Ama-sandboxer

 Ama-sandpipers ayisikhunta se-agaric sohlobo lwe-Ryadovka yomndeni wakwaRyadovkovye (Tricholomovye) osabalele emahlathini ethu. Ziyaziwa nangokuthi ama-sandstones, imigqa, i-podtopolniki. Amakhowe athola amagama anjalo ngenxa yokuthanda inhlabathi enesihlabathi, ikhono lokukhula ngokulandelana, ngaphezu kwalokho, akhetha ama-poplar kunezinye izihlahla.

 

Izici zesici zamabhokisi e-sandbox

Lolu hlobo lwamakhowe lunezinhlobo ezifika kwezingamashumi amahlanu, ngayinye enezici zayo, kodwa incazelo ejwayelekile ye-sandstone inganikezwa.

Ukubukeka nesithombe

Ungakwazi ukubona i-sandstone ngezimpawu ezithile. Phakathi kwazo kukhona:

  1. Sabalalisa ngamaqembu amakhulu.
  2. Ukukhula emigqeni.
  3. Ukuba khona kwe-tubercle kumakepisi amakhowe amadala.
  4. Indlela yokucasha esihlabathini noma ngaphansi kwamaqabunga.

Isici esigqama kakhulu somugqa odliwayo iphunga elimnandi. Ungabona ukuthi i-sandstone ibukeka kanjani esithombeni.

I-Morphology

I-cap ye-sandpiper i-convex, iyinyama, inomumo we-hemisphere. Njengoba ikhula, iqondana futhi igobe, ithole isimo esingajwayelekile. Amaphethelo ekepisi mancane, asongwe, anemifantu. Ezinganeni, ingaphezulu limanzi kancane futhi liyashelela. Ububanzi be-cap busuka ku-6 kuye ku-12 cm.

Ngokuya ngezinhlobo, ingaba nemibala elandelayo:

  • okuluhlaza;
  • okumpunga;
  • nsundu;
  • obomvu;
  • shades of brown.

Umlenze unenyama. Engxenyeni, isuka ku-1.5 kuya ku-4 cm, ubude - kusukela ku-3 kuya ku-8 cm. Lapho ucindezelwa, ubuso bomlenze buba mnyama.

Amapuleti amakhowe amancane amhlophe ngombala. Ngokukhula, bathola umbala onsundu obomvu. Inyama yomugqa iwugqinsi, iyinyama, imhlophe. Ngaphansi kwesikhumba sekepisi, sibomvu kancane, futhi ngaphansi kwesikhumba somlenze, simpunga. Cishe zonke izinhlobo zezilwane zibonakala ngephunga elithile, elikhumbuza iphunga likafulawa osanda kumiswa.

Indawo yokusabalalisa

Amatshe esihlabathi akhula emindenini emikhulu. Imigqa yabo ingatholakala ezindaweni ezinjalo:

  • amahlathi e-coniferous;
  • amahlathi aluhlaza;
  • amapaki;
  • ukuhlala;
  • emigwaqweni.

Ngiyathokoza ukwazi!

Imvamisa zitholakala ngaphansi kobhabhulini namaphayini, embozwe ngokuvikelekile ngaphansi kwezingqimba zesihlabathi noma amaqabunga awile. Amakhowe akhetha inhlabathi enesihlabathi.

Imigqa idume kakhulu ezindaweni zase-Omsk, eVolgograd, eSaratov eRussia, eKazakhstan, e-Altai Territory. Lezi zindawo zibhekwa njengezimpofu kumakhowe, ngakho-ke ama-sandpiper adliwa ngenkuthalo lapha.

 

Okudliwayo noma okungadliwa

Imigqa ingaba kokubili edliwayo futhi ibe nobuthi. Amakhowe alandelayo ayadliwa:

  • i-black-scaled;
  • umdondoshiya;
  • ijuba;
  • okuphuzi-nsundu;
  • okukhulu;
  • matsutake;
  • isiMongolia;
  • obomvu;
  • ubhabhulini;
  • okumpunga;
  • oqoshiwe;
  • umhlaba.

Okudliwayo ngokombandela kufaka isiliva, igolide, izicathulo, okuphuzi-bomvu, ama-sandpiper anentshebe kanye ne-greenfinch. Bonke abanye abamele imigqa abadleki noma banobuthi.

Umehluko kumakhowe amanga

Izinhlobo ezidliwayo zivame ukudideka nemigqa engadliwayo noma enobuthi. Ngezansi uhlu lwamakhowe amanga ajwayelekile anencazelo yokuhluka okuyinhloko.

igama lezinhlobo Izici
Ingwe
  • amapuleti amhlophe;
  • izindawo ezimpunga ebusweni bekepisi zakha iphethini yengwe.
igundane elikhomba
  • i-hump emnyama esigqokweni;
  • amabala aphuzi ebusweni.
Insipho
  • ukubomvu ku-pulp enqunyiwe;
  • iphunga elingemnandi lensipho yezithelo.
Brown
  • ukubomvu ku-pulp enqunyiwe;
  • isigqoko esinsundu esinesikhungo esimnyama.
Emhlophe
  • isigqoko esimhlophe esiyisicaba esivulekile;
  • inyama iba pink ngesikhathi sokuphumula;
  • iphunga elinamandla le-radish.

