eminyakeni emihlanu kamuva, wakhululwa waqhubeka nokudlala eTorpedo, kodwa akabange esakhanya njengaseminyakeni edlule, futhi wawuqeda umsebenzi wakhe ngo-1970.

Ochungechungeni lwe-ZhZL kukhona ama-biographies amabili omdlali webhola lezinyawo waseSoviet ovelele. Incwadi yokuqala yavela ngo-2002 ngumlobi wezemidlalo, intatheli u-Alexander Nilin.
Indaba yesibili ngaye yanyatheliswa ngo-2017, incwadi yalungiswa ngumlobi kanye nentatheli uVladimir Galedin:
"Phambili weqembu laseMoscow "Torpedo" kanye neqembu lesizwe laseSoviet Union, u-Eduard Streltsov, wayebizwa ngokufanele ngokuthi ungqondongqondo webhola, umdlali webhola lezwe ngempela. Wakhanya ezinkundleni zebhola emuva ngasekupheleni kwawo-1950 - kwathi, ngesizathu esaziwayo nesingemnandi kakhulu, wanyamalala emkhakheni wokubuka izigidi zabalandeli iminyaka emihlanu. Kodwa wathola amandla okubuyela - ekuphileni okuvamile nasebholeni, waba umdlali ongcono kakhulu wezwe futhi omunye wabadlali bebhola abahamba phambili eYurophu. Umbhali wencwadi, igxathu negxathu, ulandelela indlela yokuphila yomdlali ovelele nomuntu oyingqayizivele, isiphetho sakhe, njengeconsi lamanzi, sabonisa ukuguquguquka komlando omangalisayo wezwe lethu.”

6. U-Valery Vasilyevich Lobanovsky (1939-2002) - Umdlali webhola lezinyawo waseSoviet nase-Ukraine kanye nomqeqeshi webhola. Umeluleki wesikhathi eside we-Dynamo Kyiv, ekhanda lakhe wawina i-Cup Winners 'Cup kabili kanye ne-European Super Cup. Kathathu wayengumeluleki weqembu lesizwe lase-USSR, lapho abe yi-vice-champion yaseYurophu ngo-1988. Umqeqeshi oyinhloko weqembu lase-Ukraine ngo-2000-2001. UColonel Wenkonzo Yangaphakathi.
Ungowesibili umqeqeshi oneziqu eziningi emlandweni webhola lomhlaba. U-Valery Lobanovsky ufakwe ohlwini lwabaqeqeshi abangu-50 abahamba phambili kule ngxenye yekhulu leminyaka edlule (1959-2009) ngokusho kukamagazini we-World Soccer.

ZhZL "Lobanovsky" (umbhali - intatheli kanye nesazi-mlando u-Alexander Gorbunov, 2018).
“Le ncwadi inikezelwe kumdlali webhola ovelele nomqeqeshi uValery Vasilyevich Lobanovsky. Umqeqeshi "ohamba phambili" ebholeni laseSoviet kamuva kwase-Ukraine, owaziwa njengomunye wabasunguli abakhulu balo mdlalo emhlabeni wonke, uLobanovsky wayengumuntu oyinkimbinkimbi, njalo, ngaphansi kwanoma yiliphi igunya, ezisele yena - futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke, uchwepheshe wezobuciko. isigaba esiphezulu. Ukungagwegwesi kwakhe nokunamathela ezimisweni akuzange kufane nabaningi - futhi ngokwengxenye lokhu kwakuyisizathu sokuvela kwamahemuhemu ahlukahlukene azungezile, futhi ngezinye izikhathi amanga aluhlaza. Umbhali wencwadi, owayazi Valery Vasilievich eduze futhi umngane wakhe, debucks lezi izinganekwane, ekhuluma ngobuntu umqeqeshi ovelele futhi ekhuluma amaqiniso amaningi amasha mayelana nomlando wezemidlalo Russian.

7. UViktor Alexandrovich Maslov (1910-1977, eMoscow, e-USSR) - Umdlali webhola lezinyawo waseSoviet nomqeqeshi, umdlali wasesiswini. I-Master of Sports ye-USSR, Umqeqeshi Ohloniphekile we-SSR yase-Ukraine (1966), Umqeqeshi Ohloniphekile we-USSR (1960).

ZhZL "Victor Maslov" (umbhali - intatheli kanye nesazi-mlando u-Alexander Gorbunov, 2018).
"Igama lomqeqeshi ovelele webhola uViktor Aleksandrovich Maslov alaziwa kakhulu kubalandeli bebhola banamuhla, abajwayele kuphela amagama "anyusiwe" avela njalo emaphephandabeni. Phakathi naleso sikhathi, emhlabeni wonke, uMaslov waziwa njengomunye wabasunguli balo mdlalo, ngaphambi kwesikhathi sakhe futhi wabeka isisekelo sebhola elidlalwa ekhulwini lama-21. Ngasekupheleni kwawo-1950 - ekuqaleni kwawo-1960, yena, umkhiqizi wezimoto zomdabu, empeleni wadala "iqembu lamaphupho" - i-Moscow "Torpedo", eyenza izigidi zabalandeli bathandane naye - futhi wayenza iqhawe le-USSR, ephula. ukubusa kwamakilabhu amathathu eMoscow - "Dynamo", "Spartak" ne-CSKA, bese kuthi, exoshwe "Torpedo", izikhathi ezintathu kwaholela e-Dynamo Kiev emqhudelwaneni, okwenza i-Kyiv ibe inhloko-dolobha yebhola leSoviet iminyaka eminingi. Ngo-2010, uhlelo olugunyaziwe lwaseBrithani lwe "World Soccer" uVictor Maslov - onguchwepheshe waseRussia kuphela! - uqanjwe njengomunye wabaqeqeshi bebhola abangu-50 abaphezulu bengxenye yekhulu edlule.

8. UFedor Fedorovich Cherenkov (1959-2014) Umdlali webhola lezinyawo waseSoviet naseRussia, umdlali wasesiswini. Uchithe ingxenye enkulu yomsebenzi wakhe njengengxenye yeSpartak Moscow, ephethe irekhodi lekilabhu emidlalweni edlaliwe. Udlale imidlalo engama-34 yeqembu lesizwe lase-USSR.

ZhZL "Fyodor Cherenkov. Ngihlala enkundleni kuphela" (ababhali - umlobi kanye nentatheli uVladimir Galedin kanye nomlobi wephephandaba le-Sport-Express, intatheli yezemidlalo kanye nomlobi u-Igor Rabiner).
"UFyodor Cherenkov wayebizwa ngokufanele ngokuthi "umdlali webhola labantu". Wonke umuntu wayemthanda - hhayi abalandeli bakaSpartak kuphela - iklabhu anikela kuyo impilo yakhe yonke futhi wayidlalela inombolo yerekhodi lemidlalo, kodwa futhi neqembu lezempi, iDynamo, abalandeli bakwamanye amadolobha namaRiphabhulikhi ase-United ngaleso sikhathi. I-Soviet Union. Futhi lapho eshona ngo-2014 - eneminyaka engamashumi amahlanu nanhlanu kuphela! - abantu abangaphezu kwezinkulungwane ezingu-15 beza ukuzovalelisa kuye enkundleni yezemidlalo yaseSpartak eSokolniki. Abantu abaningi emlandweni webhola laseRussia bangcwatshwa ababili kuphela: yena no-Eduard Streltsov. Laba ababili, abathandekayo kakhulu, babebizwa ngothando ngabantu ngamagama abo: u-Edik noFedya. Futhi sasingekho isidingo sokuchaza ukuthi yayimayelana nani.
Isiphetho esijabulisayo futhi ngesikhathi esifanayo esibuhlungu salo muntu ohlanzekile futhi okhanyayo, "umculi womdlalo" oyingqayizivele, uchazwa encwadini ka-Igor Rabiner noVladimir Galedin. Ababhali (omunye wabo owayazi uCherenkov ingxenye yesine yekhulu) babe namahora amaningi ezingxoxo nabantu ababazi kangcono umdlali webhola lezinyawo ovelele kunabanye - umngane wakhe oseduze nomlingani wakhe wesikhathi eside e-Spartak, ozakwabo, bobabili abafazi, indodakazi. , nabanye abaningi. Siphindaphinda konke lokhu ngocwaningo olunzulu kakhulu lwabezindaba lwaminyaka yonke uCherenkov awuchitha ebholeni nangemva kwawo, futhi sithola incwadi ependa isithombe sakhe esinezinhlangothi eziningi ngokususelwa enanini elikhulu lamaqiniso amasha kubafundi namachashazi okuthi “i” ku. izinganekwane eziningi ezizungeze igama lakhe eliyinganekwane. "

Yimuphi umlandeli webhola, ikakhulukazi umlandeli weMoscow "Spartak", ongazi ukuthi obani abazalwane baseStarostin? Igama lalaba badlali bebhola abadumile bake baduma kulo lonke i-Union, kodwa, ngeshwa, udumo lwabo aluhlotshaniswa nje nempumelelo yezemidlalo, kodwa futhi nokushushiswa kwezombusazwe. Ngokuvamile, into enjalo yabafowethu abane abadumile babadlali bebhola cishe yiyona kuphela ezweni lakithi. Ake sithole ngokuningiliziwe ukuthi obani abazalwane bakwa-Starostin. I-biography kanye nomsebenzi webhola ngamunye wabo kuzoba yisihloko esizocatshangelwa.

abazalwane abadala

Umsuka wohlobo

Abazalwane bakwa-Starostin babengabomndeni wabalindi bofuzo. Okhokho babo bavela esifundazweni sasePskov. Inhloso eyinhloko yokuzingela kwabo kwakuyibhere, impungushe, impisi, i-snipe enkulu, i-corncrake, i-woodcock, i-snipe. Ngaphezu kokuzingela, babetshala izinja zokuzingela. Abanye babo baze bathola izicoco zobuqhawe emiqhudelwaneni eyahlukene.

Ikakhulukazi, ubaba womndeni, uPyotr Ivanovich Starostin, wayengumzingeli we-Imperial Hunting Society. Umama wayengowesifazane ompofu u-Alexandra Stepanovna.

Ukuzalwa nobungane

Kusukela esifundazweni Pskov umndeni wathuthela eMoscow. Kulapho bonke abazalwane bakwa-Starostin bazalelwa khona. Izibulo kubo, uNikolai, wazalwa ngo-February 1902, esifundeni Presnya eMoscow.

Ebusika, umndeni wawuhlala eMoscow, futhi ehlobo edolobhaneni lasePogost, esifundeni sasePeryaslavsky esifundazweni saseVladimir, ezweni lase-Alexandra Starostina. Manje lezi zindawo zingaphansi kwesifunda saseYaroslavl. Kulapho, ngo-August 1903, lapho wazalelwa indodana yesibili, u-Alexander.

Phakathi nokuhlala kwakhe okulandelayo eMoscow, ngo-October 1906, u-Alexandra Starostina wabeletha indodana yakhe yesithathu, u-Andrei. Unkulunkulu wakhe wayengumkhiqizi wezindwangu A.N. Gribov, owayexhunywe ukuzingela okuhlangene noPeter Starostin.

Omncane kubazalwane, uPeter, wazalelwa ePogost, njengo-Alexander. Lesi senzakalo esibalulekile senzeka ngo-August 1909.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi izelamani ezimbili ze-Starostin zazalelwa eMoscow, kanti ezinye ezimbili ePogost.

Nakuba izingane zachitha isikhathi esiningi enhloko-dolobha yesibili yombuso, ngaleso sikhathi eyayibhekwa njengeMoscow, noma kunjalo, izinkumbulo zabo ezifudumele zihlangene nesigodi sasePeryaslavsky. Izingane zazihlanganyela ekwenzeni utshani nokuhlwanyela, futhi zazikwenza ngokuthanda kwazo, ngaphandle kokuphoqwa abantu abadala. Njengokulindelekile, abazalwane babekuthanda nokuzingela.

bazalwane abadala amambuka

Kusukela ebuntwaneni, abazalwane be-Starostin babehileleke emidlalweni ehlukahlukene: i-table tennis, i-skiing, i-athletics, isibhakela futhi-ke, i-hockey nebhola. Ngaphezu kwalokho, u-Andrei wayethanda ukulandela imincintiswano eyenzeka eHippodrome.

Ngemva kokuvukela umbuso ngo-1917, lo mkhaya wawulambile futhi kwadingeka uthuthele emaphandleni. Ngokushesha, ngo-1920, ubaba womkhaya, uPeter Starostin, wabulawa isifo se-typhus. Ngemva kwalokho, ukuphila kwabantu abadala kwaqala kubazalwane.

Izikhathi ezinzima

Ngemva kokushona kukayise, umthwalo oyinhloko wokondla umkhaya wawela emahlombe omdala wabazalwane, uNikolai, ngaleso sikhathi owayeneminyaka engu-18 ubudala. Udlale ihokhi ebusika kanye nebhola ehlobo, edlalela iqembu leRussian Gymnasium Society (RGO) kusukela ngo-1917. Ngemva konyaka, umfowabo wesibili u-Alexander waqala ukudlala kuwo.

Ngakho abazalwane be-Starostin beza emdlalweni omkhulu - abadlali bebhola ogama lakhe laduma ezweni lonke.

U-Andrei naye wathuthela eMoscow, futhi waqala ukuziphilisa esitolo sokulungisa i-MOZO, ethola umsebenzi wokuba umsizi womshini wokukhiya.

Abanduleli be "Spartacus"

Ngo-1922, ngemva kokuhlanganiswa kwe-Russian Geographical Society ne "Society of Physical Education" (EFV), ekuqaleni komdlali webhola odumile kanye nomsebenzi wezemidlalo u-Ivan Artemyev, kwasungulwa iqembu elisha - i-MKS ("I-Moscow Sports Circle of Krasnopresnensky District"), lapho u-Nikolai, u-Alexander no-Andrey bajoyina. Kwaba leli qembu owaba umanduleli odumile eMoscow Spartak.

I-Starostin Brothers football club

Ngaleso sikhathi kwakungekho mqhudelwano we-All-Union club, ngakho iklabhu yabamba iqhaza eMoscow Championship. Ngesizini yokuqala waphoqeleka ukuba aqale ekilasini "B" ubuqhawe edolobheni, kodwa ngokushesha wathatha indawo yokuqala entwasahlobo nasekwindla imincintiswano, ngaleyo ndlela uthole ilungelo lokudlala ekilasini "A".

Ngo-1923, i-Starostin Brothers football club yaqanjwa kabusha ngokuthi i-Krasnaya Presnya. Ekilasini "A", iqembu, lapho abazalwane abathathu badlala khona, benza okungaphezu kokuphumelela, bethatha indawo yokuqala ku-capital Championship.

Esikhathini esizayo, igama leqembu selishintshile izikhathi ezingaphezu kwesisodwa. Ngo-1926 - 1930 yayibizwa ngokuthi "Pishcheviki", futhi kusukela ngo-1931 kuya ku-1934 - "ukubambisana kwezimboni". Lokhu kushintsha kwegama kwakungenxa yokuthi ngemuva kokuhlelwa kabusha kwebhola lasekhaya ngo-1926, amakilabhu avunyelwa ukuxhuma abaxhasi nokuxhasa ngezimali. Eqenjini le-Starostin, babengabakhiqizi bokudla abahlukahlukene. U-Nikolay ngokwakhe kwadingeka abambe iqhaza ekufuneni abaxhasi.