Isibonakaliso esiyinhloko sokudliwa kwe-sandstone yiphunga layo elimpunga.

Imigomo nemibandela yokuqoqwa

I-Sandstone iqala ukuthela izithelo ngo-August. Amakhowe okugcina avunwa ngo-Okthoba, futhi ezinye izinhlobo ziphila kuze kufike isithwathwa sokuqala.

Qaphela!

Ukuze ungalimazi i-mycelium, imigqa inqunywe ngommese. Ukuhlukana kungaholela ekufeni kwawo wonke umndeni.

 

Ungakwazi ukuqoqa imigqa kuphela ezindaweni ezinobungani bemvelo. Imizimba ethela izithelo yamakhowe ijwayele ukumunca ubuthi obuvela endaweni engaphandle, ngenxa yalokho ngisho nezinhlobo ezidliwayo ziba nobuthi. Ungahlola amakhowe ubuthi ngendlela elula: uma i-pulp ye-sandpiper imhlophe, ilungele ukusetshenziswa, i-pulp ephuzi ikhombisa ukungafaneleki.

Emvelweni, kunezinhlobo ezingaphezu kuka-40 zamatshe esihlabathi. Kodwa lezi zinhlobo ezilandelayo zibhekwa njengezivame kakhulu:

  1. I- Zelenushka  iyi-sandpiper enombala oluhlaza ongavamile. Ngisho nangemva kokwelashwa okushisa, umbala awushintshi. Kwesinye isikhathi kuba khona izibonelo ezinombala ophuzi. Lolu hlobo luyingxenye yesigaba esidliwayo esinemibandela. Kudliwa kuphela ngaphansi kwesimo sokuhambisana nobuchwepheshe bokupheka obuyinkimbinkimbi futhi ngenani elilinganiselwe kakhulu. Ikepisi liyi-convex, line-tubercle encane phakathi.

    Njengoba zikhula, izikali zivela phezulu. Umlenze we-greenfinch mfushane, kodwa ubanzi. Inokwakheka kokunwebeka okuminyene. Umbala wemilenze nawo uluhlaza. Amapuleti anombala olamula anephunga elibonakalayo likafulawa wemigqa. I-pulp imhlophe. Ezifanekisweni ezivuthiwe noma ezonakalisiwe, ithola i-tint ephuzi.

  2. Itshe lesandstone elimpunga  - libeka engcupheni impilo yomuntu uma lidliwa liluhlaza. Naphezu kokuba ingxenye yesigaba sokudliwayo, iba njalo ngemva kokwelashwa kokushisa. Ikepisi liyinyama, liyindilinga. Ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, ithola ukuma okuyisicaba kanye nemiphetho engalingani. Isigqoko siphansi kancane, kukhona i-tubercle phakathi.
    Umugqa ompunga
    Umugqa ompunga

    Ingaphezulu lipendwe ngomthunzi womlotha ompunga. Umlenze umhlophe, ngezinye izikhathi unombala ompunga-ophuzi. Ekuqaleni amapuleti amhlophe abephuzi noma abe mpunga ngokuhamba kwesikhathi. I-pulp imhlophe. Ngesikhathi sekhefu, liphenduka libe phuzi, likhiphe iphunga eliyimpuphu.

  3. I-sandstone ebomvu  - imithombo ehlukene ihlukaniswa ngezigaba ezahlukene. Abanye bachaza lolu hlobo njengokudliwayo, abanye baluhlukanisa njengokudliwayo okunemibandela. Enye indlela noma enye, kodwa, ngokufanisa namatshe e-sandstone ampunga, amatshe e-sandstone abomvu angadliwa kuphela ngemva kokucubungula. Ikepisi liyi-convex, njengoba likhula lithatha isimo esiyisicaba. Kukhona iqhubu elincane phakathi.
    isihlabathi esibomvu
    isihlabathi esibomvu

    Ingaphezulu liyanamathela. Kubantu abadala, kwakheka izikali kuwo. Umbala ongaphezulu uyahluka ukusuka kobomvu kuye konsudu. Umlenze uqondile, ujiyile kancane ngezansi. Ingaphezulu limhlophe, ukusuka ngezansi lipendwe ngethoni ephuzi-bomvu. Amabala ansundu avela emigqeni emidala. Amakhowe amancane anamapuleti amhlophe. Ngokukhula, ziba phuzi futhi zimbozwe amabala abomvu. Inyama imhlophe, inombala ophuzi. Uma isikiwe, inuka njengofulawa.

Amaresiphi nezici zokupheka

Amatshe esihlabathi angalungiswa ngezindlela ezahlukene. Kusukela eziphuzweni zamakhowe kuphele ngo-julienne. Kodwa izitsha ezimnandi kakhulu ama-sandpiper anosawoti futhi athosiwe. Ngaphambi kokupheka, amakhowe kufanele alungiswe. Ukulungiswa kwe-sandstones kuhlanganisa izenzo ezilandelayo:

  1. Hlanza kahle.
  2. Thela amanzi anosawoti kakhulu, shiya usuku.
  3. Geza usawoti.
  4. Ubilise isigamu sehora.
  5. Khipha futhi ugeze futhi.
Ukugeza amakhowe
Ukugeza amakhowe

Ukucwiliswa emanzini kuyisidingo sokusebenzisa imigqa ekudleni.

Usawoti ebusika

Kulula ukufaka ama-sandboxes. Ukuze u-salting uzodinga imikhiqizo elandelayo:

  • amatshe amatshe - 1 kg;
  • i-garlic - 4 amazinyo;
  • amaqabunga e-currant - ama-6 ama-pcs. ebhange ngalinye
  • uphizi we-allspice - ama-10 ama-pcs.;
  • usawoti - 50 g.

 

Imigqa yosawoti
Imigqa yosawoti

Amaqabunga ama-currant ama-3 abekwe phansi kwembiza. Fafaza upelepele phezulu. Khona-ke ama-sandbox alungisiwe abekwa ngezigaba, kufafaza ungqimba ngalunye ngosawoti kanye nesweli. Amaqabunga e-currant asele abekwe ekugcineni. Amabhange avaliwe futhi ashiywe amasonto ayi-6. Ngemva kwalesi sikhathi, imigqa ingadliwa.

Ama-Sandpipers athosiwe

Amabhokisi esihlabathi angathoswa. Ukuze wenze lokhu, amakhowe alungisiwe aphekwe ngo-anyanisi kuze kube nsundu yegolide. Ungakwazi futhi ukupheka ama-sandstones ku-egg batter.

Ama-Sandpipers athosiwe
Ama-Sandpipers athosiwe

Abanye omama bezindlu bakhetha ukwengeza ukhilimu omuncu omncane ekupheleni kokuthosa. Kulokhu, ama-sandboxes abe juicier nakakhulu. Ukunambitheka kwemigqa ethosiwe kukhumbuza inyama yenkukhu. Amakhowe aphekwe kahle azoba okuvelele kwanoma yiliphi itafula.

Izakhiwo eziwusizo zamabhokisi e-sandbox nemikhawulo ekusetshenzisweni

I-Sandpiper ingumthombo we-fiber, i-glycogen, i-thiamine, i-riboflavin. Aqukethe izakhi ezilandelayo:

  • i-calcium;
  • i-magnesium;
  • i-phosphorus;
  • i-sodium;
  • i-chlorine;
  • ithusi;
  • i-manganese;
  • zinc.

Amakhowe anothile ngamavithamini A, D, B. Abonakala ngemiphumela elandelayo emzimbeni womuntu:

  • i-immunomodulating;
  • anti-inflammatory;
  • i-antibacterial;
  • i-antiviral;
  • i-antioxidant.

Ngesikhathi esifanayo, ukudla i-sandpiper eluhlaza kungabangela ukugayeka kokudla. Amakhowe akufanele adliwe yizingane ezincane, abesifazane abakhulelwe nabancelisayo.

Izimpendulo zemibuzo evamile

Ama-sandpiper amakhowe ajwayelekile kakhulu, ngakho-ke avame ukuba yisihloko sengxoxo kubaqoki bamakhowe:

Indlela yokuhlukanisa i-sandpiper endala kusuka kwentsha?

Iminyaka ye-sandstone inganqunywa yi-cap. Encane i-convex, kanti endala iphansi.

Amakhowe anambitheka kanjani?

Imigqa eluhlaza iyababa ngokunambitheka. Nokho, ukwelashwa ukushisa kususa ukufutheka.

Kufanele amabhokisi esihlabathi acwiliswe isikhathi esingakanani?

Amatshe esihlabathi kumele acwiliswe usuku lonke emanzini anosawoti. Ngalesi sikhathi, ama-pores avuleka ngokwanele, futhi isihlabathi siphuma ngokuphelele emapuletini amakhowe.

Kungenzeka yini ukukhulisa ama-sandbox ekhaya?

Amabhokisi esihlabathi angakhuliswa ekhaya, ngaphansi kobuchwepheshe obuthile obukhulayo. Isimo esiyinhloko inhlabathi eyisihlabathi.

Ama-sandpiper amakhowe avame kakhulu angaphekwa ngezindlela ezihlukahlukene. Okuwukuphela kobunzima obungavela lapho kuvunwa, ngoba amakhowe anozakwabo abangenakudliwa.

 


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