Ngalesi sikhathi, umfowabo omncane uPetru wangena eMoscow Institute of Physics and Technology e-silicate faculty. Kodwa ngo-1931 waphoqeleka ukuba ayeke izifundo zakhe ngenxa yezizathu zomndeni, futhi wajoyina abanye abazalwane ngaleso sikhathi ababedlalela iqembu lePromkooperatsia.

Ngo-1932, bobane abazalwane basuka ePromkooperatsia baya eqenjini laseDukat, elixhaswe imboni kagwayi enegama elifanayo. Kodwa-ke, uma kubhekwa ukuthi womabili amaqembu abesemnyangweni we-Union of Food Workers, singasho ukuthi ukudluliselwa kwabadlali abahamba phambili besuka ePromkooperatsia baya eDukat bekuwukudluliselwa kweqembu. Ngo-1933, iqembu lathatha indawo yesibili eMoscow Championship.

Ngo-1934, Starostins waphinde wabuyela Promkooperatsia, okuyinto ngokushesha iwine ubuqhawe edolobheni. Sekukonke, kusukela ngo-1923 kuya ku-1935, amakilabhu lapho abazalwane babedlala baba ompetha baseMoscow izikhathi ezine. Ngaphezu kwalokho, abazalwane badlala emaqenjini kazwelonke e-USSR naseMoscow, okaputeni bayo ngeminyaka yama-30s kwakunguNikolai no-Alexander, ngokulandelana. Njengengxenye yeqembu lesizwe laseMoscow, ngokuphindaphindiwe baba ngompetha be-RSFSR kanye ne-USSR ebholeni.

Imfundo "Spartacus"

Ngo-1935, umholi we-All-Union Komsomol u-Alexander Kosarev, ngesisekelo seqembu le-Promkooperatsia, wakha inhlangano yezemidlalo yaseSpartak. Omunye wabasizi bakhe abakhulu ekuhleleni iklabhu kwakunguNikolai Starostin. Nguye owaqhamuka negama leqembu, ephawula amandla, isibindi nokuzimisela ukunqoba umholi wokuvukela umbuso. U-Nikolai waba inhloko yokuqala yeqembu, futhi u-Alexander waba ukaputeni.

abazalwane abadala spartak

Bonke abazalwane be-Starostin baqhubeka nomsebenzi wabo wezemidlalo kuleli qembu lebhola. I-Spartak isiphenduke ikhaya langempela kubo.

Kamuva umsebenzi

Ngo-1936, kuleli zwe kwasungulwa inhlangano entsha ngokuphelele imiqhudelwano football. I-Championship neNdebe ye-USSR phakathi kwamaqembu eklabhu iqala. Emqhudelwaneni wokuqala wasentwasahlobo womqhudelwano, uSpartak wathatha indawo yesithathu kuphela, kodwa kakade emncintiswaneni wasekwindla, iqembu labazalwane baseStarostin lazuza ukunqoba, liphusha iqhawe lasentwasahlobo iDynamo Moscow endaweni yesibili.

Emncintiswaneni ka-1937, abaholi baphinde bashintsha izindawo, kodwa ngo-1938 uSpartak wawina hhayi kuphela ubuqhawe, kodwa futhi neNdebe yezwe. Ngesizini elandelayo leli qembu liphinda impumelelo yalo ephindwe kabili. Emqhudelwaneni wokugcina wangaphambi kwempi, uSpartak wathatha indawo yesithathu, elahlekelwa imigqa emibili yokuqala yeDynamo Moscow naseTbilisi.

Njengoba ubona, kusukela komqhudelwano wokuqala kwakukhona ukuncintisana okubukhali phakathi kwamaqembu e-Spartak ne-Dynamo, okwathatha cishe sonke isikhathi sokuba khona kobuqhawe baseSoviet. Uma Spartak kwaba ngokwemvelo inhlangano yomphakathi, Dynamo kwaba ngaphansi kokufundiswa NKVD, eholwa Lavrenty Beria, owayengathandi impumelelo abaphikisi. Esikhathini esizayo, leli qiniso lizoba nendima embi esiphethweni sabazalwane be-Starostin.

Ukucindezelwa

Ukuqala kokucindezelwa kwabasebenzi beqembu kwabekwa emuva ngo-1938, lapho kuboshwa omunye wabasunguli beSpartak kanye nenhloko yenhlangano yeKomsomol, u-Alexander Kosarev. Wabulawa yiqembu labadubuli ngo-1939.

Abafowethu be-starostin nokusebenzisana ku-ussr

Entwasahlobo ka-1942, uBeria umemezela kuStalin ukuthi izelamani zakwa-Starostin zingamambuka. Basolwa ngalo lonke uchungechunge lobugebengu ngokumelene ne-Motherland, kuhlanganise nobunhloli obuvuna iJalimane lamaNazi, ngaleso sikhathi eyayisempini. Icala labazalwane be-Starostin laqala ukuqhutshwa ngaphansi kwesihloko esithi "terror", bese "i-embezzlement". Lesi sinqumo sakhishwa ngenxa yenkulumo-ze emelene namaSoviet, futhi bakhululwa ekuvukeleni umbuso. Noma kunjalo, abazalwane be-Starostin nokusebenzisana e-USSR kwaba yinto efanayo isikhathi eside. Abanye abasebenzi abahlanu bakwaSpartak nabo balahlwe ngamacala.

Isigwebo se-Starostins kwaba ukuhlala iminyaka eyishumi emakamu, kanye nokuhoxiswa iminyaka emihlanu ngokuthathwa kwayo yonke impahla.

Abazalwane badonsa izigwebo zabo ezindaweni ezihlukahlukene. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ejele, u-Nikolai Starostin wayehileleke ekuqeqesheni Dynamo (Ukhta), Dynamo (Komsomolsk-on-Amur), Dynamo (Alma-Ata) futhi Lokomotiv (Alma-Ata). Ngesikhathi esifanayo, u-Alexander wayeqeqesha iDynamo (Perm), futhi u-Andrei wayeqeqesha iDynamo (Norilsk).

Ngemva kokufa kukaStalin nokubulawa kukaBeria ngo-1953, abazalwane bakwaStarostin bakhululwa, futhi yonke imingcele yasuswa kubo.

Ngemva kokuvuselelwa

Ngemva kokuba abazalwane be-Starostin bevuselelwe, baqhubeka nokusebenza njengezisebenzi zebhola. Kakade ngo-1955, u-Nikolai Starostin waba inhloko ye-Spartak, futhi wahlala kulesi sikhundla kwaze kwaba ngu-1996. Ngo-1979-1980, wayebuye abe inhloko yeqembu lebhola lezinyawo lase-USSR.

indaba yabazalwane abadala

U-Alexander Starostin kusukela ngo-1956 kuya ku-1967 wayengusihlalo we-Football Federation ye-RSFSR, futhi kusukela ngo-1968 kuya ku-1976 wasebenza njengesekela.

U-Andrei Starostin kusukela ngo-1960 kuya ku-1964, futhi kusukela ngo-1968 kuya ku-1970, wakhonza njengenhloko yeqembu lebhola lebhola lezwe lase-USSR. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wasebenza kwezinye izikhundla ezibalulekile, isibonelo, wayeyisekela likasihlalo we-USSR Football Federation.

Ukuhamba empilweni

U-Alexander Starostin waba ngowokuqala kubazalwane owashona ngo-1981, eneminyaka engu-78 ubudala. Ngo-1987, eneminyaka engu-80 ubudala, u-Andrei Starostin washona. Omncane we-Starostins, uPeter, washona ngo-1993 eneminyaka engu-83. U-Nikolai Starostin wayengowokugcina ukufa. Washona ngo-1996 eneminyaka engu-93.

Njengoba ungase ubone, naphezu kokuphila okunzima, ukushushiswa nokucindezelwa, bonke abazalwane baseStarostin baphila baze baguga.

Izingane

Bonke abazalwane bakwa-Starostin babenezingane. Kodwa u-Nikolai, u-Alexander no-Andrei babenamadodakazi, futhi uPetru kuphela owayenendodana.

Kwakungu-Andrei Petrovich, owazalwa ngo-1937, ongabhekwa njengendlalifa ohlwini lwabesilisa lomndeni wakwaStarostin. Ubuye wazama isandla sakhe ebhola, kodwa waqaphela ukuthi wayengadlali kahle ngokwanele amaqembu afana ne-Spartak, ngakho-ke wanikela impilo yakhe kusayensi. Waphothula esikoleni futhi wasungula ama-honours, wathola umkhakha wobunjiniyela. Ufinyelele isikhundla sokuba uMqondisi Jikelele we-SKB THM.

Amaqiniso Athakazelisayo

Omdala kubazalwane, uNikolai, waba ngowokugcina ukufa.

Ngo-2014, kwembulwa itshe lesikhumbuzo kubazalwane baseStarostin eSpartak Stadium.

itshe lesikhumbuzo kubazalwane abadala

Elinye lamacala abazalwane bakwaStarostin kwakuwukulamula ngokufumbathisa, kodwa inkantolo yabakhulula kuleli phuzu.

Inani labazalwane be-Starostin emidlalweni yasekhaya

Kunzima ukweqisa ukuthi i-Starostins yadlala yiphi indima ekuthuthukiseni ibhola lasekhaya, ikakhulukazi, ekubunjweni kweqembu le-Spartak.

Ngisho nokucindezelwa kwezikhathi zikaStalin akukwazanga ukuwaphula, futhi baqhubeka nemisebenzi yezemidlalo ngemuva kokuvuselelwa.

Yimuphi umlandeli webhola, ikakhulukazi umlandeli weMoscow "Spartak", ongazi ukuthi obani abazalwane baseStarostin? Igama lalaba badlali bebhola abadumile bake baduma kulo lonke i-Union, kodwa, ngeshwa, udumo lwabo aluhlotshaniswa nje nempumelelo yezemidlalo, kodwa futhi nokushushiswa kwezombusazwe. Ngokuvamile, into enjalo yabafowethu abane abadumile babadlali bebhola cishe yiyona kuphela ezweni lakithi. Ake sithole ngokuningiliziwe ukuthi obani abazalwane bakwa-Starostin. I-biography kanye nomsebenzi webhola ngamunye wabo kuzoba yisihloko esizocatshangelwa.

abazalwane abadala

Umsuka wohlobo

Abazalwane bakwa-Starostin babengabomndeni wabalindi bofuzo. Okhokho babo bavela esifundazweni sasePskov. Inhloso eyinhloko yokuzingela kwabo kwakuyibhere, impungushe, impisi, i-snipe enkulu, i-corncrake, i-woodcock, i-snipe. Ngaphezu kokuzingela, babetshala izinja zokuzingela. Abanye babo baze bathola izicoco zobuqhawe emiqhudelwaneni eyahlukene.

Ikakhulukazi, ubaba womndeni, uPyotr Ivanovich Starostin, wayengumzingeli we-Imperial Hunting Society. Umama wayengowesifazane ompofu u-Alexandra Stepanovna.

Ukuzalwa nobungane

Kusukela esifundazweni Pskov umndeni wathuthela eMoscow. Kulapho bonke abazalwane bakwa-Starostin bazalelwa khona. Izibulo kubo, uNikolai, wazalwa ngo-February 1902, esifundeni Presnya eMoscow.

Ebusika, umndeni wawuhlala eMoscow, futhi ehlobo edolobhaneni lasePogost, esifundeni sasePeryaslavsky esifundazweni saseVladimir, ezweni lase-Alexandra Starostina. Manje lezi zindawo zingaphansi kwesifunda saseYaroslavl. Kulapho, ngo-August 1903, lapho wazalelwa indodana yesibili, u-Alexander.

Phakathi nokuhlala kwakhe okulandelayo eMoscow, ngo-October 1906, u-Alexandra Starostina wabeletha indodana yakhe yesithathu, u-Andrei. Unkulunkulu wakhe wayengumkhiqizi wezindwangu A.N. Gribov, owayexhunywe ukuzingela okuhlangene noPeter Starostin.

Omncane kubazalwane, uPeter, wazalelwa ePogost, njengo-Alexander. Lesi senzakalo esibalulekile senzeka ngo-August 1909.

Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi izelamani ezimbili ze-Starostin zazalelwa eMoscow, kanti ezinye ezimbili ePogost.

Nakuba izingane zachitha isikhathi esiningi enhloko-dolobha yesibili yombuso, ngaleso sikhathi eyayibhekwa njengeMoscow, noma kunjalo, izinkumbulo zabo ezifudumele zihlangene nesigodi sasePeryaslavsky. Izingane zazihlanganyela ekwenzeni utshani nokuhlwanyela, futhi zazikwenza ngokuthanda kwazo, ngaphandle kokuphoqwa abantu abadala. Njengokulindelekile, abazalwane babekuthanda nokuzingela.

bazalwane abadala amambuka

Kusukela ebuntwaneni, abazalwane be-Starostin babehileleke emidlalweni ehlukahlukene: i-table tennis, i-skiing, i-athletics, isibhakela futhi-ke, i-hockey nebhola. Ngaphezu kwalokho, u-Andrei wayethanda ukulandela imincintiswano eyenzeka eHippodrome.

Ngemva kokuvukela umbuso ngo-1917, lo mkhaya wawulambile futhi kwadingeka uthuthele emaphandleni. Ngokushesha, ngo-1920, ubaba womkhaya, uPeter Starostin, wabulawa isifo se-typhus. Ngemva kwalokho, ukuphila kwabantu abadala kwaqala kubazalwane.

Izikhathi ezinzima

Ngemva kokushona kukayise, umthwalo oyinhloko wokondla umkhaya wawela emahlombe omdala wabazalwane, uNikolai, ngaleso sikhathi owayeneminyaka engu-18 ubudala. Udlale ihokhi ebusika kanye nebhola ehlobo, edlalela iqembu leRussian Gymnasium Society (RGO) kusukela ngo-1917. Ngemva konyaka, umfowabo wesibili u-Alexander waqala ukudlala kuwo.

Ngakho abazalwane be-Starostin beza emdlalweni omkhulu - abadlali bebhola ogama lakhe laduma ezweni lonke.

U-Andrei naye wathuthela eMoscow, futhi waqala ukuziphilisa esitolo sokulungisa i-MOZO, ethola umsebenzi wokuba umsizi womshini wokukhiya.

Abanduleli be "Spartacus"

Ngo-1922, ngemva kokuhlanganiswa kwe-Russian Geographical Society ne "Society of Physical Education" (EFV), ekuqaleni komdlali webhola odumile kanye nomsebenzi wezemidlalo u-Ivan Artemyev, kwasungulwa iqembu elisha - i-MKS ("I-Moscow Sports Circle of Krasnopresnensky District"), lapho u-Nikolai, u-Alexander no-Andrey bajoyina. Kwaba leli qembu owaba umanduleli odumile eMoscow Spartak.

I-Starostin Brothers football club

Ngaleso sikhathi kwakungekho mqhudelwano we-All-Union club, ngakho iklabhu yabamba iqhaza eMoscow Championship. Ngesizini yokuqala waphoqeleka ukuba aqale ekilasini "B" ubuqhawe edolobheni, kodwa ngokushesha wathatha indawo yokuqala entwasahlobo nasekwindla imincintiswano, ngaleyo ndlela uthole ilungelo lokudlala ekilasini "A".

Ngo-1923, i-Starostin Brothers football club yaqanjwa kabusha ngokuthi i-Krasnaya Presnya. Ekilasini "A", iqembu, lapho abazalwane abathathu badlala khona, benza okungaphezu kokuphumelela, bethatha indawo yokuqala ku-capital Championship.

Esikhathini esizayo, igama leqembu selishintshile izikhathi ezingaphezu kwesisodwa. Ngo-1926 - 1930 yayibizwa ngokuthi "Pishcheviki", futhi kusukela ngo-1931 kuya ku-1934 - "ukubambisana kwezimboni". Lokhu kushintsha kwegama kwakungenxa yokuthi ngemuva kokuhlelwa kabusha kwebhola lasekhaya ngo-1926, amakilabhu avunyelwa ukuxhuma abaxhasi nokuxhasa ngezimali. Eqenjini le-Starostin, babengabakhiqizi bokudla abahlukahlukene. U-Nikolay ngokwakhe kwadingeka abambe iqhaza ekufuneni abaxhasi.

Ngalesi sikhathi, umfowabo omncane uPetru wangena eMoscow Institute of Physics and Technology e-silicate faculty. Kodwa ngo-1931 waphoqeleka ukuba ayeke izifundo zakhe ngenxa yezizathu zomndeni, futhi wajoyina abanye abazalwane ngaleso sikhathi ababedlalela iqembu lePromkooperatsia.

Ngo-1932, bobane abazalwane basuka ePromkooperatsia baya eqenjini laseDukat, elixhaswe imboni kagwayi enegama elifanayo. Kodwa-ke, uma kubhekwa ukuthi womabili amaqembu abesemnyangweni we-Union of Food Workers, singasho ukuthi ukudluliselwa kwabadlali abahamba phambili besuka ePromkooperatsia baya eDukat bekuwukudluliselwa kweqembu. Ngo-1933, iqembu lathatha indawo yesibili eMoscow Championship.

Ngo-1934, Starostins waphinde wabuyela Promkooperatsia, okuyinto ngokushesha iwine ubuqhawe edolobheni. Sekukonke, kusukela ngo-1923 kuya ku-1935, amakilabhu lapho abazalwane babedlala baba ompetha baseMoscow izikhathi ezine. Ngaphezu kwalokho, abazalwane badlala emaqenjini kazwelonke e-USSR naseMoscow, okaputeni bayo ngeminyaka yama-30s kwakunguNikolai no-Alexander, ngokulandelana. Njengengxenye yeqembu lesizwe laseMoscow, ngokuphindaphindiwe baba ngompetha be-RSFSR kanye ne-USSR ebholeni.

Imfundo "Spartacus"

Ngo-1935, umholi we-All-Union Komsomol u-Alexander Kosarev, ngesisekelo seqembu le-Promkooperatsia, wakha inhlangano yezemidlalo yaseSpartak. Omunye wabasizi bakhe abakhulu ekuhleleni iklabhu kwakunguNikolai Starostin. Nguye owaqhamuka negama leqembu, ephawula amandla, isibindi nokuzimisela ukunqoba umholi wokuvukela umbuso. U-Nikolai waba inhloko yokuqala yeqembu, futhi u-Alexander waba ukaputeni.

abazalwane abadala spartak

Bonke abazalwane be-Starostin baqhubeka nomsebenzi wabo wezemidlalo kuleli qembu lebhola. I-Spartak isiphenduke ikhaya langempela kubo.

Kamuva umsebenzi

Ngo-1936, kuleli zwe kwasungulwa inhlangano entsha ngokuphelele imiqhudelwano football. I-Championship neNdebe ye-USSR phakathi kwamaqembu eklabhu iqala. Emqhudelwaneni wokuqala wasentwasahlobo womqhudelwano, uSpartak wathatha indawo yesithathu kuphela, kodwa kakade emncintiswaneni wasekwindla, iqembu labazalwane baseStarostin lazuza ukunqoba, liphusha iqhawe lasentwasahlobo iDynamo Moscow endaweni yesibili.

Emncintiswaneni ka-1937, abaholi baphinde bashintsha izindawo, kodwa ngo-1938 uSpartak wawina hhayi kuphela ubuqhawe, kodwa futhi neNdebe yezwe. Ngesizini elandelayo leli qembu liphinda impumelelo yalo ephindwe kabili. Emqhudelwaneni wokugcina wangaphambi kwempi, uSpartak wathatha indawo yesithathu, elahlekelwa imigqa emibili yokuqala yeDynamo Moscow naseTbilisi.

Njengoba ubona, kusukela komqhudelwano wokuqala kwakukhona ukuncintisana okubukhali phakathi kwamaqembu e-Spartak ne-Dynamo, okwathatha cishe sonke isikhathi sokuba khona kobuqhawe baseSoviet. Uma Spartak kwaba ngokwemvelo inhlangano yomphakathi, Dynamo kwaba ngaphansi kokufundiswa NKVD, eholwa Lavrenty Beria, owayengathandi impumelelo abaphikisi. Esikhathini esizayo, leli qiniso lizoba nendima embi esiphethweni sabazalwane be-Starostin.

Ukucindezelwa

Ukuqala kokucindezelwa kwabasebenzi beqembu kwabekwa emuva ngo-1938, lapho kuboshwa omunye wabasunguli beSpartak kanye nenhloko yenhlangano yeKomsomol, u-Alexander Kosarev. Wabulawa yiqembu labadubuli ngo-1939.

Abafowethu be-starostin nokusebenzisana ku-ussr

Entwasahlobo ka-1942, uBeria umemezela kuStalin ukuthi izelamani zakwa-Starostin zingamambuka. Basolwa ngalo lonke uchungechunge lobugebengu ngokumelene ne-Motherland, kuhlanganise nobunhloli obuvuna iJalimane lamaNazi, ngaleso sikhathi eyayisempini. Icala labazalwane be-Starostin laqala ukuqhutshwa ngaphansi kwesihloko esithi "terror", bese "i-embezzlement". Lesi sinqumo sakhishwa ngenxa yenkulumo-ze emelene namaSoviet, futhi bakhululwa ekuvukeleni umbuso. Noma kunjalo, abazalwane be-Starostin nokusebenzisana e-USSR kwaba yinto efanayo isikhathi eside. Abanye abasebenzi abahlanu bakwaSpartak nabo balahlwe ngamacala.

Isigwebo se-Starostins kwaba ukuhlala iminyaka eyishumi emakamu, kanye nokuhoxiswa iminyaka emihlanu ngokuthathwa kwayo yonke impahla.

Abazalwane badonsa izigwebo zabo ezindaweni ezihlukahlukene. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ejele, u-Nikolai Starostin wayehileleke ekuqeqesheni Dynamo (Ukhta), Dynamo (Komsomolsk-on-Amur), Dynamo (Alma-Ata) futhi Lokomotiv (Alma-Ata). Ngesikhathi esifanayo, u-Alexander wayeqeqesha iDynamo (Perm), futhi u-Andrei wayeqeqesha iDynamo (Norilsk).

Ngemva kokufa kukaStalin nokubulawa kukaBeria ngo-1953, abazalwane bakwaStarostin bakhululwa, futhi yonke imingcele yasuswa kubo.

Ngemva kokuvuselelwa

Ngemva kokuba abazalwane be-Starostin bevuselelwe, baqhubeka nokusebenza njengezisebenzi zebhola. Kakade ngo-1955, u-Nikolai Starostin waba inhloko ye-Spartak, futhi wahlala kulesi sikhundla kwaze kwaba ngu-1996. Ngo-1979-1980, wayebuye abe inhloko yeqembu lebhola lezinyawo lase-USSR.

indaba yabazalwane abadala

U-Alexander Starostin kusukela ngo-1956 kuya ku-1967 wayengusihlalo we-Football Federation ye-RSFSR, futhi kusukela ngo-1968 kuya ku-1976 wasebenza njengesekela.

U-Andrei Starostin kusukela ngo-1960 kuya ku-1964, futhi kusukela ngo-1968 kuya ku-1970, wakhonza njengenhloko yeqembu lebhola lebhola lezwe lase-USSR. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wasebenza kwezinye izikhundla ezibalulekile, isibonelo, wayeyisekela likasihlalo we-USSR Football Federation.

Ukuhamba empilweni

U-Alexander Starostin waba ngowokuqala kubazalwane owashona ngo-1981, eneminyaka engu-78 ubudala. Ngo-1987, eneminyaka engu-80 ubudala, u-Andrei Starostin washona. Omncane we-Starostins, uPeter, washona ngo-1993 eneminyaka engu-83. U-Nikolai Starostin wayengowokugcina ukufa. Washona ngo-1996 eneminyaka engu-93.

Njengoba ungase ubone, naphezu kokuphila okunzima, ukushushiswa nokucindezelwa, bonke abazalwane baseStarostin baphila baze baguga.

Izingane

Bonke abazalwane bakwa-Starostin babenezingane. Kodwa u-Nikolai, u-Alexander no-Andrei babenamadodakazi, futhi uPetru kuphela owayenendodana.

Kwakungu-Andrei Petrovich, owazalwa ngo-1937, ongabhekwa njengendlalifa ohlwini lwabesilisa lomndeni wakwaStarostin. Ubuye wazama isandla sakhe ebhola, kodwa waqaphela ukuthi wayengadlali kahle ngokwanele amaqembu afana ne-Spartak, ngakho-ke wanikela impilo yakhe kusayensi. Waphothula esikoleni futhi wasungula ama-honours, wathola umkhakha wobunjiniyela. Ufinyelele isikhundla sokuba uMqondisi Jikelele we-SKB THM.

Amaqiniso Athakazelisayo

Omdala kubazalwane, uNikolai, waba ngowokugcina ukufa.

Ngo-2014, kwembulwa itshe lesikhumbuzo kubazalwane baseStarostin eSpartak Stadium.

itshe lesikhumbuzo kubazalwane abadala

Elinye lamacala abazalwane bakwaStarostin kwakuwukulamula ngokufumbathisa, kodwa inkantolo yabakhulula kuleli phuzu.

Inani labazalwane be-Starostin emidlalweni yasekhaya

Kunzima ukweqisa ukuthi i-Starostins yadlala yiphi indima ekuthuthukiseni ibhola lasekhaya, ikakhulukazi, ekubunjweni kweqembu le-Spartak.

Ngisho nokucindezelwa kwezikhathi zikaStalin akukwazanga ukuwaphula, futhi baqhubeka nemisebenzi yezemidlalo ngemuva kokuvuselelwa.

"Idunyiswe yi-Luxury"

“Ngaphandle, yonke into ibonakala ihlelekile: abadlali bahlula iBasques, abagijimi beSpartak badabula amabhande entanjeni, abashayisibhakela bakhipha izimbangi zabo. Kodwa kufanelekile ukubheka ngokujulile empilweni yalo mphakathi, futhi isithombe siyahluka: Ama-Spartacists awawona ama-Spartacists! Iningi labo ngabantu abanenkontileka. Bafika eSpartak behehwa ukunethezeka.

Esikhathini esithile ngemva kokubuya kwe-Spartak evela eBelgium, izihloko ezibhubhisayo ziqala ukuvela emaphephandabeni amakhulu aseSoviet, elahla umphakathi ngokudla izimali nokukhokha imali kubadlali bebhola bebhola, okwakungavunyelwe eSoviet Union. Enkabeni yecala kukhona owayengumdlali webhola lezinyawo nomdlali we-hockey, omunye wabaholi bomphakathi, u-Nikolai Starostin.

"Lala ndodana ngizobuya maduze." Indlela Abazalwane Be-Starostin Abaphunyuke Ngayo Esigwebeni Sokufa

“Umoya ongcolile, obolile wokubamba, ukugwazisa, ukugebenga umphakathi utshalwe kakhulu yizitha zabantu ezangena eKomitini Yezokufunda Ngemizimba Yezizwe Zonke. Bakwazile ukulimaza i-oda ekuhambeni komzimba. Ukuze kuqedwe imiphumela yokucekela phansi emkhakheni wesiko lomzimba, kuyadingeka ukuthi kuhlanzwe ngokuqinile imiphakathi yezemidlalo, futhi ikakhulukazi i-Spartak, kusukela ekuwohlokeni konxiwankulu, osomabhizinisi abangcolile abangena emaphaketheni omphakathi futhi baphazamise ukuthuthukiswa okukhulu kwesiko lomzimba nezemidlalo.

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"Spartak" ebhuthini yebhola

"I-TVNZ". Septhemba 3, 1937

Khipha ku-protocol yokuphenywa kwe-Kadrileev

Amalungu omphakathi wakwaSpartak asolwa ngokuhlela umzamo wokubulala uStalin.

Khona-ke isimemezelo esiyimfihlo se-NKVD No. 00447 "Emsebenzini wokucindezela ama-kulaks angaphambili, izigebengu nezinye izakhi eziphikisana namaSoviet" sase sikhishiwe, okwakuphawula ukuqala kwe-Great Terror futhi kwashintsha ukuphila kwabazalwane abane baseStarostin.

Funda indaba egcwele yokuthi abazalwane bakwa-Starostin baboshwa kanjani, bahlukunyezwa futhi bagwetshwa ekhasini lephrojekthi ye-Repression and Sport.

Cishe ngemva kwenyanga, kwaqala ukuboshwa kwabantu abaningi beqembu le-Starostins kanye nomphakathi waseSpartak - babengaphezu kweshumi nambili. Phakathi kwabo: unompempe webhola kanye nowayeyinhloko yeLokomotiv Viktor Ryabokon, owayengumshushuluzi kanye nenhloko yomnyango wezokusubatha nokushushuluza eMoscow Institute of Physical Education u-Ivan Grebenshchikov, umqeqeshi weSpartak Athletics School uVasily Steblev, skier Trofim Kadrileev, umgijimi u-Eliazar Gvozdover. Bonke babesolwa ngokuhlela itulo lokubulala uStalin ngesikhathi kunombukiso wabasubathi ngo-1937. Inhloko yabakhi bozungu kuthiwa u-Starostin Sr.

Umlando wabazalwane be-Starostin

Kwakukhona abazalwane abane kuleyo bhuthi: uNikolai, u-Alexander, u-Andrey noPeter Starostin. Umfowethu omdala u-Nikolai wayengomunye wabasunguli nabaholi bomphakathi waseSpartak, futhi abasha badlala eqenjini lebhola futhi bamsiza ukuba anqobe isicoco sokuqala sezwe ngo-1936.

Iqembu lomphakathi wezemidlalo elidalwe kuphela ngo-1934 lathola ukuthandwa ngokushesha futhi lawina ukunqoba ngemva kwenye. NgoJulayi 1937, u-Spartak wahamba ngokunqoba waya e-Antwerp e-III Workers' Olympiad. Kodwa ekhaya, iqembu alibange lisahlangatshezwana nezindondo.

"Imidlalo Ebomvu" Agasti 29, 1937

NgoJulayi 12, 1937, kwaba nombukiso wabasubathi eRed Square. I-Politburo yonke noJoseph Stalin babekhona emsamo, futhi amakhulu namakhulu abasubathi abancane badlula phambi kwabo. Phakathi kwabo - ibhola elithi "Spartak", elihamba ngebhuthi elikhulu elinombhalo othi "Spartak" - iSpain (Basques) - 6: 2 ukuhlonipha ukunqoba kweqembu laseSoviet emdlalweni wakamuva wamazwe ngamazwe.

“Ngiyazi ukuthi kunamaqembu amabili amaphekula asebenza emphakathini wezemidlalo i-Spartak: elilodwa, elihlanganisa abasubathi abangompetha kanye nesakhamuzi saseNgilandi uGarty Moritz, umqeqeshi wesikole sezokusubatha, nelesibili ohlwini lwabashwibi abaphambili. Wonke umsebenzi wamaphekula ophikisana nezinguquko kulawa maqembu okulwa uholwa yiNgcweti Ehlonishwayo Yezemidlalo u-Starostin Nikolai Petrovich.

Lesi yisiqalo somlando wabadlali bebhola baseSoviet kanye nezibalo zezemidlalo, abazalwane baseStarostin. Ukuze uthole ukucwiliswa okuphelele emkhathini, ukufinyelela ezithombeni ezigciniwe kanye nolwazi lomlando, ungaya ekhasini lephrojekthi ekhethekile ethi "Championship" kanye neMnyuziyamu Yomlando weGulag.

V. Krasinskaya/Sputnik

U-Nikolai wabhala: "Ukuba sebhola bekuyimvume yokuphepha engcono kakhulu. Wayenenhlanhla ngaphezu kwabafowabo - akazange aphoqelelwe ukusebenza kanzima, kodwa ngokushesha waqokwa njengomqeqeshi weqembu lekamu. Kamuva, u-Nikolai wathunyelwa e-Komsomolsk-on-Amur, okuxakayo, ukuqeqesha i-Dynamo yendawo. Kamuva, bavunyelwa ngisho nokuhlala ngaphandle kwendawo futhi bathuthele umkhaya wabo baye endaweni yabo.

U-Stalin wamsindisa kanjani u-Starostin

Ngo-1948, kwenzeka okuthile u-Nikolai Starostin kamuva owabiza ngokuthi "indaba yeqiniso ngesakhiwo esingakaze sibe khona." Bamshayela ucingo bathi ucingo ... Stalin. Kwavela ukuthi umdlali webhola odumile wabizwa ngendodana kaStalin, uVasily. Wayengumvikeli odumile wezemidlalo. Watshela uNikolai ngokungagwegwesi ukuthi wayelwela inkululeko yakhe: "Batshala into eyize, kusobala."

Ngaphansi kokusekelwa kukaVasily Stalin, u-Starostin wanikwa umsebenzi efektri, futhi usuku ngalunye lwenkambiso egcwalisekile, wayenqanyulwa izinsuku ezimbili zesigwebo sakhe. Ngenxa yalokho, ngemva kweminyaka emibili, uNikolai wakhululwa ngaphambi kwesikhathi esasimisiwe. 

U-Vasily Stalin wayefuna u-Starostin aqeqeshe iqembu lakhe lebhola lebhola lezindiza. Umqeqeshi walethwa eMoscow ngisho nokubhaliswa efulethini lakhe elidala kwabuyiselwa. Kodwa-ke, ngisho nendodana enamandla kaStalin ayikwazanga ukwephula imithetho obala - iziboshwa zasekamu zangaphambili azikwazanga ukuhlala endaweni eyi-100 km ukusuka eMoscow. Ukubhaliswa kuka-Starostin kuhoxisiwe. Khona-ke uVasily wenza omunye umzamo wokushiya umqeqeshi onekhono - wamhlalisa lapho ehlala khona. Kamuva, ezincwadini zakhe, u-Starostin wakhumbula lokhu futhi wayeyindida ngesikhundla sakhe "esibuhlungu" sokuthi "umuntu osondelene nenzalo yomashiqela" kanye neqiniso lokuthi "babezohlukaniswa."

U-Vasily Stalin (kwesokudla)

U-Vasily Stalin (kwesokudla)

Vasily Malyshev/Sputnik
Sputnik

Ngaphezu kwalokho abadlali bebesolwa ngokuhola ngale mali. Kodwa kwakungavunyelwe, kwakungekho ezemidlalo professional imali e-USSR, abasubathi babeyizimfundamakhwela futhi abazange bathole imali.

"Kufanele sihlanze imiphakathi yezemidlalo, ikakhulukazi uSpartak, onxiweni bonxiwa, osomabhizinisi abangcolile abangena ephaketheni lomphakathi," kubhala u-Komsomolskaya Pravda.

Ngo-1937, igagasi lokuboshwa laqala phakathi kwethimba le-Starostin - abaningi babesolwa ngokuhlela nokuhlela umzamo wokubulala uStalin ngokwakhe emhlanganweni wabasubathi. Ngesikhathi bephenywa ngemibuzo ngobandlululo, abaphenyi bakhiphe isivumo somunye wabasubathi ukuthi iqembu lamaphekula eliphikisayo, eliholwa nguStarostin uqobo, lisebenza eSpartak. 

Kwenzeka kanjani ukuba abakwa-Starostin bavalelwe ejele?

Ngesikhathi se-Great Terror, i-Starostins ayizange ithintwe ukuboshwa. Kwakukholelwa ukuthi abasunguli be-Spartak babenabaxhasi e-NKVD. Nokho, kamuva ubuholi bomnyango bashintsha, futhi ngo-1942 u-Nikolai, uPeter no-Andrei Starostin baboshwa. Kubo bobathathu, izikhulu ze-NKVD zangena ezindlini ngokuzumayo - ngobusuku obubodwa. Ezinyangeni eziyisithupha kamuva, umzalwane wesine, u-Alexander, owabuya ngaphambi kweMpi Yezwe II, naye waboshwa. 

Abakwa-Starostin babhala ezincwadini zabo zokukhumbula ukuthi isikhathi esingangonyaka nesigamu abaphenyi babaphenya, babashaya futhi babagcona. Babefuna ukuqeda izivumo zozungu nokuzama ukuhlasela uStalin, kodwa abazalwane babengenalutho ababengaluvuma. 

Abazalwane bakwa-Starostin ngo-1936.  Phansi kwesokunxele kuya kwesokudla: Peter no-Andrei, phezulu kwesokunxele kuya kwesokudla: Nikolai no-Alexander.

Abazalwane bakwa-Starostin ngo-1936. Phansi kwesokunxele kuya kwesokudla: Peter no-Andrei, phezulu kwesokunxele kuya kwesokudla: Nikolai no-Alexander.

Abazalwane be-Starostin: u-Nikolai, u-Alexander, u-Andrei noPetru babengabadlali bebhola abadumile kulo lonke elase-USSR. Badlala eqenjini lesizwe lase-USSR naseqenjini laseMoscow "Spartak" futhi bawine ngokuphindaphindiwe imiqhudelwano ehlukahlukene. Abalandeli beqembu basahlonipha i-Starostins, futhi eMoscow kukhona ngisho nomgwaqo oqanjwe ngomdala wabazalwane, u-Nikolai Starostin.

Isithombe segraffiti sika-Nikolai Starostin emgwaqeni oqanjwe ngaye empumalanga yeMoscow

Isithombe segraffiti sika-Nikolai Starostin emgwaqeni oqanjwe ngaye empumalanga yeMoscow

mos.ru

Kodwa-ke, uthando lwe-Union aluzange lubasindise emshinini wokucindezela u-Stalinist - futhi ngokusola okungenangqondo, bobane baboshwa ...

Indlela i-Starostins eyaduma ngayo

Ngo-1934, u-Nikolai Starostin wabizwa ukuba abe umhleli wezemidlalo we-Spartak voluntary sports society. Ngokulandela isibonelo sokuthi imiphakathi yokuzithandela yavela kanjani ngaphansi kwezinkonzo neminyango, i-Spartak yakhula yaphuma emaqenjini ezemidlalo ezinkampani ze-Industrial Cooperation, inhlangano engekho ngaphansi kukahulumeni ehlanganisa inqwaba yezimboni ezincane ezivela ezimbonini ezikhanyayo nezokudla. 

Iqembu lebhola lahlelwa emphakathini, kamuva owaziwa ngokuthi yi-Spartak. Yayikhona ngemali yomphakathi, futhi yasekelwa abantu abavamile, hhayi ngabameleli bebutho noma ezinye izakhiwo zombuso, njengeDynamo noma i-CSKA. Ngakho-ke, iMoscow "Spartak" yayibizwa ngokuthi "ithimba labantu".

Bonke abazalwane abane baba abadlali be-Spartak, futhi u-Nikolai naye waba inhloko yeqembu, wanakekela izindaba zakhe. Ngenxa yabadlali bebhola abanekhono, iqembu ngokushesha labonisa ikilasi ngokuwina imiqhudelwano eminingana. 

Ithimba le-Promkooperatsia ngo-1934.  Abazalwane bakaStarostin: owesine ukusuka kwesobunxele - u-Andrei, wesihlanu - uNikolai, owesikhombisa - u-Alexander, owesithathu kwesokudla - uPeter

Ithimba le-Promkooperatsia ngo-1934. Abazalwane bakaStarostin: owesine ukusuka kwesobunxele - u-Andrei, wesihlanu - uNikolai, owesikhombisa - u-Alexander, owesithathu kwesokudla - uPeter

“Sisonke siye endlunkulu, siyoziqeqesha, siye ezweni. Baze balala embhedeni owodwa obanzi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uVasily Iosifovich wazumeka, ngaphandle kokwehluleka ukubeka isibhamu ngaphansi komcamelo wakhe, "u-Starostin wabhala encwadini ethi Football Through the Years. 

Ngesinye isikhathi, lapho uVasily engekho eMoscow, izitho zikaStarostin zaphinde zathathwa futhi zafakwa esitimeleni esisuka edolobheni. U-Stalin waphinde wambuyisela eMoscow, kodwa ngokushesha u-Starostin wadingiswa eKazakhstan ngenxa yokwephulwa okunonya kwe-passport. Kwakufanele ahlale lapho ukuphila kwakhe konke, kodwa ngemva kokufa kukaJoseph Stalin ngo-1953, wahlunyeleliswa futhi wavunyelwa ukuba abuyele eMoscow. 

Abafowethu bakwa-Starostin babuyela kanjani ebholeni

U-Andrey Starostin ehhovisi lakhe

U-Andrey Starostin ehhovisi lakhe

U-Nikolai wabuyela eSpartak, waba inhloko yawo wonke umphakathi futhi wabamba lesi sikhundla kwaze kwaba ngu-1992. Ngemva kokuwa kwe-USSR, u-Nikolai wakwazi ukubamba iqhaza ekwakhiweni kwe-Professional Football League yaseRussia. Waphila waze waba neminyaka engu-93 ubudala, washona ngo-1996, futhi wangena emlandweni njengomunye wabantu ababaluleke kakhulu ebholeni laseSoviet naseRussia.

Ngemva kokufa kukaStalin, bonke abanye abafowabo bakaStarostin bakhululwa ekamu futhi bavuselelwa. UPetru wanquma ukungabuyeli ebholeni, kodwa waba unjiniyela. Ukuphila kwasekamu kwayikhubaza kakhulu impilo yakhe: wayenesifo sofuba esibi kakhulu, futhi ngenxa yeqhwa, umlenze wakhe kwadingeka unqunywe. UPeter washona ngo-1993 eneminyaka engu-83. 

Abazalwane abathathu abasele babuyela emdlalweni ababewukhonzile futhi bawulolonge ukuphila kwabo konke. U-Andrey wahola iqembu lesizwe lase-USSR, no-Alexander - i-Football Federation. Bobabili izelamani bashona ngawo-1980.

Isikhumbuzo sabazalwane bakwa-Starostin e-Otkritie Arena Spartak Stadium

Isikhumbuzo sabazalwane bakwa-Starostin e-Otkritie Arena Spartak Stadium

Umagazini we-Ogonyok u-
Valery Sharifulin/TASS

Ngaleso sikhathi akazange abambe iqhaza kuma-olympiads ajwayelekile kanye nokuncintisana kwe-USSR, ecabanga ukuthi "bourgeois" futhi eyingozi. Kodwa abasubathi baseSoviet baya emiqhudelwaneni yamazwe ngamazwe yezinhlangano zabasebenzi. Ngo-1937, uSpartak wawina ngokunqobayo umqhudelwano webhola ku-III Summer Workers' Olympiad e-Antwerp, eBelgium. 

Ngo-1937, ama-Spartacists nawo ahlonishwa embukisweni oyintandokazi kaStalin - umbukiso wezemidlalo e-Red Square. Abadlali bebhola badlule kuStalin ngebhuthi enkulu enombhalo othi "Spartak" - Spain (Basques) - 6: 2 "ukuhlonipha ukunqoba kwabaseSpain ngobusuku bangaphambi kombukiso. 

Yeka ukuthi ama-Starostins awela kanjani ekungamukeleni

U-Spartak usehlule ngokuphindaphindiwe amakilabhu omnyango ngaphakathi kwe-USSR. Phakathi kwabo kwakukhona iDynamo, ithimba loMnyango Wezangaphakathi (NVKD). Kube namahlebezi okuthi ubuholi beNKVD bucasulwe wukunqoba kwethimba “labantu” phezu “kokwabo”.

Ngo-1937, i-NKVD yakhipha isimemezelo sokucindezelwa "kwe-kulaks yangaphambili, izigebengu nezinye izakhi ezimelene neSoviet", okwakuphawula ukuqala kwe-Great Terror kaStalin. Noma ubani angabhekwa njengezakhi "eziphikisana neSoviet". 

Oshampeni bebhola abavela eSpartak baya emazweni onxiwankulu, futhi ku-NKVD noma yikuphi ukuxhumana phakathi kwabantu baseSoviet nabangaphandle kwakubhekwa njengokusolisayo. Ngo-1937, amaphephandaba amaningi aseSoviet asola ama-Spartacists ngokusebenzisa imali "yabantu" kulolu hambo, eqoqwe ezinkokhelweni zokuzithandela ezivela kumalungu omphakathi wabo wezemidlalo. 

U-Nikolai Starostin ngo-1938

U-Nikolai Starostin ngo-1938

Ngenxa yalokho, kwenye yezingxabano, abazalwane banquma “ukuvuma” “kumacala” amancane ukuze bagweme ukuphenywa futhi nokuhlushwa. U-Nikolai, u-Alexander no-Andrey bazivumele izinsolo zokuthi bakhwabanisa imali yomphakathi. Babekwe icala "lokudumisa umdlalo wonxiwankulu kanye nokuzama ukushushumbisa isimilo sonxiwankulu kwezemidlalo yamaSoviet." UPeter wavuma ukugxeka amapulazi ahlangene namaholo amancane, futhi wabekwa icala lokuvukela umbuso we-anti-Soviet. Bobathathu bagwetshwa iminyaka engu-10 emakamu. 

Indlela abakwa-Starostins abasinda ngayo emakamu

Nakuba bobane abazalwane bathunyelwa emakamu ahlukahlukene, babejabule ngandlela-thile. Okungenani baphunyukile ekubulaweni. Bonke abazalwane, ngaphandle kukaNikolai, babelwa umsebenzi onzima. UPeter wakhumbula ubusika bango-1944 njengesinye sezikhathi ezinzima kakhulu kulo lonke igama lakhe ekamu: “Umyalo kaStalin usebenza ngokugcwele - wokwenqaba ukusebenza, ukusebenzisa izinyathelo eziqinile, kuze kube sekubulaweni futhi kuhlanganise nokubulawa. Ngakho-ke, asikwazi ukuhamba ngesehlukaniso. Abaningi bawa endleleni. Izinga lokufa lifinyelela kubantu abangama-40 ngosuku. ” Ngalolo suku wanikezwa amagremu angu-750 kuphela esinkwa. Lapho impi ishuba, iziboshwa zasekamu zazingatholi ukudla, futhi kwadingeka kwenziwe umsebenzi owengeziwe ukuze kuhlangatshezwane nezidingo zamasosha.

Peter Starostin

Peter Starostin


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